Scottish Literature Timeline

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YearBirthsDeathsTexts
1394James I  
c1420Robert Henryson  
1437 James I 
c1460William Dunbar  
c1474Gavin Douglas  
c1490David LyndsayRobert Henryson 
1501  Douglas, The Palice of Honour
1508  Dunbar, six poems
c1513John Knox  
c1520 William Dunbar 
1522 Gavin Douglas 
1528  Lyndsay, The Dreme of David Lyndsay
1529  Lyndsay, The Complaynt of the King
1536  Lyndsay, The Complaynt and Publict Confessioun of the Kingis AuldHound callit Bangsche
1538  Lyndsay, The Testament and Complaynt of Our Soverane Lordis Papyngo
c1545Alexander Montgomerie  
1553  Douglas (post.), The XIII Bukes of the Eneados
1555 David Lyndsay 
1556James VI  
1558  Knox, The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regimentof Women
1567William Alexander
Alexander Craig
  
1572 John Knox 
1585William Drummond of Hawthornden
John Scott of Scotstarvit
 James VI, Essayes of a Prentise in the Divine Art of Poesie["Reulisand Cautelis"]
1586  Knox (post), History of the Reformation Within the Realm of Scotland
1597  Montgomerie, The Cherie and the Slae
James VI, Daemonologie
1598 Alexander Montgomerie 
1599  James VI, Basilicon Doron
1603  Alexander, Darius
Lyndsay (post), Ane Pleasant Satyre of the Thrie Estatis
1604  Alexander, Aurora
Craig, The Political Essayes of Alexander Craige, Scoto-Britane
c1611Thomas Urquhart  
1613  Drummond, Tears on the Death of Meliades
1614  Alexander, Doomes-day
Drummond, Poems, Amorous, Funereall, Divine, Pastorall in Sonnets,Songs, Sextains, Madrigals
1623  Drummond, Flowres of Sion
1625 James VI 
1627 Alexander Craig 
1637  Scott of Scotstarvit, Delitiae Poetarum Scotorum
1640 William Alexander 
1641  Urquhart, Epigrams: Diving and Moral
1649 William Drummond 
1652  Urquhart, The Discoverie of a Most Exquisite Jewel, Pantochronicon
1653  Urquhart, Logopandicteison
1660 Thomas Urquhart 
1670 John Scott of Scotstarvit 
1684Allan Ramsay   
1699Robert Blair  
1711David Hume  
1713  Ramsay, A Poem to the Memory of the Famous Archibald Pitcairne
1714James Burnett, Lord Moboddo  
1721Thomas Blacklock
Tobias Smollett
William Wilkie
 Ramsay, Poems
1722John Home  
1723Adam Smith  
1724Duncan Ban MacIntyre [Donncadh Ban Mac an t-Saoir] Ramsay, The Evergreen, The Tea-Table Miscellany
1725  Ramsay, The Gentle Shepherd
1729John Moore  
1732William Falconer
James Macpherson
  
