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SOUTH CAROLINIANA LIBRARY
MANUSCRIPTS DIVISION

South Carolina Council on Human Relations

Records, 1934-1976


Volume: 52.5 linear feet (42 cartons)

Annex (Materials stored offsite; advance notification required).

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Background

South Carolina Council on Human Relations (SCCHR) played a key role in fostering better living and social conditions for African-Americans and promoting racial harmony within South Carolina and the South generally. Its archives document the movement for civil rights within South Carolina during the twentieth century.


Beginnings
The Council's history dates to the formation in 1919 of the South Carolina Committee on Interracial Cooperation. This committee later became the South Carolina Division of the Southern Regional Council (SRC), a national organization formed to promote civil rights. The South Carolina Council on Human Relations was formed in 1957 as an affiliate of the SRC. As did its predecessor organizations, the Council evolved over time, responding to changes in South Carolina society and the perception by Council's leadership of its role and mission.


Reorganization: 1960s and 1970s
In 1963 the Council severed its formal affiliation with the SRC and became an independent body. The bylaws adopted at that time stated its mandate: "to carry on...an educational program for the improvement of educational, economic, civic, and racial conditions in the state in an endeavor to promote greater unity in South Carolina...." It was a small but vigorous organization engaged in a number of programs. An undated descriptive flyer notes: "The Council serves as an alert `seeing-eye' and information and distribution center, and provides sounding-board, clearing-house, and rallying-point functions."

By 1974 the Council had witnessed dramatic change both in South Carolina and in the work it was attempting. Its new role was to attack "the unfair and discriminatory distribution of income, wealth and privilege" and to promote basic human rights such as "health, equal opportunity, a decent standard of living, dissent, effective and progressive education, freedom of information and protection from political oppression." This platform did not generate the support necessary to maintain a viable organization, and in 1975 the Council was dissolved.

The Council was a true statewide organization. Its headquarters was located in Columbia; local affiliates existed at various times in Aiken, Charleston, Clemson, Columbia, Florence, Greenville, Rock Hill, and other smaller communities; and a council involving college students was established in 1960. At its peak the SCCHR numbered approximately three thousand members.


Programs
The organization sought to carry out its mission through a variety of programs. Long term programs studied criminal justice, education, economics and employment, welfare, and voter participation. However, a significant contribution was also made by the Council's role as a resource center, liaison for persons interested in human rights, and proponent of and recruiter for human rights. For example, an early impact was achieved by its hosting of bi-racial annual meetings. The solicitation of members, particularly during its early history, was aggressive. If a sympathetic letter appeared on the editorial page of a small newspaper in the state its author might receive a warm letter from Executive Director Alice Spearman applauding the person's views, pointing out similarities between these views and the Council's credo, and inviting the individual to become an active member of the Council.


Officers and Members
The history of the Council is also the history of its membership and officers. From 1955 to its dissolution in 1975 the Council had only three executive directors. Alice Norwood Spearman Wright (1902-1989), served as Recording Secretary beginning in January 1954 and became Executive Director in January 1955. She held that position until her retirement in September 1967. Alice Spearman (she would marry Marion Wright in 1970) led the Council through the crucible of civil rights.

Spearman's successor, Paul Matthias (b. 1938), was a young Methodist minister. His tenure lasted from 1967 through June 1974. Matthias guided the Council through a difficult period of transition in which it attempted to adapt to the changing climate of racial relations in South Carolina. In June 1973 the Council adopted the name South Carolina Council for Human Rights. In a news release, Council president Theo Mitchell stated this action was intended to "reflect a fundamental change that had already taken place in the nature and direction of our organization" and noted that the Council was directing its "efforts toward the elimination of social and economic injustice in our state." New Council programs emphasized the study of the criminal justice and penal systems, welfare programs, and other social needs.

By 1974 human rights councils remained active in only five states: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, and South Carolina. Paul Matthias resigned in June 1974, and a divisive dispute between the Board and the Executive Committee erupted over the selection of his successor. Lawrence J. Toliver (b. 1943) eventually assumed the directorship. Toliver, an African-American, had previously served the Council as head of its Administration of Justice program. The Council continued to experience difficulties in maintaining its membership and attracting funding. By 1975 the local Columbia council had ceased to function and membership in the South Carolina Council hovered near five hundred, down almost two-thirds from the 1970 total. In June 1975 Toliver resigned, and shortly thereafter the state council was dissolved. At least one local council continued to operate for a time.

