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Land Conveyance, 29 April 1767 (Craven County, S.C.), from Roger Pinckney to Matthew Singleton
Document, 29 April 1767, Craven County land conveyance from Roger Pinckney to Matthew Singleton, this indenture records a public auction of three separate tracts of land in present-day Sumter County-200 acres on Shanks Creek, 350 acres on Little River and Beach [Beech] Creek, and 494 acres on the Wateree River.

Two features make this document of special historical interest. First is the original signature and signet ring seal of Roger Pinckney, last provost marshal of the royal province of South Carolina and a prominent figure during the regulator troubles of the late 1760s. Two years after Pinckney executed this document, the Circuit Court Act of 1769 abolished the office of provost marshal and replaced it with a system of district sheriffs. Second is the likelihood that on one of the tracts conveyed to Matthew Singleton by this indenture was the Revolutionary War landmark Singleton's Mill.

This tract of 200 acres, located at a place called Williams Old Field, included improvements by previous occupants and was the most valuable property of the three. Pinckney included a full description in the sale advertisement he placed in the 3 April 1767 issue of the South Carolina and American General Gazette. The auction was to be held "at a place where the late Captain John Dargan lived," and the advertisement listed various acreages from Dargan's estate that were being sold by court order.

The Williams Old Field tract was located, Pinckney said, "on a marsh and Shank's Creek, bounded on all sides by vacant land at the time of the grant. One hundred and fifty acres of which is rich dry swamp, with a creek running through it, by which the land may be easily flowed; ten acres of the swamp is under dams. On this tract is a fine grist mill which will be sold together with the land."

Evidently this network of swampland, dams, ponds, and millraces formed the bottleneck where Francis Marion's brigade tried and failed to cut off the escape route of a British supply column in December 1780.

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