1739  Hume, Treatise on Human Nature
1740James Boswell  
1741  Hume, Treatise on Human Nature
1743  Blair, The Grave
1745Henry Mackenzie  
1746 Robert BlairSmollett, Advice: a Satire
1748  Hume, Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Behavior
Smollett, Roderick Random
1750Robert Fergusson  
1751  Hume, An Enquiry Concering the Principles of Morals
Smollett, Peregrine Pickle
1753Dugald Stewart Smollett, Ferdinand, Count Fathom
1757  Home, Douglas
Wilkie, The Epigoniad
1758Elizabeth HamiltonAllan RamsayMacpherson, The Highlander
1759Robert Burns Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments
1760  Blacklock, A Collection of Original Poems
Macpherson, Fragments of Anceint Poetry
1761  Macpherson, Fingal
1762Joanna Bailiie Falconer, The Shipwreck
Smollett, Launcelot Greaves
1763  Macpherson, Temora
1765  Macpherson, The Works of Ossian
1768  Boswell, An Account of Corsica
MacIntyre, Poems
Wilkie, Fables
1769 William Falconer 
1770James Hogg  
1771Mungo Park
Walter Scott
Tobias SmollettMackenzie, The Man of Feeling
Smollett, Roderick Random
1772 William Wilkie 
1773  Fergusson, Auld Reekie: a Poem, Poems
Mackenzie, The Man of the World
Lord Moboddo, On the Origin and Progress of Language
1774 Robert Fergusson 
1776 David HumeSmith, The Wealth of Nations
1777Thomas Campbell  
1779Mary [Balfour] Brunton  
1782Susan Edmonstone Ferrier  
1783  James I (post), The Kingis Quair
1784William Tennant  
1785John Wilson ["Christopher North"] Boswell, Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides
1786  Burns, Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect
1787  Burns (ed), The Scots Musical Museum
1788George Gordon, Lord Byron  
1789Michael Scott Moore, Zeluco
1790 Adam SmithBaillie, Fugitive Pieces
1791 Thomas BlacklockBoswell, The Life of Samuel Johnson LL.D.
Burns, "Tam o'Shanter"
1793  Stewart, Outlines of Moral Philosophy
1794John Gibson Lockhart  
1795Thomas CarlyleJames BoswellSmith (post), Essays on Philosophical Subjects
1796G(eorge) R(obert) GleigRobert Burns
James Macpherson
Scott (trans), The Chase, and William and Helen, Two Ballads fromthe German
1797William Motherwell ["Isaac Brown"]  
1798David Macbeth Moir Baillie, Plays of Passion
1799John GaltJames Burnett, Lord MonboddoPark, Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa
1800Catherine Sinclair Burns (post), The Merry Muses of Caledonia
1801  Hogg, Scottish Pastorals
1802 John MooreScott (ed), The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border
1805  Scott, The Lay of the Last Minstrel
1806 Mungo Park 
1807  Byron, Hours of Idleness
1808 John HomeCambpell, Gertrude of Wyoming
Hamilton, The Cottagers of Glenburnie
Scott, Marmion
1810  Brunton, Self Control
Hogg, The Forest Minstrel
Scott, The Lady of the Lake
1812 Duncan Ban MacIntyreByron, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
Tennant, Anster Fair
Wilson, Isle of Palms and Other Poems
1813W(illiam) E(dmonstone) Aytoun
David Livingstone
 Byron, The Bride of Abydos
1814  Scott, Waverley
1815  Scott, Guy Mannering
1816 Elizabeth Hamilton 
1818 Mary BruntonByron, Beppo
Ferrier, Marriage
Hogg, The Brownie of Bodsbeck
Scott, The Heart of Midlothian, Rob Roy
1819  Byron, Don Juan
Campbell, Specimens of the British Poets
Lockhart, Peter's Letters to His Kinsfolk
Motherwell, The Harp of Renfrewshire
Scott, Ivanhoe
1821Mary Macpherson [Mairi "Mairi Mhor nan Oran" nic-a-Phearsain]
George John Whyte-Melville
 Galt, The Annals of the Parish, The Ayrshire Legatees
Scott, Kenilworth
1822  Lockhart, Adam Blair
Tennant, The Thane of Fife
1823  Galt, The Entail, Ringhan Gilhaize
Wilson, The Trials of Margaret Lyndsay
1824George MacDonaldGeorge Gordon, Lord ByronCampbell, Theodoric
Carlyle (trans), Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship
Ferrier, The Inheritance
Hogg, The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner
Scott, Redgauntlet
1825R(obert) M(ichael) Ballantyne
William McGonagall
 Wilson, The Foresters
1826William Alexander Gleig, The Subaltern
1827Henrietta Keddie ["Sarah Tytler"] Tennant, Papistry Stormed
1828Margaret [Wilson] OliphantDugald StewartLockhart, Life of Robert Burns
Moir, The Life of Mansie Wauch, Tailor of Dalkeith
1831 Henry MackenzieFerrier, Destiny
1832 Walter ScottAytoun, Poland, Homer, and Other Poems
1834James Thomson Poems of William Dunbar
Hogg, Songs by the Ettrick Shepherd
Michael Scott, Tom Cringle's Log
1835 James Hogg
William Motherwell
Michael Scott
Michael Scott, The Cruise of the Midge
1836  Carlyle, Sartor Resartus
1837  Carlyle, The French Revolution
Lockhart, Memoirs on the Life of Scott
1839 John GaltSinclair, Holiday House
1840William ["Gordon"] Stables  
1841  Carlyle, On Heroes, Hero Worship, and the Heroic in History
1843  Carlyle, Past and Present
Wilson, The Noctes Ambrosianae
1844Andrew LangThomas Campbell 
1845William Minto Aytoun (with Theodore Martin), The Book of Ballads
1848 William TennantBallantyne, Hudson's Bay, Every-day Life in the Wilds of North America
1849  Aytoun, Lays of the Scottish Cavaliers and Other Poems
Oliphant, Margaret Maitland
1850Robert Louis Stevenson
John Watson ["Ian Maclaren"]
  
