Irvin Department of Rare Books and Special Collections
University of South Carolina Libraries

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clifford Allen (Lord Allen of Hurtwood) Papers, 1911-1962

 

Collection: Mss. 1979:1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contact information:

Irvin Department of Rare Books and Special Collections

Ernest F. Hollings Special Collections Library

University of South Carolina
1322 Greene Street
Columbia SC 29208
(803) 777-3847
(803) 777-3842 fax
email: tclrare@mailbox.sc.edu
www.sc.edu/library/spcoll/rarebook.html

 

©2010 University of South Carolina Libraries

 

 

Summary

Title: Clifford Allen (Lord Allen of Hurtwood) Papers, 1911-1962
Collection Number: Mss. 1979:1
Creator:  Clifford Allen

Extent: 7.7 cu. ft (23 archival boxes)

 

Administrative Information

 

Provenance: Purchase, 1966.

            Processed by: Jessica Kross.

            Access Restrictions: Open to research.

            Preferred Citation: [item], Clifford Allen Papers, Rare Books and Special

Collections, University of South Carolina Libraries.

Publication Rights: All rights reside with the estate of the creator. For

permission to reproduce or publish, please contact Rare Books and Special

Collections.

 

 

Chronology 

 

Reginald Clifford Allen

Born: May 9, 1889

 

1905-1908       University College Bristol.

1908-1911       Peterhouse College, Cambridge.

1911-1915       Secretary of the Daily Citizen.

1912-1915       Founder and Chairman of the University Socialist Federation.

1914                Published Is Germany Right and Britain Wrong?

1915-1919       Chairman, No-Conscription Fellowship.

1917                Marriage to Marjory Gill.

1917-1918       Imprisoned for refusing military service; contracts tuberculosis in prison.

1920                Visited Russia. Met with Lenin. Suffered physical breakdown while there.

1922                Treasurer, Independent Labour Party.

1922                Birth of Joan Collete Allen.

1923-1925       Business Manager, New Leader.

1924-1925       Chairman, Independent Labour Party.

1925-1930       Director, the Daily Herald.

1932                Peerage, Lord Allen of Hurtwood.

1932                Published LabourŐs Future at Stake.

1932-1933       Member of Executive Board, National Labour Party.

1934                Published BritainŐs Political Future.

1935                Visited Germany. Met with Hitler.

1936                Published Peace in Our Time.

1936-1937       Chairman, Next Five Years Group.

1937                Visited Germany. Met with Hitler.

1938                Visited Berlin and Prague to help in Czech Crisis.

1939                Died in Switzerland. Ashes scattered on Lake Geneva.

 

 

Scope and Contents Note

This collection documents the political life and works of the British pacifist, propagandist, and leftist organizer Reginald Clifford Allen, Lord Allen of Hurtwood, (1889-1939). The archive is a comprehensive collection of the authorŐs professional correspondence, manuscripts and speeches. It was acquired by the university in the mid- 1960s from AllenŐs widow, Lady Allen, through the intercession of the British historian Martin Gilbert, who held a visiting position at the University of South Carolina after the completion of his book on Allen, Plough My Own Furrow: The Story of Lord Allen of Hurtwood as Told Through His Writings and Correspondence (1965).

     

Clifford Allen was part of a group of left-leaning conscientious objectors and pacifists who chose prison rather than conscription during World War I. His prison experience left him with the tuberculosis that cost him a political career and periodically immobilized him. It killed him in 1939.

 

Allen was an organizer, publisher, executive secretary, fund-raiser, treasurer, speechifier, newspaper op-ed and letter writer and later broadcast debater. His greatest political influence came in the early 1920s when the first Labour Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald, assumed government. MacDonald later engineered the peerage that placed Allen, an avowed Socialist, in the House of Lords. These papers document the immense amount of time and energy Allen spent trying to further the causes of peace and progressivism in inter-war England. Additional notes and descriptions occur at the beginning of each series in the finding aid.

