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Other 1994 Gifts

Bank of Camden minutes, 1850-1857, of the board of directors, recorded by president W.E. Johnson and president pro tem W.D. McDowall. Business typically centered around issuance and signing of new banknotes, passing of original notes, offering discounts, and discussion of the bank's financial status. On 14 January 1852 the board authorized H.B. Williams as agent, in connection with the Bank of Charlotte, N.C., "to purchase or sell Exchange...on Charleston, N. York, or other points." The question of the "doubtful health of the several officers of the Bank" arose on 29 November 1854. The board decided to hire a new clerk and reduce the salaries of the cashier and teller. Also during this meeting, the board allowed Johnson to pay off certain notes early in case a large note, for which he was liable, should not be paid.
Letter, 21 August 1805, J[oseph] Brevard to James Brown re Samuel Carter, who was "in gaol on suspicion of Horse stealing," and indicates that Job Edens and Henry Rogers had offered to pay Carter's bail.
Manuscript, [16 January 1861], Confederate spy letter from P.O. Bryan, manager, telegraph office, Washington, D.C., to the Charleston Courier concerns Gov. Francis W. Pickens' order making "Anderson [and] his command subject [to] surveillance [by] post office & other authority" and the "distinction...between official & private letters." The document also alludes to a letter from "Judge Longstreet...demonstrating from his correpsondence with Thompson that [the] latter knew nothing [of] movements of troops south."
Letter, 12 February 1827, of New England poet [William] C[ullen] Bryant (1794-1878), Columbia, to his sister, Miss Louisa C. Bryant, Cummington, Mass., speaks of his attendance at a meeting of the club which "supped at the Merchants Hotel"--"among our guests were some of the most distinguised personages of the place....This is the first institution of the kind in this place & it bids fair to be permanent--we have a goodly number of respectable & active members."
Printed manuscript, 4-5 December 1896, broadside advertisement for an exhibition of "The Petrified Man, Found by W.M. Buff, near Saluda River, five miles north of Columbia, in Lexington County, South Carolina, November 10th, 1895," believed to be a Revolutionary War-era British soldier, with a brief biographical sketch of Buff and list of physicians who "pronounce it a genuine specimen of petrification of the human body."
Forty-four items, 1933-1991 and undated, constitute the South Caroliniana Library's initial holdings on Willie Lee Buffington (1908-1988) and his establishment of the Faith Cabin Libraries in South Carolina and Georgia. Of central importance is an annotated list, ca. 1961, of "Locations of Faith Cabin Library Units." In addition to copies of many feature articles about Buffington and his "ministry of books" which appeared in the popular press for more than fifty years, the collection contains Dan R. Lee's definitive "Faith Cabin Libraries: A Study of an Alternative Library Service in the Segregated South, 1932-1960" (Libraries and Culture, Winter 1991). The collection also includes two earlier academic studies of the movement: "Establishing Libraries as Community Centers in the Colored Schools Sections of the South," a 1937 Connecticut State College research paper by Earnest Hall Buell, and "The Reverend Willie Lee Buffington's Life and Contributions to the Development of Rural Libraries in the South," a 1958 Atlanta University master's thesis by Louise Douglass Carr. The popular appeal of Buffington's project is further evidenced by the inclusion of scripts, with accompanying correspondence, for two radio programs--one a Ted Malone Show, 6 October 1948, and the other a Calvacade of America presentation, "Uncle Eury's Dollar," March 1951, starring Robert Cummings as Buffington.
Letter, 18 February 1849, J[ohn] C[aldwell] Calhoun (1782-1850), Washington, to [Elisha] Mitchell (1793-1857) was written in response to the latter's publication on slavery, The Other Leaf of the Book of Nature and the Word of God. Although Calhoun realized that Mitchell wrote for a Northern audience, he disagreed with Mitchell's interpretation of the "book of nature." Mitchell held that all men are born free of inequalities, but Calhoun believed that man's natural state is in the political and social world--"infants come into it subject only to the inequality & restrictions to which their parents are, but also subject to their control...they acquire by growing to manhood, all that the political institutions of the community allow."
