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Alonzo J. Pope papersManuscript, 2 March 1863, and manuscript volume, 29 October 1864 -25 April 1865, of Alonzo J. Pope, captain, Co. D, 13th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, document this Union soldier's Civil War military experience, particularly as a member of the 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps marching with William Tecumseh Sherman.
A military pass, 2 March 1863, Office Provost Marshal[l], Providence, La., authorizes Pope to travel by "any boat in the service of the government" to Memphis, Tenn. Pope's journal details his participation in Sherman's campaign through Georgia and the Carolinas, with brief entries noting the destruction of railroad lines, recording casualties, identifying towns through which the army passed, recording the number of miles marched each day and the location of camp sites, and frequently mentioning the construction of corduroyed roads, as well as the swamps and mud that impeded the army's progress.
The journal commences with Pope's departure from Gaylesville, Ala., and journey through Georgia. By 3 February 1865 Union troops had crossed into South Carolina and were engaged in fighting near Rivers Bridge on the Big Salkehatchie River. A characteristically terse notation relates the following details of the fightó"at 2:30 p.m. entered the swamp emerging from it on the north side at near 4 p.m. Waded through mud and water of depth from 4 inches to 4 feet. Encountered the enemy on north side and drove him away. Threw up works and bivouacked for the night." Arriving at Columbia on 17 February 1865, Pope notedó"The 13th Iowa commenced crossing the river...Lt. Col. Kennedy hoisted the stars and stripes on the capitol building of South Carolina being the first troops in the city and the first national colors planted in the city." There is no mention of the burning of Columbia. At Cheraw, 3 March 1865, only recently evacuated by Confederates, Pope reported, Union troops found twenty-seven pieces of artillery and four thousand small arms.
Pope and his Iowans crossed into North Carolina on 8 March 1865. Subsequent entries detail the occupation of Fayetteville, casualties in fighting near Goldsboro, 21 March 1865, and their entry into Goldsboro and review before General Sherman, 24 March 1865. One of the final entries, 15 April 1865, indicates that "pursuit of Johnston" had been "discontinued because of his proposal to surrender."
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