 

 

 

Summary

 

Series                                                                                     Box

 

1.  Biography, CVs, Personal Documents                               1

2.  Correspondence                                                                  1-9

3.  Speeches, Published Materials, Unpublished

            Manuscripts, and Newspaper Clippings                      9-19

4.  Organizational Materials                                                    20-22

5.  Germany and Europe, 1930s                                             23

6.  Oversized Materials                                                           Oversized folder

 

 

 

 

Container List

 

Series 1:  Biography, CVs, Personal Documents

 

This series contains published materials about Allen and some personal materials by him.   

 

Box     Folder

 

1          1.  Obituaries and notices of the memorial services.

1          2.  Remembrance of Lord Allen after his death.

1          3.  Reflections by former colleagues on his leadership of the Non-Conscription Fellowship.

1          4.  Post-WW II articles on Allen's life and career.

1          5.  C.A. to B. Longstaff, 1937-1938; Longstaff to A. Barratt Brown after C.A.'s death about the publication of Longstaff's book on conscientious objectors.

1          6.  Notes on proposed book on Allen, unidentified, but likely by Catherine

Marshall. There is some speculation the notes could be by Bertrand Russell.

1          7.  Arthur Marwick's proposal for a life of Allen.

1          8.  Typed extracts from Allen's personal diary, January-September, 1918

1          9.  Typed extracts from Allen's Guest Book, 1926-1931

 

 

Series 2:  Correspondence (1911-1938)

 

This series includes primarily organizational and political correspondence with a small percentage of personal letters included. The bulk of the correspondence consists of carbon copies of letters sent by Allen in his official capacities with left-leaning organizations such as the Non-Conscription Fellowship, Independent Labour Party, and Next Five Years Group. Allen was also an experienced and self-described propagandist; letters to the editor of various newspapers, as well as attempts to launch left-leaning newspapers appear in this correspondence. The organization is partially chronological but also institutional where previous users have collected the materials. After the general correspondence there are two other groupings: the first is concerned with the organization of the Next Five Years Group, and the second with Allen's efforts to free German political prisoners including Hans Litten, and Germany. Researchers should check all relevant folders as correspondence from a particular date may appear in several places. Some speeches are also included within the correspondence. Some undated letters or partially dated letters are included where it seems most appropriate or where previous organizers of the material have placed them. There is one folder of undated or fragmentary correspondence.

 

Notable correspondents in this series include: Clement Atlee (9/30/1930); Stanley Baldwin (11/26/1932); Ernest Bevin (11/30/1928, 8/9/1929, 8/?/1929, 3/22/1930, 1/1/1932); Havelock Ellis (10/14/1934); Anthony Eden (7/31/1936); E. M. Forster (9/30/1934, 10/10/1934); Aldous Huxley (10/3/1936?); Julian Huxley (6/10/1935, 11/25/1935, 1/9/1936, 2/19/1936, 2?/1936); Harold Laski (8/5/1929); Bronislaw Malinowski (5/9/1938, 5/15/1938); Lady Ottoline Morrell (11/20/1920, 12/30/1920, early 1921); Oswald Moseley (9/20/1924); Joachim von Ribbentrop (2/25/1935; 12,8,1935; 12/9/1936; Bertrand Russell (5/6/1918, 8/5,1918, 8/19/1918, 8/26/1918); Arnold Toynbee (6/11/1935, 8/7/1936?); Eamon De Valera (2/26/1923); H.G. Wells (12/1932?); and Leonard Woolf (6/6/1935).

 

There is extensive correspondence with Malcolm MacDonald, son and political operative of Ramsay MacDonald, throughout this series. There is also correspondence with Norman Angell, Ramsay MacDonald, Harold MacMillan and Stanley Unwin.

 

Box     Folder

 

1          10.  Note to C. A. in Daily Herald material, n.d.