Letter, 24 June 1816, and two manuscript volumes, 14 October [1811] -9 January [1812] and 21 July 1815 - 4 May 1816, written by James Carr, sea captain and shipping merchant of Bangor, Me., are valuable for their observations on the shipping industry and the marked social differences between the North and the South during the early national period. The letter, to Carr's brother Frank, advises that he settle his dispute with Mr. Emerson, a local man. The two volumes are travel journals written as a memoir for Carr's wife to read upon his return. His first voyage was aboard the Camdem which sailed from Bangor to Baltimore. Carr provides observations of ports and sea life as well as many details on the operation of his business. His second voyage, aboard the Mary , took Carr from Bangor to Charleston and then on to Liverpool with a load of sea island cotton. Aside from business matters, Carr records his impressions of Charleston and the surrounding area, South Carolinians and their customs, plantations, agriculture, and slavery. He also includes the words to several slave work songs which gangs used while working on his boat. Expenses incurred during Carr's stay in Charleston and Liverpool are recorded as well.
Broadside advertisement, 24-25 April 1840, "THEATRE. Second and Third Nights of a New Historical Drama! With New Scenery! And a Moving Diorama!...Washington! or The Spirit of '76," with list of players and announcements of forthcoming productions. Printed by Burges & James, Charleston, the broadside bears the following manuscript marginalia--"Triumphantly Successfull!!! Average over 300 a night!!!!"
Two manuscripts, 19 October 1946 and 26 June 1993, attest to Hennig Cohen's political philosophy and interests, including a program from the Southern Negro Youth Congress Cultural Festival with a performance by Paul Robeson at Columbia's Township Auditorium in 1946. A letter of 26 June 1993 explains that the event "was essentially an attempt to organize a leftist supported movement on behalf on the political and social welfare of southern blacks. The times were not auspicious." Cohen attended mainly to hear Robeson and Howard Fast and noted that "several of the blacklisted Hollywood producers and directors" were there and "made a big thing of announcing their plans to make a movie of Howard Fast's Freedom Road, based on Robert Smalls, with Robeson as the star. As far as I know nothing came of it either."
Twenty-one letters, 1846-1861, of the Coker family consist chiefly of correspondence of Anna Maria Coker with her parents, Caleb and H.A.L. Coker, and siblings in Society Hill while Anna was at Limestone Female High School. The school letters describe her studies, piano lessons, and May party events, 1847-1849. Also included are letters, 1853, from Anna Maria to her brother, James L. Coker, an Arsenal Academy cadet in Columbia. That same year Anna and a cousin travelled to New York City where they stayed at the St. Nicholas Hotel which had a "bridal chamber." This special room, Anna noted in a letter of 1 October 1853, was decorated with white satin, white silk, gilt, and a bed "hung with white satin curtains, falling from a golden canopy, over a gilt bedstead, a golden cupid on each corner holds them up," and cost $9,000 to furnish. Another letter of interest, 2 October 1861, from Anna's husband, who was recovering from an illness in Fairfax, Va., notes--"Sunday I walked into the garden, with great difficulty. Monday I struggled out about two hundred yards." In a postscript, James reports having seen the Colonel--"he is improving & looks a great deal better than before his attack. I think you may look for him home a few days after receiving this. His going will be a great privation to me...."
