SOUTH CAROLINIANA LIBRARY
UNIVERSITY SOUTH CAROLINIANA SOCIETY
Kincaid and Anderson Family Papers [addition]Three hundred fifty-six manuscripts and two manuscript volumes, 1773-1897 and undated, added to the South Caroliniana Library's extensive holdings of Kincaid and Anderson family papers include land documents, 1773-1871, involving Kincaid family property in Craven County, later known as Fairfield District. The remainder of the manuscripts relate to Edward Kirkpatrick Anderson (1803-1849), his wife, Elizabeth Kincaid Anderson (1811-1884), and their son, Thomas Kincaid Anderson (1843-1903).
Edward Anderson left Scotland in 1819 to work for his uncle John Kirkpatrick in Charleston. Early letters to Edward are from family members in Scotland and inquire anxiously about his situation and health. From 1829 through 1838, Edward corresponded with Harriet and William Burgoyne, Charlestonians living in New York City. Harriet chided Edward for being a Nullifier in 1831 and described the cholera epidemic of 1832, while Edward reprimanded Harriet for being near an abolitionist group during a Fourth of July celebration in 1832. Most of William Burgoyne's letters after Edward's marriage to Elizabeth Kincaid in 1837 concern procuring and shipping "your Ladies Hat, Dress, Gaiters & Boots".
Edward's business correspondence includes five letters written between May and September 1836 regarding land speculation near Red River, Ark. During 1842 Anderson conducted business in the Pee Dee area and received updates from John Kirkpatrick in Charleston about cotton demand and prices. Edward's receipts reveal that he belonged to the Union Light Infantry, St. Andrew's Society, and the South Carolina Jockey Club, and was a member of First Presbyterian Church, Charleston.
There is no correspondence relative to Edward Anderson's untimely death in 1849. Letters to Elizabeth Kincaid Anderson, living in Fairfield District, from family and friends relate news of personal health, epidemics, slave increase, family happenings, wartime troubles, and post-war views on emancipation, the Negro, and the new labor system. Elizabeth's son John attended Arsenal Academy in Columbia, and his one letter to her speaks of the arrival of new cadets, P.G.T. Beauregard's son and nephew (6 January 1861). John, later a corporal in Company B, Capers Cadets, Army of Tennessee, died of wounds received near Atlanta in August 1864. His "Soldier's Hospital Certificate" indicates that he was wounded in the knee. Elizabeth Anderson's family business papers include a letter to Col. Maxcy Gregg about a promissory note (30 January 1856), a five-hundred-dollar Confederate bond (20 February 1863), and correspondence with brother William Kincaid about efforts to settle debts (1870-1873). By 1885, Thomas Kincaid Anderson had left the family farm and become manager of the Columbia Canal project. Reports and correspondence with Col. Thomas J. Lipscomb, South Carolina Penitentiary, relate progress on the canal (1885-1887).
Slave-related materials present in the collection include bills of sale of slaves identified by name (1821-1859). A friend wrote Edward Anderson from Cuba suggesting that "There is now a brisk importation of slaves into this Island from Africa. The traffic meets with unusual encouragement from the government & people...within 10 days 1200 slaves have been landed on the Island...a good African commands $450" (9 February 1836). The 1844 last will and testament of William Kincaid (1844) lists slaves and notes how they were acquired. And an 1859 inventory of Elizabeth Kincaid's estate includes a list of slaves by gender. Additionally, a manuscript volume, 1799-1863, identifies family slaves by name and where purchased. It also includes yearly hire records, cost of clothes and medicine, and records of the births and deaths of Kincaid slaves.
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