1851 Joanna Baillie
David Macbeth Moir
 
1854James George FrazerSusan Edmonstone Ferrier
John Gibson Lockhart
John Wilson
 
1855William Sharp ["Fiona Macleod"]  
1856  Ballantyne, The Young Fur Traders
1857John Davidson Livingstone, Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa
MacDonald, Phantastes
1858  Ballantyne, The Coral Island
1859S(amuel) R(utherfod) Crockett
Arthur Conan Doyle
Kenneth Grahame
Annie S. Swan
  
1860J(ames) M(atthew) Barrie  
1862Helen Bannerman Whyte-Melville, The Queen's Maries
1863Violet Jacob MacDonald, David Elginbrod
Oliphant, Salem Chapel
1864Neil Munro ["Hugh Foulis"]Catherine SinclairOliphant, The Perpetual Curate
1865Mary FindlaterW.E. Aytoun 
1866Jane Findlater Oliphant, Miss Marjoribanks
Stevenson, The Pentland Rising
1869George Douglas Brown Oliphant, The Minster's Wife
1871  Alexander, Johnny Gibb of Gushetneuk
MacDonald, At the Back of the North Wind
1872  MacDonald, The Princess and the Goblin
1873 David Livingstone 
1875John Buchan  
1878David LindsayGeorge John Whyte-MelvilleStevenson, An Inland Voyage
1879Catherine [Macfarlane] Carswell Swan, Ups and Downs
1880  Thomson, The City of Dreadful Night
1881John Macdougall Hay
(Edward Montague) Compton Mackenzie
Thomas CarlyleStables, Wild Adventures in Wild Places
1882 James ThomsonSharp, The Human Inheritance, The New Hope, Motherhood and OtherPoems
Stevenson, New Arabian Nights
1883  Stevenson, Treasure Island
Swan, Aldersyde
1884  Keddie, St. Mungo's City
Swan, Carlowrie
1885  Stevenson, A Child's Garden of Verses, Kidnapped
1886Helen Cruickshank Minto, The Crack of Doom
Oliphant, Effie Ogilvie
Stables, Cruise of the Land Yacht Wanderer
Stevenson, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
1887Edwin Muir Doyle, A Study in Scarlet
Frazer, Totemism
Keddie, Logie Town
Lang, Myth, Ritual and Religion
Stevenson, The Master of Ballantrae
1888 G.R. GleigBarrie, Auld Licht Idylls
Lang, The Gold of Farnilee
Sharp, The Sport of Chance
1889  Lang, Prince Prigio
1890Willa Muir Davidson, Perfervid
Doyle, The Sign of the Four
Frazer, The Golden Bough
McGonagall, Poetic Gems
1891Neil M(iller) Gunn Davidson, In a Music-Hall
Doyle, The White Company
Macpherson, Dain agus Orain Gheidlig
1892Christopher Murray Grieve ["Hugh Macdiarmid"]  
1893George BlakeWilliam MintoCrockett, The Stickit Minister
Davidson, Fleet Street Ecologues
Grahame, Pagan Papers
1894 William Alexander
R.M. Ballantyne
Robert Louis Stevenson
Crockett, The Lilac Sunbonnet
Davidson, Baptist Lake
Watson, Beside the Bonnie Brier Bush
1895  Grahame, The Golden Age
Lang, My Own Fairy Book
MacDonald, Lilith
Watson, Days of Auld Lang Syne