            11.  "Letters from Cambridge," 1911

            12.  Letters to father, 22 March, 1912 - 24 September, 1912

            13.  Letters to wife, 13 August, 1931 - August, 1938

            14.  Letters to daughter Polly, 31 January, 1936 - 14 October, 1938

            15.  Personal letters, 1927-1938 (3 items)

            16.  Correspondence concerning The Daily Citizen 1 Feb., 1912 – 11 Dec., 1913

            17.  Correspondence concerning The Daily Citizen 3 Feb., 1914 – 9 Sept., 1917 and final closing of account for 'D.C.,' 23 Dec., 1931

            18.  Open letter to Lloyd George 31 May, 1917

19.  Allen's letters from prison, 24 Mar., 1917; 21 Apr., 1917; 17 May, 1917; 31 May, 1917 (typed copies)

20.  Letters from N.C.F. leaders in prison including Bertrand Russell, Fennner Brockway, and John P. F. Fletcher. (typed copies, 1918)

            21.  Illness, recuperation, and marriage, 1920-1922

 

2          1.  Correspondence 10 January, 1921 - 28 December, 1925 and undated

            2.  Correspondence 9 January, 1926 - 31 December, 1931

            3.  Correspondence 1 January, 1932 - 29 January, 1932 and undated

            4.  Correspondence 1 February, 1932 - 31 March, 1932

 

3          1.  Correspondence 1 April, 1932 - 31 May, 1932

            2.  Correspondence 1 June, 1931 - 29 July, 1932

            3.  Correspondence 1 August, 1932 - 30 September, 1932

            4.  Correspondence 1 October, 1932 - 31 December, 1932

 

4          1.  Correspondence  2 January, 1933 - 31 May, 1933

            2.  Correspondence 1 June, 1933 - 31 October, 1933

            3.  Correspondence 1 November, 1933 - 17 December, 1933 and undated   

4.  Correspondence 1 January, 1934 - 28 February, 1934

 

5          1.  Correspondence 1 March, 1934 - 31 May, 1934

            2.  Correspondence 1 June, 1934 - 28 December, 1934

            3.  Correspondence 1 January, 1935 - 27 March, 1935        

            4.  Correspondence 2 April, 1935 - 31 May, 1935

            5.  Correspondence 1 June, 1935 - 30 June, 1935

 

6          1.  Correspondence 1 July, 1935 - 31 July, 1935

            2.  Correspondence 1 August, 1935 - 30 September, 1935

            3.  Correspondence 1 October, 1935 - 31 October, 1935

            4.  Correspondence 2 November, 1935 - 31 December, 1935

            5.  Correspondence 2 January, 1936 - 30 June, 1936

            6.  Correspondence 6 July, 1936 - 31 December, 1936

 

7          1.  Correspondence 1  January, 1937 - 30 June, 1937

            2.  Correspondence 1 July, 1937 - 30 December, 1937

            3.  Correspondence 13 January, 1938 - 2 December, 1938

            4.  Correspondence, undated fragments

            5.  Typed extracts of correspondence from the 1930s

            6.  Correspondence: Next Five Years Group 18 November, 1935 - 31 January, 1936

            7.  Correspondence: Next Five Years Group 1 February, 1936 - 29 February, 1936

 

8.         1.  Correspondence: Next Five Years Group 2 March, 1936 - 31 March, 1936

            2.  Correspondence: Next Five Years Group 2 April, 1936 - 5 June, 1936

            3.  Correspondence: Next Five Years Group 2 June, 1936 - 31 December, 1936

            4.  Correspondence: Next Five Years Group 1 January, 1937 - 22 December, 1937

 

9          1.  Correspondence: political prisoners, Germany 30 January, 1934 - 17 December, 1935

            2.  Correspondence: political prisoners, Germany 1 January, 1936 - 31 December, 1936

            3.  Correspondence: political prisoners, Germany 1 January, 1937 - 28 October, 1938

                       

 

Series 3:  Speeches, Published Materials, Unpublished Manuscripts, and Newspaper Clippings (1911-1939)

 

Clifford Allen was a prolific spokesman for the causes in which he believed. He delivered speeches and granted interviews; composed articles and letters to the editors of various newspapers and journals; and wrote books. This series contains speeches in whole or fragmentary—he often recycled material, speech outlines, and other manuscript materials, some never published, but overall intended to appeal to a popular audience.  Much of this material is undated and so is not in chronological or any other particular order. Speech outlines and newspaper clippings might also be found in the correspondence and other series.