Thirty-seven manuscripts, 1854-1915 and undated, of Charlestonian Arthur G. Cudworth consist chiefly of correspondence from friends and family. A Charleston friend wrote on 21 December 1860 to report that "the `Hall' was crowded to see the Signing of the Ordinance. And the Streets were alive with people. Bonfires etc." Several letters from Abbeville resident Nelson T. Sassard relate personal and local news. Sassard noted, 16 July 1865, that Abbeville was "garrisoned by Negro troops, 1st S.C., Capt. Thompson" but was experiencing little trouble. He later declined a holiday invitation, claiming--"I anticipate considerable trouble about Christmas time among the Freedmen, and do not wish to leave home" (17 December 1865). Writing on 7 October 1868, Sassard complained of "the many murders Negro whipping etc. the Officers of the law not doing their duty," alluded to the murder of "the Hon.l Sneak Jim Martin," and anticipated a "lively time" on election day. Another Abbevillian, writing on 22 October 1868, told of Negroes "revenging the death of Martin and Rudolph--burning up the village--They set Genl. McGowan's place afire night before last and dragged her out and left her in the yard....Last night we had another fire Seal & Lign's Carriage shop was destroyed and an attempt to fire W.H. Parker's stables was made at same time." Other items of interest include an invitation to the 1860 anniversary meeting and banquet of the Le Candeur Lodge in Charleston; a notice of the May 1879 stockholders meeting of the Stono Phosphate Company; an 1896 lease of store space for A.G. Cudworth Harness and Saddlery Company, Meeting Street, Charleston; and eight Charleston voter registration cards for Cudworth, 1883-1915.
Letter, 16 Jan[uar]y 1863, from J.A. Dibble, Orangeburg, to Samuel Dibble, Edisto Rifles, Eutaw Regiment, Wilmington, N.C., notes that Samuel's mother was anxious to hear from him and feared that he was sick and relates rumors that Charleston "will be attacked in less than a week".
Letter, 28 August 1837, of R[ichard] Fuller, Beaufort, to Basil Manly, Charleston, regards Manly's decision to move his ministry to Alabama. Fuller advises, "I tell you plainly it is not, & it cannot be the will of God that you should abandon this State when you enjoy an influence which can only be the finest of talents & integrity long tried & acknowledged, & which is one of the most powerful instruments of doing good--& go into a Land where you are but litte known, & into a station where your ministerial usefulness will be crippled forever." Manly did not heed his friend's plea, but left First Baptist Church, Charleston, and became president of the University of Alabama.
Manuscript, ca. 1861-1865, "Map of Negro Village on the Gibbes Plantation, Ladies Island, S.C.," showing houses and occupants, mill, trees, and crops. Auxiliary information indicates that the map was drawn by John or Charles Worcester of New Hampshire, sons of lexicographer Joseph Emerson Worcester, both of whom served in the 7th New York Volunteers during the Civil War.
Forty-nine posters, 1980-1990, provide a sampling of the cultural life of Charleston and of the visual arts, both fine and commercial, in South Carolina for the decade of the 1980s. Represented in the collection is the work of artists Martha-Elizabeth Ferguson, William Jameson, Steven Jordan, Elizabeth O'Neill Verner; and of photographers I. Wilson Baker, Jack Leigh, Talmadge Lewis, and John M. Moore. Included are images produced by or for such entities as the Charleston Opera Company, the College of Charleston, Drayton Hall, Gibbes Art Gallery, Historic Charleston Foundation, Piccolo Spoleto, South Carolina Shrimpers Association, and the Spoleto Festival.
Letter, 8 July 1789, of Tho[ma]s Grayson, Beaufort, to Jacob Read, Charleston, advises--"All the Writs you left with me are Served, but Mrs. Kirk's." Grayson, sheriff of Beaufort District, also notes that Parker "was in Charleston Goal" but promises to settle all the "Executions" soon.
Printed manuscript, 12 November 1881, gubernatorial proclamation setting aside "Thursday, the 24th Day of November, As a Day of Thanksgiving and Prayer to Almighty God" for a "merciful" year; signed in print by Johnson Hagood.
Letter, 24 September [18]64, from Union soldier W.S. Hatcher, a first lieutenant in the 30th Ohio Volunteers, to Col. Tho[ma]s Jones, advises that he was being held prisoner of war at Charleston, had tried to escape but was not successful, and would not be among the group of prisoners sent to Atlanta for exchange.
