Hallie Covington Papers

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Author: Covington, Hallie
Date Range: 1837-1976; bulk, 1896-1974
Extent: 8.75 linear ft.
Location: Annex (Materials stored offsite; advance notification required).
Background: Native of Marion, S.C.; Presbyterian missionary to Korea; school teacher; social worker.

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CHRONOLOGY

1887 Dec. 24 Born Marion, S.C., daughter of Francis Frederick Covington (1852-1935) and Susan Lenora Aycock (1858-1925)
1907 B.A., College for Women, Columbia, S.C.
1910-1912 Teacher, Belton High School, Belton, S.C.
1912-1914 Home Mission Work, Glade Valley High School, Glade Valley, N.C.
1914-1915 Bible Teacher's Training Course, Dr. White's Bible School (later The Biblical Seminary), New York, N.Y.
1915-1917 Teacher, High School Department, Mitchell College, Statesville, N.C.
1917-1923 Foreign missionary, Syenchun, Korea
1923-1924 American furlough; studies at The Biblical Seminary, New York, N.Y.
1924-1930 Foreign missionary, Syenchun, Korea; principal, Women's Bible Institute
1930-1931 American furlough; studies at The Biblical Seminary, New York, N.Y.
1935-1936 Graduate studies, The Biblical Seminary, New York, N.Y.; master's degree, Religious Education
1937-1941 Foreign missionary, Chairyung, Korea; principal, Women's Bible Institute and Provincial Class
1943-1944 Bible teacher, New Hanover High School, Wilmington, N.C.
1946-1956 Case worker, Public Welfare Department, Sanford, N.C.
1973 Sept. 25 Died, Darlington, S.C.
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SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

A native of Marion, S.C., Hallie Covington graduated in 1907 from the College for Women, Columbia, S.C., and received a master's degree in religious education from the Biblical Seminary of New York in 1936. Between 1917 and 1941 she served as a foreign missionary to Korea under sponsorship of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, with the exception of two furloughs when she returned to the United States. After retiring from mission work, Miss Covington taught religion in the public schools of Wilmington, N.C., and starting in 1946 was associated as a case worker with the Sanford, N.C., Public Welfare Department. In 1956, she retired to Darlington, S.C., where she lived with her sister, Mrs. Daniel S. DuBose, until her death on 25 Sept. 1973.

The bulk of the collection is comprised of letters to Hallie Covington. However, there is a small but significant component of letters written by Covington while stationed in Korea and on board ship while en route to and from the mission field. A series of personal reports detail her missionary endeavors at Syenchun and Chairyung, Korea. Published materials further document Presbyterian mission work in Korea during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The collection also contains photographs, post cards, and other visual materials, primarily Korean in origin.

Among the earliest items are letters of Hallie Covington's great-uncle, Harrison W. Covington, written from Connecticut in 1837, to his brother, Col. John W. Covington, and to Charles W.H. Meehan. Also present is the text of an address by Mary Ann Harlee upon the presentation of a flag to the Cheraw Light Infantry, 22 Feb. 1840, and a series of letters, 1846-1849, from Hallie Covington's grandfather, Benjamin Hamilton Covington (1812-1866), to Mary Ann Harlee (d. 1876), whom he married in 1847. In addition to family and household news, these letters relate news of B.H. Covington's trip to Alabama and refer to family servant Rosa, who is further represented by three letters, 1886-1890.

The collection contains no Civil War documents. Family correspondence continues after the war with letters, 1881-1887, between Covington brothers David, Francis Frederick, and Ted. Also present is Aycock family correspondence, including a series of letters, 1885-1895, between Lenora Aycock Covington and her mother, Elizabeth Aycock, brother W.J. Aycock, and sister H.S. Aycock. Particularly noteworthy are three letters, 25 Nov. 1886, 26 Sept. 188[?], and 8 Sept. 1890, from former slave Rosa Covington to her former master, F.F. Covington.

