Some Eighteenth Century
Alexander von Humboldt
Revolution & Independence
Rediscovering Mexican Antiquity
Emergence of Mexico
Map of New Spain from the 1630's|
Laet, Joannis de, 1593-1649.
Novvs orbis, seu Descriptionis Indiae Occidentalis, libri XVIII. .
. . Novis tabulis geographicis et variis animantium, plantarum
fructuumque iconibus illustrati.
Leyden: Elzevir, 1633.
Calf. Cardinal Richelieu's copy, gold-stamped with his arms.
The Dutch geographer
de Laet's book, published by the great house of Elzevir, contained
fourteen maps of the Americas engraved by Hessel Gerritz.
Central America in the mid Seventeenth Century
Blaeu, 1571-1638, "Yucatan et Guatemala," from Joan Blaeu, 1596-1673,
comp., Le grand atlas, ou, Cosmographie blaeviane: en laquelle
est exactement descritte la terre, la mer et le ciel; v.12. Amerique.
Amsterdam: Chez Jean Blaeu, 1667. Contemporary vellum, gold-stamped.
Atlas has two maps including 17th-century Mexico, a more
detailed one concentrating on the central areas and the Pacific coast,
and this one, covering a wider area, including the Caribbean coastline and Vera Cruz. The twelve volumes of maps in this atlas,
published by Blaeu's son in various editions with accompanying text in
different major languages, cover the whole known world and constitute
the single most important Renaissance map series in Thomas Cooper
Library. The beautiful hand-colored copperplates of the Blaeu atlas
are nearly all reprintings of maps originally engraved and issued by
the elder Blaeu in the 1630's and 1640's.
A Depiction of Mexico City from the
Montanus, Arnoldus, 1625?-1683.
De Nieuwe en onbekende weereld
of Beschryving van America en 't zuid-land,vervaetende d'oorsprong der
Americaenen en zuid-landers, gedenkwaerdige togten derwaerds,
gelegendheid der vaste kusten, eilanden, steden, sterkten, dorpen,
tempels, bergen, fonteinen, stroomen, huisen, de natuur van beesten,
boomen, planten en vreemde gewasschen, Gods-dienst en zeden,
wonderlijke voorvallen, vereeuwde en
oor/oogen . . .
Amsterdam: Meurs, 1671.
Large paper. Contemporary calf. Alfred Chapin Rogers Collection.
description of the Americas (which was immediately pirated for English
translation by John Ogilby) also includes a double-page engraving of
A British Traveler
through Mexico in the mid-17th century
Gage, Thomas, 1603?-1656.
A new survey of the West-India's: or, The English American his
travail by sea and land; containing a journal of three thousand and
three hundred miles within the main land of America. Wherein is set
forth his voyage from Spain to St. John de Ulhua; and from thence to
Xalappa, to Tlaxcalla, the City of Angels, and forward to Mexico.
London: Printed by E. Cotes, and sold by J. Sweeting, 1655.
Contemporary paneled calf. William R. Bailey Collection.
From an English
catholic family and educated in Spain, Thomas Gage initially went to
Mexico in 1625 as a Dominican missionary. In 1636, he left his parish
and the order and traveled independently throughout the region, before
returning to London in 1639, rejecting the Roman church, and becoming
a warm supporter of Parliament during the English Civil War. His
account of his travels, first published in 1648, with its description
of the wealth and vulnerability of Spanish America, led to a British
naval expedition, which failed to capture Hispaniola, but successfully
seized control of Jamaica.
A Jesuit in Mexico and
Peru in the early 17th century
Victoria, Pedro Gobeo de,
1560?-1630?; Bissel, Johannes, 1601-1682, transl. Joannis
Bisselii, è societate Jesu, Argonauticon Americanorum, sive, Historiæ
periculorum Petri de Victoria, ac sociorum eius, libri XV.
Monachii: formis Lucæ Straubii, sumptibus Ioannis Wagneri bibliopolæ,
1647. Contemporary pigskin over wood.
account, Naufragio y peregrinacion de Pedro Gobeo de Vitoria,
natural de Sevilla, was first published in Spanish in Seville in
Montezuma on the British Stage
Dryden, John, 1631-1700.
Indian emperour, or the, Conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards.
London: Herringman, at the Sign of the Blue Anchor, 1681.
Calf spine, marbled
Montezuma's story, as a heroic leader doomed by the clash between
opposing civilizations, resonated with Britons in the post-Civil War
Restoration period, in which their own monarch had been executed by
the victorious Parliamentary forces. This play by the first English
Poet Laureate, John Dryden, was first performed in 1665, and first
printed the following year.
Dampier: A British
Expedition in the Age of the Buccaneers
Dampier, William, 1652-1715.
A new voyage round the world. Describing particularly, the isthmus of
America, several coasts and islands in the West Indies, the isles of
Cape Verd, the passage by Terra del Fuego, the South Sea coasts of
Chili, Peru, and Mexico;
. . .
London: James Knapton, 1697. Modern cloth.
seventeenth-century, the wealth of Spanish America attracted the
attention not only of rival governments but also of free-lance
buccaneers. Dampier's account of his voyages in 1679-1691 (which took
him right round the world) narrate a quasi-scientific story of
geographic discovery, but the voyage was motivated and financed by
piracy, and it was the chance of intercepting the Spanish galleons
bringing bullion from the Philippines that took him both to the
Pacific coast of Mexico and subsequently (by way of Africa) to the Far
in Dutch Translation
Dampier, William, 1652-1715; Sewel,
Willem, 1654-1720, transl.
Nieuwe reystogt rondom de werreld, waarrin omstandiglyk beschreeven
worden de land-engte van Amerika, verscheydene kusten en eylanden in
Westindie, de eylanden van Kabo Verde, de doortogt van de Straat Le
Maire na de Zuydzee, de kusten van Chili, Peru, Mexiko. . .
Gravenhage: A. de Hondt, 1698-1700. Modem half calf.
This Dutch translation
indicates the interest among rival European maritime powers in
Spanish America in the late seventeenth-century, when Spain itself was
Popular British Opinion in the late 17th
Casas, Bartolomé de las, 1474-1566.
An Account Of the First Voyages and Discoveries Made by the
Spaniards in America. Containing The most Exact Relation hitherto
publish'd, of their unparallel'd Cruelties on the Indians, in the
destruction of above Forty Millions of people. . . . Illustrated with
London: Printed by J. Darby for D. Brown, 1699.
Contemporary panelled calf.
volume, a translation into English from a French condensation of
several different older works by Bartolomé de las Casas, indicates the
curious mixture in British attitudes of anti-Spanish outrage (in the
illustration) and of entrepreneurial ambition (in its appendix "The
Art of Travelling, fhewing how a Man may difpofe his Travels to
the beft advantage.).
An Account of
Dampier's Return to Mexico
Funnell, William. A voyage
round the world. Containing an account of Captain Dampier's expedition
into the South-seas in the ship St. George, in the years 1703 and 1704
. . . together with the author's voyage from Amapalla on the west
coast of Mexico, to East India.
London: W. Botham, for J.
Knapton, 1707. Contemporary calf.
describes himself as mate but was apparently only the steward, sailed
on Dampier's third major voyage, when Dampier attacked but failed to
capture the Manila galleon, and had to abandon his expedition. The
map shown here depicts a section of the American coast where
buccaneers could land and raid both Spanish and Indian settlements,
they lurked in wait for richer prey.