 

Box     Folder

 

9          4.  Articles, speeches, and interviews on international relations and related subjects, n.d., 1937

10        1.  Articles, speeches, and interviews on international relations and related subjects, n.d., 1934, 1937
  2.  Articles, speeches, and interviews on international relations and related subjects, n.d., 1933, 1934, 1937
 
3.  National Peace Council, "Problems of International Security," 20 October, 1933
  4.  Articles, speeches, essays, and interviews on 1930s Germany

            5.  Lord Allen's speeches to the House of Lords, 1932-1938

            6.  "Student, Citizen, and Socialist," 1913?

            7.  Speeches and articles on domestic politics, 1930s

 

11        1.  Speeches and articles on domestic politics, 1930s

            2.  Speeches and articles on education, n.d., 1936

            3.  Lord Allen on the BBC, n.d., 1932, 1933

            4.  Lord Allen on pacifism, n.d., 1933, 1936, 1937

            5.  Speech outlines, n.d.

 

12        1.  Speech outlines, n.d.         

            2.  Speech outlines, fragments, n.d.

            3.  Speech outlines, 25 February, 1932 - 6 June, 1933

            4.  Speech outlines, 29 July, 1933 - 14 December, 1933

 

13        1.  Speech outlines, 6 January, 1934 - 23 February, 1934

            2.  Speech outlines, 14 March, 1934 - 13 November, 1934

            3.  Speech outlines, 17 November, 1934 - 25 February, 1935

            4.  Speech outlines, 27 February, 1935 - April, 1935

 

14        1. Speech outlines, 1 April, 1935 - 13 June, 1935

            2.  Speech outlines, 21 June, 1935 - 29 September, 1935

            3.  Speech outlines, 12 October, 1935 - 7 December, 1935

            4.  Speech outlines, 9 January, 1936 - 29 July, 1936

 

15        1.  Speech outlines, 15 October, 1936 - 18 December, 1936

            2.  Speech outlines, 13 March, 1937 - 20 April, 1937

            3.  Speech outlines, 27 April, 1937 - 5 October, 1937

            4. Speech outlines, 9 October, 1937 - 17 November, 1937

 

16        1. Speech outlines, 23 November, 1937 - 8 March, 1938

            2. Speech outlines, 12  March, 1938 - 27 July, 1938

            3. Correspondence from Catherine Marshall and John W. Graham about Graham's Book Conscription and Conscience. Copy of Allen's preface; reviews.

            4. Incomplete typescript of proposed booklet On Active Service, intro about Allen and N.C.F. by Bertrand Russell

            5. Mss. of proposed work on politics and society, unpublished

 

17        1-4. Mss. of book on conscription and C.Os. (4 folders)

 

18        1-3. Newspaper clippings, University Socialist Federation, (3 folders) 1911-1915, n.d.

            4. Newspaper clippings, The Daily Citizen, 1914-1915

            5. Newspaper clippings on war, the I.L.P., conscription, the N.C.F. and Clifford Allen, May 1914 - April, 1916

            6. Printed matter on N.C.F. including copies of The Labour Leader, The HeraldThe Friend, The New Statesman, John Bull, and The Christian Commonwealth, 1914-1917

 

19        1. Newspaper clippings on war, conscription, the N.C.F. and Clifford Allen, 11 April, 1916 - 4 February, 1922

            2. Newspaper clippings, I.L.P., 1920-1924, 1925, n.d.

            3. Newspaper clippings, Labour politics, 1926-1929

            4. Newspaper clippings, The Daily Citizen, 1925, n.d.

            5. Newspaper clippings, 1930s

            6. Newspaper clippings, 1931-1932

            7. Published articles and pamphlets, 1933-1938

            8. Articles and clippings, 1930-1939

 

 

Series 4:  Organizational Materials.

 

Clifford Allen was an organizer and administrator—the go-to person that every organization needs both to get started and to continue functioning. This series includes minutes, agendas, budgets, newsletters, newspapers, reports and other material from organizations such as the No-Conscription Fellowship, the Labour and Socialist International, and The Next Five Years Group. Included in these folders are correspondence, speech outlines and newspaper clippings pertaining to various organizations.