Hallie Covington first appears as a correspondent in Mar. 1896 with letters to her brother and parents. Her letters continue during her student years at Columbia's College for Women, 1901-1905. Hallie's circle of family correspondents was wide. Included are letters from the following family members: her mother, Susan Lenora Aycock Covington; her father, Francis Frederick Covington; her brother, Frank Covington, Jr., and his wife, Flora Covington; her sisters, Elizabeth Fullwood Covington DuBose and Henrietta Aycock Covington Townsend; her nephews, David Stuart Covington, D. Earle Townsend, Jr., and Frank C. Townsend; and her niece, Lenora Townsend Hadley. Beyond the realm of family members, correspondents include other Korean missionaries and officials of the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., the Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, and the Biblical Seminary in N.Y.

Hallie Covington's involvement in foreign mission work dates from the pivotal period between the close of World War I and the outbreak of World War II hostilities in the Pacific. She was appointed by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. on 15 Aug. 1917 and left for the mission field on 11 Oct. 1917, sailing from Vancouver, British Columbia, aboard the S.S. Empress of Japan. Assigned to Syenchun, Korea, Covington remained there until 1923, when she returned to the United States on furlough and pursued studies at the Biblical Seminary, New York City. Returning to Syenchun in 1924, she remained in Korea until 1930. Upon her return to the United States on furlough, she continued her studies at the Biblical Seminary, New York City.

Between 1931 and 1935 Hallie Covington was detained at home on account of the illness of her father; however, in 1935 she was once again in New York and in 1936 received her master's degree in religious education from The Biblical Seminary. She was reappointed by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. on 16 Dec. 1935 and in 1937 returned to Korea, stationed at Chairyung as principal of the Women's Bible Institute until her repatriation in 1941.

In Mar. 1941 Hallie Covington, along with a number of other mission workers attached to the Chosen mission, was arrested on charges of engaging in an anti-war campaign throughout the Korean peninsula, an allegation which grew out of their distribution of World Day of Prayer literature. Though not imprisoned, she and her fellow detainees were subject to call, and the Japanese de factogovernment indicated its intention to bring them to trial unless they left the country. By Sept. 1941 Hallie Covington was in Shanghai, China. She sailed aboard the French liner D'Artaganan for Manila, Philippines, 29 Oct. 1941, and left there, 27 Nov. 1941, aboard the S.S. President Coolidge, bound for Honolulu, Hawaii. While en route to Hawaii, Japan declared war on the United States. In the final leg of her return voyage, Hallie Covington sailed from Honolulu, 19 Dec. 1941. She reached the San Francisco, Ca., on 26 Dec. 1941.

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DESCRIPTION OF SERIES

Box 1 Biographical
Including vitae, obituary notices, newspaper clippings, and other biographical materials documenting the life of Hallie Covington. Also containing genealogical information on the Covington and allied families.
Boxes 1-4 Personal/Family Papers, 1837-1976 and undated
Consisting of family and personal correspondence representing several generations of the Covington, Aycock, and Harlee families. Early items include letters of Harrison W. Covington, an address by Mary Ann Harlee upon the presentation of a flag to the Cheraw Light Infantry, and letters from Benjamin Hamilton Covington to Mary Ann Harlee. The collection includes no Civil War documents. Family correspondence resumes with letters exchanged by brothers David, F.F., and Ted Covington and Lenora Aycock Covington and her mother, Elizabeth Aycock, her brother, W.J. Aycock, and her sister, H.S. Aycock. Also present are letters from former slave Rosa Covington to her former master, F.F. Covington.

Hallie Covington's correspondence begins in 1896, continues during her years at the College for Women, Columbia, S.C., and dominates the remainder of the collection. Her circle of correspondents included the following family members: her mother, Susan Lenora Aycock Covington; her father, Francis Frederick Covington; her brother, Frank Covington, Jr., and his wife, Flora Covington; her sisters, Elizabeth Fullwood Covington DuBose and Henrietta Aycock Covington Townsend; her nephews, David Stuart Covington, D. Earle Townsend, Jr., and Frank C. Townsend; and her niece, Lenora Townsend Hadley.

The bulk of the series is comprised of letters to Hallie Covington. There is, however, a small but significant group of letters written by Hallie Covington as a missionary in Korea, including letters written on board ship while en route to and from the mission field.