1896A(rchibald) J(oseph) Cronin Barrie, Sentimental Tommy
Doyle, The Exploits of Brigadier Gerard
Jane Findlater, The Green Graves of Balgowrie
Munro, The Lost Pibroch
Stevenson (post), Weir of Hermiston
1897Naomi [Haldan] MitchisonMargaret OliphantBarrie, The Little Minister
1898 Mary MacphersonMunro, John Splendid
1899Eric Linklater Bannerman, The Story of Little Black Sambo
Brown, Love and a Sword
1901James Leslie Mitchell ["Lewis Grassic Gibbon"] Brown, The House with the Green Shutters
Munro, Doom Castle
Sharp, From the Hills of Dreams
1902 George Douglas Brown
William McGonagall
Barrie, The Admirable Crichton
Doyle, The Hound of the Baskervilles
Jacob, The Sheep-Stealers
1903  Mary Findlater, The Rose of Joy
1904  Barrie, Peter Pan
1905 George MacDonald
William Sharp
Jacob, Poems
1906Thomas Douglas Macdonald ["Fionn MacColla"] Doyle, Sir Nigel
Munro, The Vital Spark
1907 John Watson 
1908  Jane & Mary Findlater, Crossrigs
Grahame, The Wind in the Willows
1909Robert Garioch Sutherland  
1910Norman MacCaigWilliam Stables 
1911Sorley MacLean [Somhairle MacGill-Eain] Barrie, Peter and Wendy
Jane & Mary Findlater, Penny Monypenny
Mackenzie, The Passionate Elopement
1912 Andrew LangDoyle, The Lost World
Mackenzie, Carnival
1913  Doyle, The Poison Belt
Mackenzie, Sinsiter Street
1914 S.R. Crockett
Henrietta Keddies
Hay, Gillespie
Munro, The New Road
1915Sydney Goodsir Smith Buchan, The Thirty-Nine Steps
Jacob, Songs of Angus
1916  Buchan, Greenmantle
1918(John) Maurice Lindsay
Tom Scott
Muriel Spark
 Edwin Muir, We Moderns
1919Hamish HendersonJohn Macdougall Hay 
1920Edwin Morgan Carswell, Open the Door!
Lindsay, A Voyage to Arcturus
1921George Mackay Brown  
1923  Jane & Mary Findlater, Beneath the Visiting Moon
Grieve, Annals of the Five Senses
Mitchison, The Conquered
1925George MacDonald Fraser Grieve, Sangschaw
Muir, First Poem
1926  Grieve, A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle, Penny Wheep
Gunn, Grey Coast
1927  Grieve, Albyn, or Scotland and the Future
Jacob, Northern Lights and Other Poems
Muir, The Marionette
1928Iain Crichton Smith [Iain Mac a'Ghobhainn] Mitchell, Hanno, or the Future of Exploration
1929  Linklater, Poet's Pub, White Maa's Saga
1930 Arthur Conan Doyle
Neil Munro
Carswell, The Life of Robert Burns
Grieve, To Circumjack Cencrastus
Gunn, Morning Tide
Mitchell, Strained Radiance
1931  Cronin, Hatter's Castle
Grieve, First Hymn to Lenin and Other Poems
Linklater, Juan in America
Mitchison, The Corn King and the Spring Queen
Willa Muir, Imagined Corners
1932 Kenneth GrahameGrieve, Second Hymn to Lenin
MAcdonald, The Albannach
Mitchell, Sunset Song
1933  Gunn, Sun Circle
Mitchell, