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Walt Lardner Cartoons

Baseball Strike cartoon Baseball Strike

Editorial cartoonists have a broad portfolio and tackle all sorts of issues and events in the news. This cartoon dates from the 1981 Major League baseball strike. Play halted on June 12 and did not resume until the rescheduled All-Star game, held on August 9. 713 games, or 38% of the season’s schedule, were lost.

Auction cartoon Auction

Political campaigns grow ever more expensive. This undated cartoon draws attention to this major issue.

Riley & Lion cartoon Riley in Lion’s Mouth

During his first term in office, popular governor Richard W. “Dick” Riley (b. 1933) successfully sought a constitutional revision to allow governors of South Carolina to serve a second consecutive term in office. He benefited from that change when he was elected to his second term in 1982. He was governor from 1979 to 1987, then served as President Bill Clinton’s Secretary of Education, 1993-2001.

SCPC holds the Riley papers.

Ravenel cartoon Guess Who & 1974 Gubernatorial Election

The 1974 gubernatorial election was one of the most hotly contested elections in South Carolina history. The Democratic primary featured a huge field of contestants. William Jennings Bryan Dorn, the popular 3rd District Congressman, was first to announce in November of 1973. Others entering the race included Charles D. “Pug” Ravenel, a South Carolina native who had made his fortune as a New York investment banker; Maurice Bessinger; Nick Zeigler; Milton Dukes; and John Bolt Culbertson. The Democratic primary eventually narrowed to three strong candidates — Dorn, Ravenel and Lt. Gov. Earle Morris. Dorn brought to the race over twenty years of service in the House and party and a reputation as a skilled campaigner but lost in a runoff with Ravenel, who emerged as an exciting and telegenic newcomer who was drawing a new generation to political activity, much as John Kennedy had in his 1960 presidential race.

1974 Gubernatorial Election cartoon

The Republican primary was less wild but the result was no less surprising. Low-country dentist James B. Edwards emerged the victor over Vietnam War hero General William Westmoreland.

Ravenel appeared headed to a ready victory over Edwards. However, a suit was brought charging that Ravenel had not met the legal residency requirements to seek office and, late in the campaign, his appeals exhausted, he was removed from the ticket. Just weeks before the November general election, the state Democratic Convention reconvened and selected Dorn as the Democratic gubernatorial nominee.

Ravenel withheld his support from the Dorn candidacy and was highly criticized for requesting his supporters to write in Dorn’s name on the ballot to protest the removal of his own. Even with all the confusion and bitterness, the race was close. The final tally showed Edwards with 263,000 votes to Dorn's 248,000, or 51.47% to 48.53%. Ravenel’s candidacy had been expected to energize a new generation of political activists. Instead, it proved a divisive issue for the party and resulted in the election of South Carolina’s first Republican governor since reconstruction.

SCPC holds the papers of Culbertson, Dorn, Edwards, Ravenel, and Zeigler.
The Westmoreland papers are held by the University’s South Caroliniana Library.

Moody Report cartoon McNair & Moody

Robert E. McNair (b.1923) was a popular and effective governor. He commissioned the “Moody Report,” officially titled Opportunity and Growth in South Carolina, 1968-1985, to analyze the status of education, transportation, health care and other areas affected by government and to make specific recommendations on how best to advance South Carolina over the coming decades. Published in 1968 and over 440 pages in length, the report provided a level of analysis and financial data never before available to the state’s leaders and challenged some long-held assumptions. The report was not appreciated by some in the General Assembly, particularly long time House Speaker Sol Blatt.

SCPC holds the Blatt and McNair papers.

Campbell cartoon Campbell “Little Guys”

Carroll Campbell was a tough and effective leader and a master politician. During his two terms as governor, 1987-1995, he began the restructuring and modernization of state government that continues to this day.

SCPC holds the Campbell papers.

Democratic Defecter cartoon Defecter

During most of the twentieth century, South Carolina was dominated by the Democratic Party, with the Republican Party chiefly existing to distribute patronage. During the late 1950s and early 1960s, the Party was transformed into a viable entity by leaders such as Gayle Averyt, Robert Chapman, Drake Edens, Roger Milliken, Arthur Ravenel, Greg Shorey, Floyd Spence, and Bill Workman. By the 1970s, the Party was able to contend in statewide elections, and James B. Edwards was elected governor in 1974. Carroll Campbell helped make the Republican Party the dominant Party in South Carolina during the 1980s and 1990s.

Many South Carolina Republicans started their political careers as Democrats, including Spence and Strom Thurmond.

SCPC holds the papers of the South Carolina Republican Party as well as Campbell, Edens, Edwards, Shorey, Spence and Workman.

Nice Girl cartoon Nice Girl

The South has been actively and successfully courted by conservatives in both the Democratic and Republican parties.

SCPC holds the papers of the South Carolina Republican Party
and the South Carolina Democratic Party.

Poverty Tour cartoon Poverty Tour

In 1968, Senator Fritz Hollings embarked on a series of “Hunger” tours which brought national attention to the issue of hunger and malnutrition and led to him writing the book, The Case Against Hunger, published in 1970. Shortly after taking office as governor in 1971, John West, at times accompanied by his good friend Hollings, undertook a similar series of tours of impoverished areas of South Carolina. He found horrible conditions, shanties lacking any plumbing, often situated within blocks of well-to-do neighborhoods.

In our oral history interview with Governor West he recalled, “It was an outgrowth of the campaign, and the fact that we were concentrating as much on housing as well as hunger. Of course, we created the State Housing Authority as a result of some of those tours. One of the projects that came out of those tours was the ‘Privy Project.’ A lot of the people did not have indoor plumbing. We designed an indoor facility that you could have even without running water, and we started a program to put those indoor facilities in the shacks that didn't have them. As I say, I got a lot of kidding, I called it the ‘Governor’s Privy Project’.”

SCPC holds the Hollings and West papers.

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