Box 5 Mission Reports, 1917-1967
Consisting of personal reports of Hallie Covington, 1917-1930, 1937-1938, and 1941, and fellow Korean missionaries, Charles Allen Clark and Henry W. Lampe, as well as newsletters reporting on Presbyterian mission work in Korea.
Box 5 Newspapers, 1944-1950
Including specimen copies of miscellaneous Korean-language newspapers and newsclippings and four issues of The Voice of Korea, an English-Korean language newspaper published in Los Angeles, Ca.
Boxes 5-6 Photographs
Subdivided into photographs, postcards, and Korean greeting cards, this series includes images of members of the Covington family and allied families, as well as visual materials relating to mission work in Korea.
Boxes 6-7 Manuscript Volumes, 1881-1929 and undated
Consisting of account books, diaries, prayer calendars, and religion notebooks of Hallie Covington, with miscellaneous volumes of her father, F.F. Covington, and her sister, Elizabeth Fullwood Covington DuBose.
Box 7 Published Volumes
Assorted books, serial publications, and pamphlets relating to Korea and the mission work of the Presbyterian Church there.
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CONTAINER LIST

		
		Box 1	Biographical Information		Folders 1-57

	Personal/Family Papers
	  13 Mar. 1837 - Dec. 1939


Box 2 	Personal/Family Papers	 		Folders 58-110
	  Jan. 1940 - Apr. 1959



Box 3 	Personal/Family Papers 			Folders 111-152
	   May 1959 - Aug. 1971



Box 4 	Personal/Family Papers			Folders 153-186
	   Sept. 1971 - 1976, n.d.


  
Box 5 	Mission Reports				Folders 187-214
	   Charles Allen Clark, 1942-1943
	   Hallie Covington, 1917-1930, 1937-
		1938, 1941
	   Chosen Mission, 1921-1929
	    The Korea Klipper, 1938, 1946, 
		1958, 1959, 1967
	   Korea Sunday School Association, 
		Feb. 1925
	    The Korean Open Letter, 
		Mar. 1946
	   Henry W. Lampe, 1932
	   Pyengyang News, 1934
	   The Voice of Korea, 1943-1962


	 Newspapers
	   Korean Independence, 1944-1950
	   Miscellaneous (Korean)


	Photographs (see also oversize)
	   Family
	   Korea
	     Identified
	     Unidentified


Box 6	Photographs				Folders 215-224
	   Korea
	     Unidentified
	     Negatives
	     Postcards
	       China
	       Korea
	       United States
	   Greeting Cards (Korean)


	Manuscript Volumes
	   Elizabeth Fullwood Covington [DuBose]
	     Diary, Jan. - Mar. 1917
	     Notebook, 1921-1922
	     Minute books (3 volumes), 1952-1959, 
		Wildflower Club, Darlington, S.C.
	   Francis Frederick Covington
	     Account book, Jan. 1881
	     Bank book, with notes of Hallie Covington, 
		1916-1917
	Hallie Covington
	   Korea diary, Dec. 1917-Dec. 1918
	   Korea diary/notebook, Dec. 1917 - Feb. 1920
	   Prayer calendar, 1921, Korea diary
	   Account book, 1921, record of household expenses in Korea
	   Itenerating account book, 1921-1928, record of expenses in 		    Korea 
	   Prayer calendar, 1922, with record of expenses in Korea
	   Account book, 1924, record of expenses while in New York City
	   Prayer calendar, 1926, Korea diary with record of expenses
	   Korea diary, Sept. 1928 - Oct. 1929
	   Prayer calendar, 1929, Korea diary with record of expenses
	   Prayer calendar, 1930, Korea diary with record of expenses
	   Account book, 1930-1931, record of expenses during American
	    furlough
	   Account book, 1931-1932, record of household expenses,
	    Marion, S.C.
	   Account book, 1933, inventory of personal possessions
	   Account book, 1935-1936, record of expenses in New York
	   Account book, 1936, with notes on religion
	   Prayer calendar, 1940, Korea
	   Prayer calendar, 1941, Korea
	   Account book, 1941, record of expenses on return to San
	    Francisco
	   Notebook, May 1943, notes on religion, Biblical Seminary
	    of New York
	   Notebook, 1948, school notes, notes on social work
	   Automobile mileage records (6 volumes), Jan. 1949 - July 1953
	   Notebook, 1959, notes on religion
	   Memorandum book, n.d. (ca. early 1900s)
	   Account book, n.d.
	   Account book, n.d., inventory of personal possessions
	   Mission account book/religion notebook, n.d.
	   Notebook, n.d., notes in Korean
	   Notebook, n.d., notes on religion
	   Notebook, n.d., notes on religion
	   Memorandum book, n.d.
	   Music book, n.d., Korean



