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Hayne Family Papers, 1815-1984

Three hundred seventy-one manuscripts, one bound volume, one hundred seventy-four photographs, and thirteen post cards document family life and the careers of several generations of the Hayne family of South Carolina. The collection also includes correspondence and other documents relating to the Douglass and Thorn families of the Blackstock community in Chester County. Dr. James Adams Hayne (1872-1953) married Fannie Douglass Thorn of Blackstock in 1897.

Several generations of the Hayne family have been involved in various aspects of public health in South Carolina as well as in other countries. James Adams Hayne practiced as examining surgeon for the Pension Bureau in Washington, D.C., from 1905 to 1907, after which he served in Panama with the Isthmian Canal Service until 1909. In 1911, Dr. Hayne became executive secretary of the State Board of Health in South Carolina and State Health Officer. He served as South Carolina's chief health officer until 1944, when he became responsible for health educational duties with the department. Dr. Hayne served in Co. B, First South Carolina Volunteer Infantry, in the Spanish-American War. While working in Panama from 1909 to 1911, he was on active duty and remained in the Military Reserve Corps. When Dr. Hayne was elected State Health Officer in 1911, he returned to the family's ancestral home, Wavering Place, in rural Richland County.

The Haynes' first child, Theodore Brevard Hayne (1898-1930), was born at Blackstock and entered the medical profession like his father. Theodore Brevard began working with the malaria control program of the United States Public Health Service during summer vacations before he entered college. After graduating in 1920, he worked with the program as a technical assistant to Marshall A. Barber. He later enrolled in the Medical College of South Carolina but continued summer work with the malaria control program. He graduated in 1927 and interned in the Panama Canal Zone. In 1928 he took a position with the Rockefeller Foundation's West Africa Yellow Fever Commission. Hayne remained in West Africa, working first in the field and later in the laboratory at Yaba. In 1930 he returned home to marry Roselle Hundley. He returned to Africa in the spring to complete his tour but suddenly contracted yellow fever in the summer and died on 10 July.

Dr. James A. Hayne's son-in-law Philip Gadsden Hasell (1900-1981) graduated from The Citadel in civil engineering in 1920 and later studied at Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. He and Theodore Brevard Hayne worked together in 1922 in the malaria control program of the United States Public Health Service. He later served as a malaria control engineer with the Rockefeller Foundation and the South Carolina Board of Health. In 1928 he was appointed assistant state sanitary engineer with the Board of Health. In 1933 he became assistant state director of the malaria control progrm of the United States Public Health Service. During World War II Hasell served as a sanitary engineer with the United States Army in the Pacific theater.

The earliest documents in the collection are land papers which date from 1815 to 1876. The earliest correspondence occurs in the 1850s between members of the family of Dr. John Douglass (1795-1870) and his wife, Mary Lunsford (1798-1873). They resided in the Blackstock community, Chester District. A 1 January 1853 deed indicates that a co-partnership existed between John Douglass and his son John Lunsford (1825-1855). The father conveyed to his son "Solomon his wife Jinny and their children, three boys, Prince Warren and Nathan and three girls Sylla Elizabeth and Milly-a man George and girl Viney and Henry's George" in consideration of their co-partnership since 1844, during which time John Lunsford "hath given for my benefit and the benefit of my creditors his entire earnings...averaging about eleven hundred dollars pr year."

The collection contains correspondence between family members as well as letters from former residents of Chester District who were acquainted with Dr. John Douglass. John H. Lewis, a resident of Huntsville, Ala., wrote Dr. Douglass, 1 August 1855, about his Florida lands-"I have a great bargain on land 66 miles South of St. Augustine on Turnbull's swamp....it is adapted to sugar[,] contains 666 2/3 acres[.] I would sell on time & at a price [a buyer] could quadruple his money in 4 years." A fellow physician, John R. Porter, Macon, Miss., 10 March 1855, gives a detailed account of the illness of a mutual acquaintance who apparently suffered from a growth in her breast. Porter's diagnosis differed from the opinion of a number of other physicians, "but I...can appreciate...where every Physician has to stand & that is his starting point `Young America vs. Old Foggyism.'" Porter lamented that the patient "had an idea & hope of being cured by Quacks & conjurors, until time had placed her beyond medical aid."

One of Douglass' sons, Thomas James Holden (1839-1890), was enrolled as a student at the University of North Carolina on the eve of the Civil War. His brother Swanson Wade (1831-1864), in a letter of 12 February 1860, urged him to apply himself, study hard, and make the most of his opportunity-"Father & Mother are very solicitous as to yourself & are persuaded that your brief sojourn at College will not be fruitless & may yet be the means of showing the capabilities of a mind, which heretofore has never been brought into exercise."

The period of the Civil War is represented by only a few letters from sons Thomas and Wade to their parents. Thomas discussed activities in camp and the possibility that his unit would be moved to North Carolina in a letter of 15 January 1863. Their duty at the moment consisted of "lying in camp, no duty to do, but grub is very scarce, & high priced." Wade wrote his father from Battery Marshall, Sullivan's Island, 25 December 1863, requesting "edibles" and clothing.

The economic plight of many families in the South is revealed through postwar correspondence. A letter, 10 September 1866, of Thomas R. Waring, Bank of the State of South Carolina, Charleston, explains a circular letter sent out to remind customers of their indebtedness and of the opportunity to settle accounts on favorable terms. Waring stated, apparently in response to a letter from Douglass-"We had no intention of pressing our claims in the present prostrate condition of the Country, and you will not let my letter cause you any uneasiness on that score. Many names on our Books have shared the fate of your gallant Son." Winnsboro attorney James H. Rion advised Douglass' widow, 13 February 1871, of her rights to her "homestead against any debts in judgment...except where the debt is for the land itself, or where it is a mortgage given upon the land itself."

Much of the correspondence and other papers in the 1880s and 1890s relates to the education of members of the Thorn and Hasell families. These include a certificate, 23 June 1884, issued to D[uncan] I[ngraham] Hasell for membership in the Philomathic Literary Society; a circular, 3 September 1884, of Augusta Female Seminary, Staunton, Va.; and a catalog, 1885-1886, of Alexander College, Burkesville, Ky. Two letters provide insight into student life during this period. One from a Davidson College, N.C., student identified only as Rob, 19 May 1889, gives an account of the "Senior speaking" which had been delayed a week by a "protracted meeting" in town. The students were preparing for final examinations and expected to "raise cain" with the "CFI" girls when they attended the celebration of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. A letter, 18 April 1892, of Sue Thorn, who was attending Clifford Seminary discusses her initiation into a society and commencement plans. Sue assured her mother that she was not among the girls who ran away in April-"Mr. & Mrs. C. were very mad with them, gave them eight demerits, and they are not allowed to go any where for a month."

One hundred twenty-eight manuscripts document the career of Philip G. Hasell as assistant sanitary engineer with the State Board of Health and the United States Public Health Service, 1932-1935. Included are reports on mosquitoes, sewage plants, typhoid fever, and water purification plants. Correspondence and reports indicate Hasell's involvement with the National Malaria Committee, the American Society of Tropical Medicine, and the International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation.

The collection includes one hundred seventy-four photographs dating from the early 1900s to 1945. They include social activities, buildings, and people at Wavering Place. Members of the Hayne and Hasell families, including Theodore Brevard Hayne and Philip G. Hasell, are in many of the photographs. A 1909 image shows the family of James Adams Hayne on the front porch of their quarters at an army post in Montana. Seventeen photographs of work crews and other views of the Santee-Cooper hydroelectric power project ca. 1940 show the clearing of the land and efforts to control mosquitoes.

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