Other principals in the Council included presidents Marion Wright, 1945; James McBride Dabbs, ca. 1947 to 1951; Courteney Siceloff, 1958 to 1960; Mordecai Johnson, 1971; Theo Mitchell, 1973; and Ed Beardsley, 1974. Other staff included Leonidas S. James (1892-1973), an African-American who headed the Rural Advocacy Program from February 1963 to December 1969 and was employed jointly with the National Sharecroppers Fund for at least part of that time; Elizabeth Cowan Ledeen (d. 1969) who held a variety of Council positions through the 1960s; and associate directors James Thomas McCain (b. 1905), whose service began in 1955, and Ed McSweeney, who served during the 1970s and left the Council in 1974.


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Scope and Content

The collection consists of 52.5 linear feet of papers, 1934 to 1976. Its arrangement reflects the organization and programs of the Council and, wherever possible, the original organization of the records by the Council. Six series exist within the collection: Administrative records, Program Files, Topical Files, Clippings, Audio-Visual Material, and Miscellany. There is, by necessity, some overlap among the records filed in related sub-series.

Administrative Records General administrative papers consist principally of correspondence which documents the day-to-day activities of the Council and its leadership. Minutes of meetings, agendas, and other records are present for Council's Board of Directors and Executive Committee. Records regarding local councils consist mainly of correspondence and mailings. The student council, established in 1960, played a significant role in Council affairs and the integration of South Carolina's schools of higher education. Records relating to councils of other states consist chiefly of mailings and reports received by the SCCHR.

Conference records relate to a variety of conferences and workshops held throughout the country regarding human rights, such as Fisk University's Institute on Race Relations, documented here by records dating from 1955 to 1967.

Reports contain the regular reports submitted by Council officers to the Southern Regional Council, as well as progress reports submitted by Council staff to their supervisors, and provide important information on the activities of the Council.

A significant amount of material documents the programs, activities and influence of the Southern Regional Council. Of particular note are annual reports, 1957 to 1975. (The SRC's archives are held by the Robert Woodruff Library at Emory University and are available on microfilm. "New South," the journal of the SRC, is available in the South Caroliniana Library's Book Division.)

Financial papers include membership records as well as reports and other financial records of the Council. Name lists were probably compiled as aids in soliciting new members.


Program files, Program files document the main work of the Council. Programs included: Criminal Justice, Economics and Employment, Education, Housing, Operation Gratitude, Institute for Government Officials, Religion, Rural Advancement, Voting, and Welfare.

Criminal Justice files relate chiefly to the Council's program on the Administration of Justice, 1970 to 1974. Related activities included studies of the Law Enforcement Assistance Act (LEAA), Parole, Prosecutorial Discretion, and Sentencing. In 1974, the Council published Sentencing and the Law and Order Syndrome, a critical analysis of the sentencing practices of South Carolina judges. The publication was one of the primary achievements of this program and present in the collection are questionnaires, correspondence, and other records compiled in the study. Council's study of the penal system resulted in the creation of topical files documenting the South Carolina Department of Corrections, the Central Correctional Institute, Richland County Jail, and the organization Black Corrections Officers, which became affiliated with Blacks United for Action in June 1972. The Council also worked to assist the families and friends of inmates and founded, ca. January 1973, the South Carolina Association for Improved Justice, whose work is documented within the collection.

Economics and Employment was a perennial concern of the Council. Its efforts in this area were linked to the Rural Advocacy Program, whose records are maintained as a separate sub-series and described below. Many early job training programs supported by the council were aimed at retraining the rural poor for jobs in an increasingly industrial society. In May 1971 the Council published Black Employment In Selected Agencies of South Carolina State Government. This study documented discrimination in employment and promotion.

Education was another area of grave concern to the Council. It supported the desegregation of South Carolina schools at all levels and served as a source of information for other supporters of desegregation. In 1965 and 1966 the Council was involved in a Head Start program in which in Dillon County alone some four hundred pre-schoolers were enrolled. Head Start programs were intended to benefit local economies as well as helping children further their educations.

The Student Program for Educational and Economic Development for Underprivileged People (Speed-Up) was established in 1966 as a joint effort of the SCCHR and its Student Council. Speed-Up was a tutoring and community development program which utilized students from South Carolina colleges to work with the poor for eight to ten weeks during the summer. A one-year demonstration grant from the Office of Economic Opportunity funded the program from June 1966 through June 1967. Students from twenty colleges worked in thirteen counties across the state. Each community was required to solicit the program and provide an advisory committee to assist in the work in that community. Programs included tutoring of children, adult education, recreation, and college preparation.

Topical files located within the education sub-series include records on individual schools such as Benedict College, organizations such as Columbians For Quality Education, and issues such as the financing of education.

The Council also concerned itself with fair housing and the provision of adequate housing for the poor. As a result of this interest, the Columbia council published the Columbia Tenants' Handbook, which described tenants' rights under the law.

In October 1974 the Council sponsored a three-day Institute for Government designed to educate and orient elected and appointed officials, candidates for office, and community leaders about their obligations and the resources available to them to assist their constituents.