Box 7	Published Volumes


	Annual Report of Seoul Station of the Chosen Mission of the 
	   Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., 1932-1933
	Bible Classes for Women in the Taiku District 
	Bible Society Record July 1952 (vol. 97, no. 6)
	Board of Missionary Preparation, The Missionary Furlough 
	   (1921)
	Broadcasts From Korea (3 copies)
	Bulletin of the Pyengyang Foreign School, Pyengyang, 
	   Korea, 1923-24
	Campbell, Arch.  The Christ of the Korean Heart (1954)
	Department of State, Korea 1945 to 1948, A Report on 
	   Political Developments and Economic Resources with Selected 
	   Documents
	Elliott, Helen. Through a Far East Window Being Impressions
	   of Korea
	The 50th Anniversary of the Chosen Mission of the
	   Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., June 30 - July 3, 1934, at 
	Seoul, Korea (Chosen)
	Hopkirk, C.C.  Korean Lepers (1925)
	Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, The 
	Independent Board Bulletin
	   Feb. 1935
	   June 1935
	International Missionary Council and World Council of 
	   Churches, The Church in East Asia, Findings of the East 
	   Asian Christian Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, December 3-11, 
	   1949
	The Korea Mission Field
	   Jan. 1921 (vol. 17, no. 1)
	   Jan. 1932 (vol. 28, no. 1)
	   Sept. 1935 (vol. 31, no. 9)
	Korean Research Council, Korean Research Bulletin
	   Sept. 1943 (vol. 1, no. 2)
	Mackay, John A.  "East Asia Under God." Reprinted 
	   from Theology Today by the Board of Foreign Missions
	   of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America
	Manual of the Board of Foreign Missions of the 
	   Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. (1933)
	Minutes and Reports of the Sixty-third Annual Meeting of 
	   the Korea Mission of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., 
	   Seoul, Korea, June 24 - July 1, 1957
	Monsen, Marie. Resting in God's Faithfulness During Twenty 
	   Three Days Amongst Pirates (1929)
	Morris, Harriett. Korean Recipes (1945)
	Presbyterian Church in the U.S., Korea, Laymen's Missionary 
	   Movement
	Presbyterian Church in the U.S., Board of World Missions, 
	   Korea (1960)
	Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.
	  The Findings of the Lakeville Conference of June 20-30, 
	   1931
	  Yearbook of Prayer for Missions, 1933, 1937
	  New Map Talk Series Korea
	Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., Board of Foreign Missions
	  Speer, Robert E.  Foreign Missions Are Going On (1933)
	  Hanzsche, William Thomson. And They Went Forth (1937)
	  Now in Korea
	  Report of Syenchun Station of the Chosen Mission of the 
	  Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A., 1933-1934
	Rhodes, Harry A., ed.  History of the Korea Mission 
	  Presbyterian Church U.S.A. 1884-1934
	Sauer, Charles A., comp.  The Story of Seoul Union Church,
	 1886-1961
	Whittemore, Maud Wellesley Parsons.  Poems (1951)
	Woman's Work, A Foreign Missions Magazine
	  Feb. 1924 (vol. 39, no. 2)
	  Nov. 1923 (vol. 38, no. 11)
	 Women and Missions
	  Feb. 1932 (vol. 8, no. 11)
	  Apr. 1939 (vol. 16, no. 1)
	  July 1937 (vol. 14, no. 4)
	  Apr. 1933 (vol. 10, no. 1)
		
		

Administrative Notes

Processed by: Laura M. Costello and Henry G. Fulmer.
Date completed: 10 Oct. 1994
Preferred citation: Hallie Covington Papers, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Caroliniana.
Information concerning copyright must be secured in writing from the Director of the South Caroliniana Library.
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