Printed manuscript, [1932], advertising DuBose Heyward's novel, Peter Ashley--"Duels, horse races, the St. Cecilia Ball--and Peter Ashley himself, the gallant young South Carolinian, hero of an age of chivalry that has passed forever."
Three manuscript volumes, 1908-1928 and undated, relate to William Andrew Hood's medical practice in Hickory Grove, York County. An account book, 1908-1921, and a 1928 diary record the names of patients and how much each was charged. Hood also kept a pocket notebook with remedies for various ailments and complaints. Accompanying the volumes is an undated photograph of Dr. Hood standing beside his car with his medical bag and an undated essay on unmarried men and women.
Manuscript volume, 1896-1900, 1903, and 1906, of Tho[ma]s J[efferson] Kirkland (1860-1936), Camden native and attorney, purchased from the estate of Gen. J.D. Kennedy and used by Kirkland as a garden journal, the volume contains diagrams, planting lists, and entries on weather and plantings, as well as some personal notes.
Manuscript volume, 1842-1844, 1878 and undated, logbook of Charleston native Roberts Poinsett Lovell, a U.S. Navy lieutenant attached to the sqaudron which cruised the waters off the coast of Brazil. Lovell was the son of Josiah Sturgis and Hannah Frances Poinsett Lovell. Joel Roberts Poinsett had obtained a midshipman's warrant for Roberts Poinsett Lovell in 1833. In addition to ship rosters and duty lists for the U.S.S. Wave, U.S.S. Flirt, and U.S.S. Boston, the logbook contains manuscript poetry and diary entries, 26 December [1843] - 12 November [1844], alluding to military activities as British ships blockaded Brazilian ports in an attempt to enforce a ban on the slave trade. Lovell died aboard the Boston on 7 May 1845 and was buried in the English cemetery at Montevideo. His sister Susan later made use of the volume at a Sunday school for black children sponsored by the Church of the Redeemer, Orangeburg, in 1878.
Letter, postmarked 26 January [1849?], from W[illia]m P[inckney] McBee, Greenville, to his brother, V.A. McBee, Lincolnton, N.C., requests news of the health of his newborn child and wife and reports that the Sons of Temperance, which was organizing a division under W[illia]m B. Leary, "is creating some little excitement." Concerned about a lawsuit filed by the owner of a hotel seeking a liquor license after the town council had voted to grant no more such licenses, William notes that he was "the only one in the council who has any pretension in a legal way & I have very little myself. But the blame in consequence would be thrown on me, for not being acquainted with the construction of the Law."
Eight manuscripts, 12 February 1850 - 20 February 1867 and [ca. 1890s], relate to the McCants family of Fairfield District and document Thomas M. McCants' Confederate military service with Co. D, 6th Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, through such materials as his commission to third lieutenant in the Boyce Guards (25 May 1861). Antebellum papers include a mortgage from George McCants to James B. McCants, 12 February 1850, involving six Negro slaves identified by name and family relationship. In a letter of 3 December 1860, W.W. Herbert of Strother, Fairfield District, addressed Messrs. Woodward, Boyleston, and McCants to curry favor for a proposal to the state legislature that would allow him "to raise a company of mounted men, which shall be independent of all other military organizations...to wage a war upon our enemies upon the principle adopted by the `Swamp Fox.'" Also present is a campaign speech of Ja[me]s Glenn McCants of Winnsboro, ca. 1890s, in which McCants stressed his association with the Democratic Party and the need to retain white supremacy.