Operation Gratitude was inaugurated late in 1968 to assist Vietnam veterans returning to civilian life in finding employment and housing, and with educational opportunities. Papers, 1968 to ca. 1971, document this effort.

Religious institutions played a critical role in effecting change in human relations in the South. The papers grouped together under Religion, 1941 to 1974, document this. Of particular interest is a topical file relating to the dispute, 1955 to 1956, between the Rev. George Jackson Stafford, minister of the First Baptist Church of Batesburg, and George Bell Timmerman, Sr., and other members of the congregation. The dispute centered on remarks Stafford made in private in support of integration and resulted in Stafford's resignation.

The Rural Advancement Program (RAP) concerned itself with all aspects of rural life. Its records, of necessity, overlap with some other program areas. RAP was inspired by the perception that this was a transitional period for agriculture, with many small farmers leaving or being forced from farming to move into the industrial labor force. Adult education was viewed as a necessity to train displaced farmers for work in an increasingly industrial society. Farmers also composed a large segment of the poor, and RAP and Welfare records include significant overlap, particularly as regards nutrition and poverty. RAP files contain correspondence, reports, grant proposals and reports, and other material. Information relating to the South Carolina Commission for Farm Workers, Inc., includes minutes and correspondence, 1966 to 1974.

Voter registration and participation was critically important to the success of the civil rights movement. In 1963 and 1964 the SRC sponsored the Voter Education Project (VEP) in South Carolina. In 1965 that project was replaced by the South Carolina Voter Education Project, a federation of independent organizations concerned with voter registration, civic education, and participation in voting by South Carolina's black population. The Council was an active member of VEP. Voting records document these programs and other Council efforts to further voter participation.

Welfare covers a broad area of social concerns and services. Five linear feet of papers, 1945 to 1975, document the Council's interest in such areas as food stamps, school lunch and other nutritional programs, health care, and poverty. Many Council publications address welfare issues. Keeping The Poor In Their Place was published in 1972 and concerned food stamp programs in South Carolina. A Legal Labyrinth, 1974, was the result of a three year study of poverty and public welfare programs in South Carolina. Questionnaires received from sixty-nine welfare workers and officials in fourteen counties responding about the quality and form of their aid are included in the collection.

In 1969 the Council conducted a statewide survey to determine whether school lunches were both universally available and provided without prejudice. The Council was concerned that many schools throughout the state were negligent in not aggressively utilizing the federal funds which the United States Department of Agriculture and the state Department of Education had earmarked for that purpose. The survey responses and results are present in this series. Other records document the Child Development Program. This program, established in 1971, was renamed the Citizen's Center for Effective Feeding in 1972. The program was funded at least in part by the Community Nutrition Institute, on whose board Paul Matthias served.


Topical Files
Topical files contain information on a variety of subjects and organizations.

Clippings

The Council maintained an extensive file of newspaper and magazine clippings for their own reference needs. These were chiefly drawn from South Carolina newspapers. The clippings have been arranged in a manner similar to the Council's other papers.


Audiovisual material

Audio-Visual material includes sound recordings made by the Council of meetings and interviews, plus a small number of photographs. Of particular interest are recordings of interviews, ca. August 1974, with finalists for the position of Executive Director, including Lawrence Toliver and David Landholt. Both men were offered the position. A list of questions and notes on responses are located in the Administrative Series (Staff, Executive Director Search, 1974). Also present are miscellaneous photographs and a recording of remarks by Dr. Lucius Holsey Pitts, President, Miles College, Birmingham, Ala., before the Council, 19 February 1967.


Miscellany

Miscellaneous files are broken down into three sub-series: General, Calendars, and Reference Material. General, ca. 1950 to 1975, consists chiefly of notes of Alice Spearman Wright. Calendars are daily appointment logs of Alice Spearman Wright and other staff members dating chiefly from 1958 to 1967. Reference Material, 1943 to 1971, consists of handouts, pamphlets and books regarding human relations collected and disseminated by the Council.


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Container List

Collection Inventory:
Administrative filesBoxes 1-15
GeneralBoxes 1-7
Local ChaptersBoxes 9-10
Student ChapterBox 10
Councils, Other StatesBox 10
ConferencesBox 10
Southern Regional CouncilBoxes 11-13
FinancesBoxes 13-15
Program FilesBoxes 16-30
Criminal JusticeBoxes 16-19
Economics and EmploymentBox 19
EducationBoxes 19-23
HousingBoxes 23-24
Operation GratitudeBox 24
Political Institute for Government OfficialsBox 24
ReligionBox 24
Rural AdvancementBoxes 25-26
VotingBox 26
WelfareBoxes 26-29
MiscellaneousBox 30
Reference MaterialBox 30
Topical FilesBoxes 30-34
ClippingsBoxes 35-40
Audio-Visual RecordsBox 41
MiscellanyBox 42


Contents List:
............................................Box 1
Administrative Files:                                    
    General:
       1934 - July 1957

............................................Box 2
       Aug. 1957 - Mar. 1962                                

............................................Box 3
       Apr. 1962 - July 1966                               

............................................Box 4
       Aug. 1966 - Oct. 1969                                

............................................Box 5
       Nov. 1969 - Aug. 1972                               

............................................Box 6
       Sept. 1972 - Apr. 1974                               

............................................Box 7
       May 1974 - 1975 & n.d.                           