 

Box     Folder

 

20        1. Clifford Allen's official notices from the Army, 1916-1920

            2. Typed and handwritten notes on organization of N.C.F., prison activities of C.A. and others, 18 April, 1916 - August, 1917

            3. Photocopied material on Clifford Allen. 1)  Case before Southwestern Police Court, Lavender Hill 31 July, 1916, 2) Defense before Court Martial at Newhaven N.C.C. Camp, 12 December, 1916                         

            4. The "Wakefield Absolutists" affair, September 1918

            5. Speech outlines for N.C.F. and Socialist groups, n.d.

            6. Conscription Board correspondence, September, 1915 - May, 1922 

            7. Photocopied materials on C.O.s in prison and prison conditions

            8. Unpublished mss. by A.M. Sanders on C.O. experiences, with correspondence between Sanders and Lady Allen, n.d.

            9. N.C.F., speeches, broadsides, organizational material, n.d.

            10. Anti-War and Anti-Conscription propaganda by organizations other than the N.C.F.

            11. N.C.F Propaganda leaflets and related materials, 6 January, 1916 - 14 September, 1918, n.d.

            12. Printed organizational materials of the N.C.F., 1915-1919

 

21        1. Duplicate copies of N.C.F. printed organizational material

            2. Transcriptions, N.C.F. national convention, 27 November, 1915.  Clifford Allen, Chair.

            3. Transcriptions, N.C.F. national convention, 8 April, 1916 and other N.C.F. convention materials.

            4.  Controversy over why C.A. resigned as I.L.P. Chairman in 1925

            5. With the Labour (I.L.P) delegation in Soviet Russia, 1920, correspondence and clippings

            6. N.C.F. materials, including minutes of national convention, 2 August, 1919

            7. J. Ramsay MacDonald's ideas on The New Leader

            8.  Miscellaneous. 1912-1938. Not Daily Citizen

            9.  Materials on The Daily Citizen, 1915

            10. Printed material The Daily Citizen, 1912-1917

            11.  Daily Herald memoranda, 16 November, 1927 - 25 February, 1929

 

22        1. "The Labour and Socialist International," 28 August, 1923 - 30 October, 1924

            2. "The Labour and Socialist International," November - December, 1924

            3. "The Labour and Socialist International," 8 January - 15 January, 1925

            4. "The Labour and Socialist International," notes, minutes of administrative committee, 26 January, 19--?

            5. Newspaper excerpts, 1924-1925, n.d.

            6-7. Organizational and Printed Matter on Next Five Years Group (2 folders)

            8. Next Five Years Group, newspaper clippings

 

 

Series 5:  Germany and Europe, 1930s

 

The deteriorating conditions in Europe and threat of Nazi Germany posed immense problems for pacifists. Clifford Allen was both the receiver of information and an active gatherer of it, visiting Germany in 1936 and 1938. This series includes letters, reports, and newspaper clippings, including reports by the Quaker Corder Catchpool on conditions in Europe. Other materials on Europe and the impending war will be found in other series. AllenŐs attempts to free German political prisoners are included here and also documented in Series 2, Correspondence.

 

Box     Folder

 

23        1. Incomplete or unidentifiable letters, 1930s

            2. Two letters to the editor, The Times, 1934/5?; Manchester Guardian 20 October, 1938

            3.  Clippings from German newspapers, 1930s

            4.  Trip to Germany, 1936

            5.  Report on C. Allen's visit to Germany, March 1938

            6.  Newspaper clippings on political prisoners in Germany, 1935-1940

            7.  Photocopied and typed material on German (Nazi) political prisoners

            8.  Undated material on Nazi political prisoners

            9.  Private reports by Corder Catchpool

            10. Situation papers on occupied Europe by Corder Catchpool, 1936-1938

            11. Reports on international affairs sent to Lord Allen

 

 

Series 6:  Oversized Materials

 

1 folder containing:

1 photostatic copy of an original portrait of Clifford Allen by his brother in law, Colin Gill.

Pages from four German newspapers concerning Jewish issues, 1935-1936