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Lt. Daniel S. Hardenburg Papers, 27 November 1862-25 April 1865 and undated
Fifty-two manuscripts, 27 November 1862-25 April 1865 and undated, of Lt. Daniel S. Hardenburg, assistant surgeon of the Fifty-sixth New York Veteran Volunteer Infantry, are chiefly letters to his fiancee, Marie M. Parker, of Jersey City, N.J., spanning the entire term of service, from June 1863, when he received his commission, until April 1865, when he was discharged. Hardenburg wrote letters from Beaufort, Morris Island, Boy's Neck, Deveaux's Neck, Pocotaligo, Hilton Head, Charleston, Mt. Pleasant, Georgetown, on board the U.S. Steamer Arago and the U.S. Hospital Steamer Cosmopolitan, and from the field while accompanying his unit on various military expeditions.

Hardenburg's first letter from Beaufort, dated 20 December 1863, describes the condition of Smith's plantation, "once called an old Spanish Fort composed chiefly of morter made of oyster shells....However sufficient remains of the Fort to testify as to the belief that it would require but one shell from Genl Gilmores three hundred pounders to Knock the old Magazine into a cocked hat....The Rebs undertook to make improvements by way of additional Embankments of shell and mother earth but they gave it up as useless. Well after we satisfied ourselves as to the novelty and unfitness of such a Caboose...." A letter of 25 February 1864, written from Lady's Island, gives a glimpse of the vigilance of the soldiers of the First South Carolina Regiment-"A little while ago I was shot at by a coloured soldier in the 1st South Carolina Regiment who was stationed on picket opposite Port Royal side. It was quite dark and he believing me to be in a boat, challenged me to come across and give the 'Kontersine." I told him I didn't …and don't you believe the bugger shot without any further preliminaries - - the ball whistled not many feet over my head." Further correspondence, dated 25 September 1864, Morris Island, relates - - "I am acquainted with several...Union officers now confined in Charleston …some of them managed to set the city on fire and it was some time before it could be extinguished...deserters came from Charleston, they were stark naked, swam all the way."

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