Seventy-seven manuscripts, 1827, 1859-1903 and undated, including personal and business correspondence, receipts, and legal documents, relate to Phillip B. McCormick (1831-1872) and family. Although most of the collection pertains to McCormick's time in Robeson County, N.C., he resided in South Carolina for a brief time and served in the First Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, 1861-1862. A letter, 31 July 1861, from John G. Pressley, Kingstree, informs McCormick that another regiment for Hampton's Legion was to be raised and requests his service and assistance. McCormick's discharge is dated Battery Island, 11 April 1862. As evidenced by correspondence, McCormick was seeking employment in the Little Rock, Ark., area by 1868. Shortly thereafter, he was in Alfordsville, N.C., from where he wrote "To all whom it may concern" about a liar who had offended him, 14 December 1868. A probate court document, 14 October 1873, indicates that McCormick died intestate. Among other items of interest is a contract with S.J. Ayres to teach a twelve-week school at Gapway Church, 19 July 1877. Genealogical information on the McCormick and Hutto families accompanies the collection.
Two manuscripts, 10 December 1862 and 18 November 1863, concern the death of Dr. John Milling's slave John. The earlier document, a letter to Maj. J.M. DeSaussure, Columbia, requests that he bring before the legislature Milling's petition for compensation for "a Negro man, who died on Sullivans Island while in service of the State." The later document, an affidavit of Dr. Christopher Fitzsimons, attests that he "attended John the slave of Dr. Milling, who...had been sent down from the upper country to work on the public defences" and died of dysentery contracted on Sullivans Island.
Printed manuscript, ca. 1865, "My Parole. Written in the Interval Between the Surrender of General Lee and General Johnston. By an Old Soldier," broadside poem composed by a Confederate soldier who searches for his former Eden but finds "No tree to mark the place--all waste and desolation there." Instead of seeking vengeance, the poet turns to God who "Restores to life my sick, my dying soul, And takes the sting from my abhor'd parole."
Nine printed manuscripts, 1991-1993, consisting of posters, postal cards, and the exhibit catalog for a retrospective of South Carolina-born artist Otto Neals' work shown at the Association of Caribbean American Artists Art Gallery, Brooklyn, N.Y., September 1993--"My talent as an artist, I believe, comes directly from my ancestors. I am merely a receiver, an instrument for receiving some of those energies that permeate our entire universe, and I give thanks for having been chosen to absorb those artistic forces. I try to paint and sculpt African people, working always to portray those characteristics that are true of their beauty, their power, and their love. We are but shadows of those who have gone before us and before I enter the world of the spirits, I hope by example, to touch a positive nerve in our youth....Beyond art, there is a matter of personal carriage--pride and respect for oneself, one's elders and all others that they may encounter from day to day. [Young people] must realize that they too will someday become an elder and eventually an ancestor."
Manuscript volume, ca. 30 April 1867 - 31 May 1870 and 3 January 1871, minute book of the Newberry Reading Club with names of weekly readers of prose, poetry extracts, and fiction extracts and respective topics and pursuant discussions. The club added once-a-month drama readings in 1868. The minute book also includes a roster of members and attendance records, as well as notes concerning the resignation of W[illia]m Nance, 3 January 1871.
Letter, 21 May 1828, from Benj[ami]n F. Perry, Apalachacola, Fla., to his mother-in-law, Mrs. Mary Hightower, Edgefield District, reports the birth of his daughter Mary and comments on the "Garden Spot of the United States" where he now lived. Perry writes glowingly about the fertility, abundance, and good health of the area. Having recently been joined by his mother and her family from Alabama, Perry attempts to persuade Mrs. Hightower to sell out, move to Florida, and join him in the sugar cane industry. He reports having "about twenty five acres planted in cane this year which I think will be good for Two Thousand Dollars" and notes that "Steamboats run now constantly...about 150 miles above where I live where we will always find a good market for our Sugar and molasses."
Two letters, 15 January [1862] and 11 March 1863, from Union soldier Enos W. Pierce, Port Royal, to his brother, Ezra, and sister, Abarey Jane, give news of his experiences in Port Royal and Georgia. Pierce's earlier letter reports that Union forces had taken ships to Georgia to attack the Rebels--"I think if we dont take some place from the rebels we will go back to Port royal we are now on a small ilent by the name of Cabag some cales it Warsaw wich is right I dont no nor dont car for it is A poor lucking one." The second letter reports the presence of racoons, alligators, porpoises, "wile cats and wild dears and all sizes of snakes and negrows Since I have caim down hear they say that their is painters on theas Islands but I havent saw eney of them yet." Both letters are written on patriotic letterheads.
Letter, 20 September 1867, from Pinckney Brothers, Charleston, to Alfred Ely, Rochester, N.Y., declares--"the worm continues its ravages, and with ever increasing numbers...the third brood of which is out & where they have gained foot hold, are sweeping the fields." The message is appended to an issue of the "Charleston Commercial Circular and Prices Current" of the same date.
Three letters, 4 January 179[9], 22 March 1799, and 4 June 1799 to Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1746-1825), Charleston, from Secretary of State Timothy Pickering, Philadelphia, regard information smuggled out of France during the Revolution. The spy, Matthew Salmon, a mulatto, "said to have been a deputy to the National Convention...has large dispatches from the Directory concealed in tubs with double bottoms inclosed in Rollers of wood," the letter of 4 January 179[9] reports. According to Pickering's letter, 22 March 1799, Pinckney met Salmon's ship in Charleston, took the dispatches and gave in return "three original letters from Bonnet--Pinchinot & the other member of the Council of 500." Pickering then sent Pinckney a letter received from Major Mountflorence, "but all the proper names are in cypher." "I hope you have a corresponding cypher," Pickering wrote, 4 June 1799, "and I beg you to communicate any important information wich the letter may contain."
Printed manuscript, 25 September 1869, circular letter from the Planters' and Mechanics' Bank of So[uth] Ca[rolina], Charleston, signed in print by Daniel Ravenel, president, and addressed to Edward McCrady, requests an assessment from each stockholder to provide cash so that the bank might pay its liabilities--"The resumption of business is deemed not only expedient, but necessary to secure the just value of the assets, and to give life and value to the shares in the market. But resumption of business without money is impossible, and there is no fitter means of procuring money than asking it from the Stockholders themselves, who are the parties chiefly interested."
Two letters, 2 August 1862 and 14 September [18]63, of F[rederick] A[dolphus] Porcher (1809-1888), Charleston, are addressed to his wife in Abbeville County. In the earlier letter, Porcher sympathizes over the death of a child and advises that only time can heal such a wound. He also relates military news, including "indications of the breaking up of the regiment." After admonishing his wife to steel her will for better health, 14 September [18]63, Porcher calls upon her "to reform your opinion of Yankee superiority and Southern Imbecility." Porcher goes on to explain why Confederate troops were removed from Morris Island--"I do not believe that there has been any mismanagement on the part of Genl. Beauregard. The government at Richmond was positive that no attempt would be made against the city and therefor[e] stripped him of his army."
Manuscript, 1 February 1874, deed of land from the Presbyterian Church on Edisto Island, Colleton County, to A.J. Clark in which Clark gave "his house at Edingsville to the Church for a summer Parsonage." The deed is signed by members of the Standing Committee--I. Jenkins Mikell, chairman, Daniel T. Pope, John F. Townsend, and Townsend Mikell.
Two manuscripts, 7 October 1791 and 26 March 1792, of Jacob Reynolds consist of a 1791 contract between Jacob Reynolds and Thomas Mulnick by which Reynolds was employed to build a vessel on Bulls Island and a 1792 affidavit of James Hamilton stating that Reynolds' stay on Bulls Island "was incapacitated from working the greatest part of the time by sickness & drinking to excess".
