John Milton & Seventeenth-Century Culture

Introduction | Early Years | Italy & the 1640s | Civil War | Paradise Lost etc.
Milton's Reputation | Further References

Milton's Posthumous Reputation
and Later Responses

The first Latin Paradise Lost
William Hogg, b. ca. 1652, transl.,
Paraphrasis poetica in tria Johannis Miltoni . . . poemata, viz. Paradisum amissum, Paradisum recuperatum, et Samsonem Agonisten.
Londini: typis Johannis Darby, 1690. Later blind-tooled calf.

This first translation of Milton's English poems for the fast-diminishing international community of neo-Latinists is actually rarer than any of the early English editions of Paradise Lost. Hogg, a Scot from Gowrie in Perthshire, based his translation on the original ten-book version, not the twelve-book revision. The volume remains fascinating evidence of the learned context within which Milton's reputation was achieved.

Milton's earliest biographers
Edward Phillips,
"The Life of Milton [1694],"
in William Godwin, 1756-1836, Lives of Edward and John Philips, nephews and pupils of Milton. Including various particulars of the literary and political history of their times.
London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1815. From the library of William Beckford (1760-1844), with his manuscript notes, and later in the library of Lord Roseberry (1847-1929).

An early eighteenth-century literary reference book
Giles Jacob, 1686-1744,
"Mr. John Milton,"
in Poetical register: or the Lives and Characters of the English Dramatick Poets. Volume II.
London: W. Mears, 1724. Contemporary calf.

Dr. Johnson on Milton, I
Samuel Johnson, 1709-1784,
"Prologue, Spoken by Mr. Garrick, April 5, 1750, before the Masque of Comus,"
in his Poetical Works.
London: W. Osborne . . . Gainsborough: J. Mozley, 1785.

Dr. Johnson on Milton, II
Samuel Johnson,
"Milton,"
in his Lives of the English Poets; and a criticism on their works.
3 vols. Dublin: Whitestone, Williams, Colles, Wilson, 1779-1781. Signatures of Charles Pinckney, dated April 18, 1791, Charleston, vols. 1 and 3.

Milton in France, I
Nicolas François Dupré de Saint-Maur, 1695-1774, transl.
Le Paradis perdu de Milton. Poeme heroique, traduit de l'anglois, avec les remarques de Mr. Addisson.
2 ed., revûe & corrigée. 3 vols. Pari: Cailleau [etc.], 1729. Original rust-coloured, paste paper boards.

Milton in France, II
Voltaire, 1694-1778.
An essay upon the civil wars of France, extracted from curious manuscripts : And also upon the epick poetry of the European nations from Homer down to Milton by Mr. de Voltaire, author of the Henriade.
2d ed., corrected by Himself. London : Printed for N. Prevost and Comp., 1728.

Milton in France, III
John Milton,
Le Paradise perdu: poëme par Milton; édition en anglais et en français; ornée de douze estampes imprimées en couleur d'après les tableaux de M. Schall.
2 vols. Pari: Chez Defer de Maisonneuve . . . 1792. Modern brown quarter calf binding, marbled boards.

Milton and Romantic literary biography
William Hayley, 1745-1820.
The life of Milton, in three parts. To which are added, Conjectures on the origin of Paradise lost: with an appendix.. The second ed., considerably enlarged.
London: T. Cadell, junior [etc.] 1796.

Illustrating Milton in the 19th century 
Richard Westall, 1765-1836.
"L'Allegro,"
Original pencil illustration 1822?]. Signed: R. W. 14 x 12 cm.

The quest for biographical documents
Henry John Todd, 1763-1845.
Some account of the life and writings of John Milton, derived principally from documents in His Majesty's State-paper office, now first published.
London: C. and J. Rivington [etc.] 1826. Calf: South Carolina College Library Collection.

Milton and early Victorian reform
Joseph Ivimey, 1773-1834.
John Milton: his life and times, religious and political opinions: with an appendix, containing animadversions upon Dr. Johnson's life of Milton, etc., etc.
London: Effingham Wilson, 1833. Original cloth, paper spine label.

A pocket Paradise Lost from the 1820s
John Milton,
Paradise lost : a poem in twelve books.
London : Jones & Company, 1829.
Jones's Diamond poets. Original raised ripple grain purple silk, gold printed black paper lettering-label on spine. Gilt edges.

Brydges on Milton
Sir Egerton Brydges, 1762-1837.
The life of John Milton.
London: J. Macrone, 1835. Original brown cloth, blind-stamped.

Milton and the Victorian literary pilgrimage
William Howitt, 1792-1879.
Homes and haunts of the most eminent British poets.
The illustrations by W. and G. Measom.
2 vols. London: R. Bentley, 1847. Rebound.

The phantasmagoric Milton
Gustave Doré, 1832-1883, illus.,
Milton's Paradise lost.
Chicago: Thompson & Thomas, [1880?]. Original maroon pictorial cloth.

Tennyson pays tribute to Milton
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, 1809-1892'
"Milton. Alcaics,"
in Enoch Arden, etc.
London: Edward Moxon, 1864. Original cloth.

Robert Bridges on Milton
Robert Seymour Bridges, 1844-1930.
On the prosody of Paradise regained and Samson Agonistes. Being a supplement to the paper On the elements of Milton's blank verse in Paradise lost, which is printed in the Rev. H. C. Beeching's edition of Paradise lost, bk. I, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
London: B. H. Blackwell, 1889. Original gray wrappers. Ewelme Collection of Robert Bridges.

 

Introduction | Early Years | Italy & the 1640s | Civil War | Paradise Lost etc.
Milton's Reputation | Further References

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