     Advocacy Program (for Admin. of Justice & Welfare):
       Proposals, 1970-1974
       Progress Reports, 1971-1972

     Annual Meeting Records:
       1943, 1946-1958


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............................................Box 8 Administrative Files: (continued) General:(continued) 1959-1974 & n.d. Annual Reports, 1962-1972 & n.d. Board of Directors Records: 1945-1975 & n.d. Bylaws, 1947-1974 & n.d. Dissolution, Sept. 1975 Executive Committee, 1948-1975 & n.d. Litigation Reports Nominating Committee Officer Rosters, 1948-1974 & n.d.
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............................................Box 9 Administrative Files: (continued) General:(continued) Program Committee, 1957-1974 Publications Self-Study, 1974-1975 Staff: General, 1957-1975 Biographical Information on administrative staff Executive Director: Reports, 1954-1975 (monthly, quarterly, and daily logs) Searches, 1967, 1974-1975 Executive Assistant (under various titles also including Associate Director, Assistant Director and Administrative Assistant): Reports, 1955-1957, 1965-1975 Program/Extension Director, Reports, 1964-1967 (Elizabeth Ledeen working with Student Council, various committees, and local councils) Misc. Reports, 1962-1971 Misc. Applications Local Chapters: General Aiken, 1963-1970 Anderson, 1966-1971 Charleston, 1965-1971 Clemson, 1961-1975 Columbia (Richland County), 1947-1974
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............................................Box 10 Administrative Files: (continued) Local Chapters: (continued) Florence, 1955-1971 Greenville, 1957-1966 Greenwood, 1969-1974 Hartsville, 1966-1972 Horry, 1970 Marion, 1968-1970 North Augusta, 1970-1974 Orangeburg Rock Hill, 1954-1970 Spartanburg, 1957-1974 Sumter, 1958-1970 Student Council, 1960-1969 & n.d. Councils, Other States: General Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Louisiana Mississippi North Carolina Tennessee Texas (Houston) Virginia West Virginia Conferences: Challenge '65, Wake Forest, 1965 Citizenship Workshop, 1959 Institute on Human Relations, Valpariaso Univ., 1957, 1959 Institute on Race Relations, Fisk University: 1955-1959 1961
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............................................Box 11 Administrative Files: (continued) Conferences: (continued) Institute on Race Relations, Fisk University: (continued) 1962 1965-1966 1967 n.d. Leadership Conference, Penn Conference Center, 1958 Penn Conference Center: 1959 1963 Racial Revolution in Christian Perspective, Columbia, 1966 Regional Laboratory For Community Leadership Development, Atlanta, 1969 South Carolina Council on Human Relations: Joint Conference with Georgia Council, 1964 Open Meeting, Columbia, Nov., 1955 Workshop, Columbia, 1956 Misc. Southern Regional Council: General: 1940-1948 1949-1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960-1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 (2 folders) 1967 (2 folders) 1968 (2 folders) 1969 (2 folders)
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............................................Box 12 Administrative Files: (continued) Southern Regional Council: (continued) General: (continued) 1970 (2 folders) 1971 1972 (2 folders) 1973 1974 1975 (2 folders) 1976 n.d. (5 folders) Annual Meeting, 1972-1975 Annual Reports, 1957-1975 Newsletter: General, 1956-1972 Clipped and Noted, 1975-1976 Field Activities, 1966-1968 Program, 1972-1975 Special Reports, 1959-1964
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............................................Box 13 Administrative Files: (continued) Southern Regional Council: (continued) Newsletter: (continued) Publications Finances: General: 1944-1947 1948-1952 1954 1955 (2 folders) 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 (2 folders) 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 (2 folders) 1967
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............................................Box 14 Administrative Files: (continued) Finances: (continued) General: (continued) 1968 1969 1970 1971 (2 folders) 1972 (2 folders) 1973 (4 folders) 1974 1975 n.d. Name Lists: folders 1-6
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............................................Box 15 Administrative Files: (continued) Finances: (continued) Name Lists: (continued) folders 7-8 Membership Forms: 1969 1970 1973 1974 Note Cards (re Prospective Members?), n.d.
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............................................Box 16 Program Files: Criminal Justice: General: 1946-1967 1970-1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 & n.d. Reports, 1971-1975 Programs: L.E.A.A.: 1971 (2 folders) c.1971 1972 1973 1974 & n.d. L.E.A.P.: "Hard Times" Study, 1972 Parole: 1971-1974 n.d.
