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Roderick Salley McLucas Papers

Forty-three manuscripts, 1860-1898 and undated, of Roderick Salley McLucas (1842-1902), one-time resident of Marion County, consist chiefly of correspondence addressed to McLucas from brothers Hugh and John Dhu McLucas, sisters Martha and Mary Jane McLucas, and various other family members. Among the collection's antebellum items are letters, 17 May and October 1860, describing travels in Arkansas; and a letter from T.A. McRae, written from Clio, 5 November 1860, reporting excitement in Marlboro District over the presidential election and the arrest of persons suspected of "insurrectionary movements."

Civil War letters, 1 May and 27 July 1861, from Roderick's brother Hugh McLucas, indicate that he had joined McQueen's Guards, give news of military actions near Fairfax and Centreville, Va., report that the Yankees had suffered heavy casualties and left behind much equipment and ordnance, and describe the horror of "a battlefield, covered with dead and dying men, an awful sight to look upon." A letter from eldest brother, J.D. McLucas, 2 September 1864, written from Camp near Winchester, Va., reports that he was a participant in a court martial involving captains Townsend and Joy, who were accused of cowardice.

Items pertaining to R.S. McLucas' employment as a school teacher include a letter, 25 January [18]62, from J.D. McLucas, commending his younger brother upon his decision to teach and suggesting—"Epistolary correspondence, if properly attended to will not only improve your hand-write; but it is also necessary to improve your stile of writing; in both of which you are yet deficient." A contractual agreement, 1 February 1863, Selkirk, Marion District, specifies terms whereby McLucas was hired as teacher for a ten-month period; and a letter from Mary Jane McLucas, 27 November 1863, indicates that she was awaiting an offer to teach at Clio—"I will not engage for anything less than $800 and our board, & told them I thought $1000 would be but a small consideration for the times."

Post-war letters include that of J.D. McLucas, 22 August 1867, written from Marion, noting the presence of Federal troops and detectives "going about the Country arresting persons who were concerned in committing murders &c or Deserters, negroes &c during the war," and complaining that people were slow to register—"if they do not do better in future...the negroes will take and rule the Country."

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