Three letters, undated, added to the papers of William Gilmore Simms (1806-1870) include a letter of introduction for William Cullen Bryant in which Simms requests South Carolina College professor W[illia]m H. Ellett to give Bryant a "peep at our rural life" (17 March no year). In another letter, Simms forwards Park Benjamin a poem for publication in his magazine. Simms describes the poem as "much more bombast than poetry" and advises--"see that you publish it anonymously if you publish it at all." The third letter is a request for a publication from Carey & Hart, Philadelphia (6 August no year).
Manuscript, 24 March 1878, petition drafted in response to legislative changes in the governance of South Carolina Agricultural College and Mechanics' Institute from Claflin University to the University of South Carolina. The petitioners request the board of trustees, through Gov. Wade Hampton, not to appoint the Rev. Edward Cooke as president of the school, claiming that Cooke's administration at Claflin University had been unpopular, that he did not respect African-Americans as a race, and that he did not "have the interest of our youth at heart." The petition was unsuccessful, and Cooke was appointed president of the college.
Printed manuscript, 17 October 1861, South Carolina College Cadet Company Committee circular letter advising members of an assessment to help repay a loan from the Rev. R.W. Barnwell for their trip to defend Ft. Sumter in April. Committee members included Augustine T. Smythe, William Kirk, Jos[eph] J. Fripp, Langdon Bowie, Tho[ma]s P. Moore, and R.M. Anderson.
Printed manuscript, 25 December 1877, from the Spartanburg Herald, a poem, "Carrier's Address," expressing holiday cheer and describing the town and its organizations.
Printed manuscript, 11 September 1844, circular letter from F[rancis] Sumter "To the Voters of Sumter District," was distributed during his campaign for the House of Representatives. The letter outlines Sumter's stance on certain political issues such as general elections of governor, president, vice-president, and electors, judicial tenure, and tariffs. Concerning tariffs, Sumter advises--"The bold and fraudulent usurpations of the favored class of manufacturers, must speedily be arrested, at all and every hazard."
Three manuscripts, 22 July 1863, ca. 1863, and July 1865, of J[ohn] D. Warren (d. 1885), Walterboro, concern damage done to Warren's plantation on Ashepoo Neck by Confederate forces under the command of Maj. R.J. Jefford in 1862. In a letter of 22 July 1863 to Robert Chisholm, Warren offers advice on seeking payment for losses caused by military occupation and describes the devastation wrought on his own lands. An affidavit, ca. 1863, gives additional details about the damage done to Warren's property, including accusations of "killing my Cattle clandestinely." "At one time," Warren reported, "they went in my Cow pen and cut steaks out of the Cattle and turned them loose in that condition" in addition to pillaging the main house, breaking furniture, and razing several outbuildings. Warren removed his male Negroes for safety but the remaining women and children were "seized and forcibly removed and sent to Walterboro Jail". Also present is an 1865 contract form for freed persons, indicating provisions and crop disbursement.
Souvenir ribbon, undated, from the "Reunion of Washington Artillery, 1844, Walters Battery, 1861, Harts Battery, 1861, at Blackville, S.C.," with an attached pendant depicting the banner of Hampton's Legion, Washington Artillery, and the Confederate battle flag.
Letter, 8 December [18]61, of N[elson] Whitney, a member of the 45th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. Welsh's Regiment, was written "on B[oa]rd the Cosmopolitan," a side-wheeler steamer en route to Port Royal from New York, and addressed to "Dear Sue." The letter relates stories of seasickness, the sighting of scores of "wild sea hogs" or porpoises, provisions while at sea, and a description of Port Royal Sound and the Union boats assembled there. Whitney also mentions Otter Island and the division of land, livestock, crops, and farming utensils among the Union soldiers. Accompanying the letter are copies from the Compiled Service Records regarding Whitney's Union military service.
Seven items, 1992, added to the papers of Joanne Woodward consist of Woodward's and Paul Newman's personal copies of ceremonial items--programs, invitations, tickets--from the Kennedy Center Honors celebration, 5-6 December, during which they and four other performing artists were honored.
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