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............................................Box 17 Program Files: (continued) Criminal Justice: (continued) Prosecutorial Discretion, c. 1974 Sentencing: General, 1973-1975: Clerks of Court Courtroom Behavior Drafts Notes, 1971, 1973 & n.d. Topical: Allston Wilkes Society, 1964-1973 American Correctional Association Black Corrections Officers/Blacks United For Action Capital Punishment Carolina Community Law Firm Citizen's For Modernization of S.C. Courts, 1972 Commission For The Dev.t of People Through Justice, 1970 Governor's Com. on Crim. Admin. and Juvenile Delinquency, 1971-1974 & n.d. Inmate Case Mail: 1971-May, 1973
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............................................Box 18 Program Files: (continued) Criminal Justice: (continued) Topical: (continued) Inmate Case Mail: (continued) 1973, July-1975 Juvenile Delinquency, 1969-1974 Legal Aid Omnibus Crime Act, 1971-1972 Rehabilitation Study, 1971 Richland County Jail South Carolina Adult Corrections Study, 1973 South Carolina Assoc. for Improved Justice, 1972-1973 South Carolina Center for Reformative Law South Carolina Department of Corrections: General, 1970-1974 & n.d. Central Correctional Institute Misc. Reference Material folders 1-3
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............................................Box 19 Program Files: (continued) Criminal Justice: (continued) Reference Material (continued) folder 4 Economics and Employment: General: 1951-1961 1962-1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968-1969 1970 1971 1972-1974 1975 & n.d. n.d. Topical: Employment in State Government Survey, 1971 Equal Employment Opportunity Migrants Textile Industry Reference Material Education: General: 1936, 1944-1953 1954-1955 1956-1960 1961-1962
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............................................Box 20 Program Files: (continued) Education: (continued) General: (continued) 1963 1964 1965 1966, 2 folders 1967 1968 1969, 2 folders 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974-1975 n.d., 3 folders Programs: Head Start: General: 1965, 2 folders 1966-1969 n.d. Counties: Bamberg
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............................................Box 21 Program Files: (continued) Education: (continued) Programs: (continued) Head Start: (continued) Counties: (continued) Barnwell Berkeley Clarendon Dillon Dorchester Greenville Horry Laurens Lee Marion Saluda Union Training Program Speed Up: General: 1966: Jan.-Mar. Apr. May June 1-13 June 16-30 July Aug. Sept. Oct.-Dec. 1967-1970 n.d., 2 folders Community Survey Questionnaires Community Worker Forms Counties: Abbeville Aiken-Bamberg Charleston Darlington Florence-Newberry Oconee-Pickens Orangeburg-Rock Hill Sumter York
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............................................Box 22 Program Files: (continued) Education: (continued) Programs: (continued) Speed Up: (continued) Finance: General Payroll Travel and Housing Grant Proposals: 1966: Mar. Apr. July Oct. Negro History Newsletters Rolls of Children Staff: General Student Applications (4 folders) Supply Requisitions Termination Evaluations Tutoring Manuals Volunteer Reports Misc. Topical Files [re Education]: Adult, 1946-1964 & n.d. Citizens for Quality Education, 1970-1971 Colleges and Universities: Benedict College, 1959-1975 Claflin College, 1962 Converse College Lander College Voorhees College Columbians For Quality Education, 1968-1969 Compulsory Attendance, 1963-1969 Discipline Dropouts Emergency School Assistance Program, 1971-1976 Employment workshop, Benedict College, 1960 Finance, 1969, 1972, 1975
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............................................Box 23 Program Files: (continued) Education: (continued) Topical Files [re Education]: (continued) Kindergartens Newberry County, 1946- c.1952 Remedial Training and Individual Study Project, c. 1966 Seneca Jr. College Proposal, 1959 Student Protests: Orangeburg, 1968 Voorhees, 1969 Technical Education: General Special Training for Economic Progress (STEP), 1964-1967 Training for Tomorrow (T-Square), 1966-1969 Walk-In School Reference (5 folders) Housing: General: 1948-1966 1967 1968-1969 1970-1971 1972 1973-1974 1975 & n.d. Topical: Camp Fornance, c.1967-1972 General, c. 1967-1972 Development Committee, 1968 [missing 3/28/92] Columbia Tenants' Handbook, Columbia Council on Human Relations, n.d. Columbians for Fair Housing, 1970 Richland Housing Foundation, 1967-1968
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............................................Box 24 Program Files: (continued) Housing: (continued) Reference Material Operation Gratitude, 1968-1969 Political Institute for Government Officials: July-Aug. 1974 Sept. 1974 Oct. 1974- Mar. 1975 Religion: General: 1941-1954 1955 1956-1957 1958-1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969-1974 n.d. Baptist Church, First, Batesburg, 1955-1956 National Council of the Churches of Christ, 1953-1965 United Church Women, 1956-1969 Reference (4 folders)
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............................................Box 25 Program Files: (continued) Rural Advancement: Reports: 1963-Nov. 1966 Dec. 1966-1967 1968-1969 General: 1956-1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 (2 folders) 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 n.d. National Advisory Commission on Food and Fiber, 1966 National Sharecroppers Fund: 1961-1967 1968-1974 & n.d. South Carolina Commission for Farm Workers, Inc.: 1966-1969 1970 1971
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............................................Box 26 Program Files: (continued) Rural Advancement: (continued) South Carolina Commission for Farm Workers, Inc.: (continued) 1972, 1974 VISTA Reference Material Voting: General: 1950-1962 1963-1964 1965: Jan.- July Aug.- Oct. Nov.- Dec. 1966: Jan.- Apr. May- Aug. Sept.- Dec. 1967: Jan.- Aug. Sept.- Oct. Nov.- Dec. 1968: Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.- May June- Aug. Sept. Oct.- Nov. Dec. 1969 1970-1971 1972-1975 n.d. Voter Education Project Newsletter, 1963-1972 Reference Material (2 folders) Welfare: Reports: General, 1971-1975 Child Development Program, 1971-1972 General: 1945-1956 1957-1969
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............................................Box 27 Program Files: (continued) Welfare: (continued) General: (continued) 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 & n.d. Aged: 1960-1971 1972 1972 1973 & n.d. Aid For Dependent Children (AFDC): 1969-1972 1973-1974 & n.d. Questionnaires County Welfare Board Study: 1974 1974 1974 1974 Day Care, 1964-1974 Foster Care: General, 1971-1974
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............................................Box 28 Program Files: (continued) Welfare: (continued) Foster Care: (continued) Questionnaires: Information on Children Information on Parents, 2 folders Information on Staff, 3 folders Reports (drafts) Greenville County Council for Community Action, Inc., 1971 Health: General: 1957-1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 & n.d. Brown Lung Disease Health Forum: 1968-1970 1971 1971 cont.-1974 & n.d. Medical Questionnaire, Needs of the Poor, 1972
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............................................Box 29 Program Files: (continued) Welfare: (continued) Health: (continued) Mid-Carolina Mental Health Association Parasites, 1972-1973 Midlands Welfare Rights Organization, 1972-1974 Nutrition: General: 1966-1969 1970-1971 1972 1973 1974 & n.d. Citizen's Center For Effective Feeding Community Nutrition Institute Food Stamps: 1967-1971 1972 1973-1975 n.d. (2 folders) School Lunches: General: 1968-1969 1970 1971 1972-1974 & n.d. Statewide Statistics, 1971-1973 Survey, c. 1969: Results Responses: Abbeville-Clarendon
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............................................Box 30 Program Files: (continued) Welfare: (continued) Nutrition: (continued) School Lunches: (continued) Survey, c. 1969: (continued) Responses: (continued) Dillon-Lexington McCormick-Richland Spartanburg-York Poverty, 1964-1972 & n.d. South Carolina Welfare Coalition, 1972-1975 Welfare Monitoring Project, 1971-1972: General Lee County, 1971 Marlboro County, 1971 Richland County, 1971 State Agencies, 1971 Misc. Interviews: 1971 1972 n.d. Miscellaneous Reference Material: General Aged Health Nutrition Poverty Topical Files: Africa '75: 1974-19 Feb. 1975 20 Feb.-14 Mar. 1975 15 Mar.-Apr. 1975 American Civil Liberties Union: 1955-1965 1967-1970 1971-1973 1974 & n.d. American Friends Service Committee: 1954-June 1965 July 1965-1973
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............................................Box 31 Topical Files: (continued) American Friends Service Committee: (continued) n.d. American Freedom Association, 1961-1972 Association of Human Relations Council Directors: 1968 1969-1972 1973-1974 Beginning of a New Thing (BONT), 1974-1975 Bibliographies (4 folders) Bicentennial: General, 1973-1975 Gateway, 1974-1975 Slave Museum, Charleston, 1974 Black Council For Progress, 1973 Black Star Project, Berkeley Co., 1972, 1975 Blacks United For Action, 1969-1975 Boy Scouts of America, 1953, 1959 Camping, 1949-1955 Carolina Theater, Columbia, Reports, 1972 Charleston Hospital Strike, 1969 Charleston Interracial Committee, 1956 Children Christian Action Council, 1955-1973 & n.d. Citizen Committee of Charleston Co., 1959, 1961 Citizens Consultation on Urban Problems, 2 May 1963 Citizens Councils and Other Pro-segregation Organizations Citizen's Design for Progress, Columbia, 1964-1965 Coastal Plains Human Development Coordinating Council: 1970-1972 1973 1974-1975 n.d. Coastal Plains Regional Commission, 1969-1973 Columbia Urban League: 1967-1968 1969-1974 Columbia Urban Service Center, 1970-1972 Common Cause Communications Industry: General WNOK, Columbia Communism Community Development Co. Community Leadership Training Community Uplift, 1968 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) Council For Social Planning, Columbia, 1947 Crusade For Citizenship, 1959 Crusade for Freedom Desegregation: Parks, 1962-1964 Sit-Ins Survey, 1963 Emancipation Day Energy
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............................................Box 32 Topical Files: (continued) Episcopal Society for Cultural and Racial Unity Friendship Center, Columbia Georgia Good Samaritan-Waverly Hospital, Columbia, 1955-1957 Governor's Advisory Commission on Human Relations Grass Roots League Greater Columbia Forum Highlander Folk School, Monteagle, TN John Birch Society Junior League Ku Klux Klan Leadership Conference on Civil rights, 1967-1971 League of Women Voters National Assoc. for the Advancement of Colored People: 1947-1957 1958-1965 1966-1975 National Assoc. of Intergroup Relations Officials, 1956-1971 National Association of Human Rights Workers, 1974 National Association of Social Workers, S. C. Chapter, 1972 Nat.l Committee To Abolish The House Un-American Activities Committee National Council of Negro Women, 1955-1975 North Carolina North Carolina Fund Penn Community Services: 1957-1960 1961-1962 1963-1966 1967-1968 1969-1970 1971 1972
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............................................Box 33 Topical Files: (continued) Penn Community Services: (continued) 1973 n.d. Persons: Campbell, Will D., 1966-1967 Culbertson, John Bolt Dabbs, James McBride De Lee, Victoria Gomillion, Charles Goode, 1959-1960 Johnson, Lyndon Baines King, Martin Luther, c.1959-c.1966 Leevy, Isaac Samuel Mackiewicz, Clem, 1971-1974 Mizell, Hayes: 1966-1970 1971-1975 Pitts, Lucius Holsey Travelstead, Chester C., 1955 Topical Files: (continued) Political Awareness League of South Carolina, 1973 Politics, General, 1957-1975 Public Voice, 1972-1975 Revenue Sharing Richland County Citizens Committee, Inc., c. 1964, 1971 Salkehatchie Community Action Council Save Our Community Club, Columbia Scholarship, Education and Defense Fund for Racial Equality, c. 1966-1967 Sex Discrimination Topical Files: (continued) South Carolina: Association of Community Action Agencies Commission on Human Relations Conference of Social Work, 1947-1959 Coordinating Council of Negro Organizations, c. 1959 Council For The Common Good, 1948, 1960 Council of Social Work Council on Family Relations, 1966 Democratic Party, c. 1942-1972 Department of Social Services Federation of Colored Women's Clubs Federation of Women's Clubs: 1945-c.1960 1947-1972 (scrapbook) Interracial Committee Public Interest Research Group State Advisory Committee, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights: 1958-1969 1970 1972-1973 State Human Affairs Commission Task Force For Community Uplift, 1967-1969 Women's Council for the Common Good, 1948-1950 Topical Files: (continued) Southern: Christian Leadership Conference: 1959-1963 1964-1969 & n.d.
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............................................Box 34 Topical Files: (continued) Southern: (continued) Conference Educational Fund: 1947-1965 1972-1974 & n.d. Negro Youth Congress, 1947 Topical Files: (continued) Student Organizing Committee, 1964-1968 Student Movement: General Study, c. 1962 Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee Students For A Democratic Society Tuskegee Institute United Citizens Party United Community Services, 1968-1969 [missing, 12/31/92] United Nations Topical Files: (continued) United States: Commission on Civil Rights: 1954-1968 1964-1968 1969-1974 & n.d. Department of Health, Education and Welfare National Student Association Topical Files: (continued) Urban Issues Urban League Valparaiso University Institute on Human Relations, 1957, 1959 Vietnam War: General Conscientious Objection White House Conference: To Fulfill These Rights, 1966 Women's Rights World Understanding Conference YM & YWCA: 1948-1959 1960-1972
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............................................Box 35 Clippings: Administrative, Human Relations Councils, 1963-1974 (inc.g SRC, SCCHR, etc.) Program: Criminal Justice: General, 1956-1975 Allston Wilkes Society Chain Gangs, 1967, 1973 Greenville County Jail Juvenile Delinquency Law Enforcement Assistance Program, 1971-1972 Legal Services Law Enforcement, 1960-1972 Prisons Richland County Jail South Carolina Department of Corrections: Central Correctional Institute Prison Camps, 1968 Work Release Clippings: (continued) Program: (continued) Economics and Employment: General: 1950-1959 1960-1962 1963-1964 1965-1966 1967-1968 1969 1970-1975 n.d. Labor Unions: General American Federation of Labor Job Corps Office of Economic Opportunity Tax Increase, 1956-1957 Textile Industry Clippings: (continued) Program: (continued) Education General: 1952-1955 1955, cont. 1956 1957 1958-1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964
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............................................Box 36 Clippings: (continued) Program: (continued) Education (continued) General: (continued) 1965 (2 folders) 1966 1967 (2 folders) 1968 (3 folders) 1969 1970-c.1975 n.d. Adult Black Studies Busing Colleges and Universities: Allen University Benedict College Clemson University Furman University Georgia Tech South Carolina State College University of South Carolina Voorhees Winthrop Compulsory Attendance Dropouts Gressette Committee Head Start Integration: Clarendon County Clinton, S.C., 1957 Sumter, S.C., 1963 Palmetto Educ. Assoc. Speed-Up Vocational Education
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............................................Box 37 Clippings: (continued) Program: (continued) Housing (2 folders) Religion: General: 1947-1954 1955 1956 1957-1959 1960-1963 1964-1969 1970-1971 & n.d. Black Muslims Rural: General South Carolina Commission for Farm Workers, Inc. Voting, Registration: 1948-1962 1963-1965 1965, cont. 1966-1967 1968-1970 Welfare: General: 1950-1959 1960-1969 1970-c.1975 & n.d. Aged Child Care Health Nutrition: General Food Stamps School Lunches Poverty Clippings: (continued) Topical: Africa Black Power
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............................................Box 38 Clippings: (continued) Topical: (continued) Citizen's Councils Civil Disorders: General: 1950-1964 1965-1969 1970-1973 & n.d. Albany, Ga., 1962 Charleston: Garbage Workers' Strike, 1969 Hospital Workers' Strike, 1969 Cleveland, Oh., 1968 Greenville, 1963 Memphis, Tn., 1968 Orangeburg, 1968-1969 Philadelphia, Ms., 1964-1966 (2 folders) Poor People's March President's Commission on Civil Disorder Selma, Al., 1964 Civil Rights: 1940-1949 1950-1959 (2 folders) 1960-1969 (3 folders)
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............................................Box 39 Clippings: (continued) Topical: (continued) Civil Rights: (continued) 1970-1975 & n.d. Communism Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) Counties: Abbeville Aiken Allendale Anderson Bamberg Barnwell Beaufort Berkeley Calhoun Charleston Cheraw Chesterfield Clarendon Colleton Darlington Dillon Dorchester Edgefield Florence Georgetown Greenville Greenwood Horry Kershaw Lee Lexington Marion Marlboro Newberry Orangeburg Pickens Richland Spartanburg Sumter Union Williamsburg York Desegregation: Lunch Counter & Other Sit Ins Military Parks Transportation: South Carolina non-South Carolina Freedom of Information Act Gun Control Indians Ku Klux Klan [missing 1/29/94] Migration Miscegenation
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............................................Box 40 Clippings: (continued) Topical: (continued) N.A.A.C.P. (3 folders) Penn Community Center [missing 1/29/94] Clippings: (continued) Topical: (continued) Persons: Dabbs, James M. DeLaine, Joseph A. Gatch, Donald Hinton, James M. King, Martin Luther Levy, Howard B. Medlock, Travis Newman, I. DeQuincey Powell, Adam Clayton Russell, Donald S. Sellars, Cleveland Simkins, Modjeska M. Timmerman, George Bell, Jr. Travelstead, Chester C. Waring, J. Waties Clippings: (continued) Topical: (continued) Politics: General: 1940-1949 1950-1959 1960-1969 1970-1975 & n.d. Apportionment Independent Party State's Rights S.C. Advisory Committee to the U.S. Civil Rights Commission South Carolina Human Affairs Commission Student Movement Urban League Women
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............................................Box 41 <Audio-Visual, 1956, 1967-1974 & n.d. ............................................Box 42 Miscellany: General: c.1950-1960 c.1961-1963 c.1964-1965 c.1966 c.1967 c.1968-1971 c.1972-1973 c.1974-1975 n.d. (2 folders) Calendars, 1958-1975 Reference Material: 1943-1955 1956-1958 1960-1963 1964-1967 1968-1971 & n.d.

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Administrative Notes

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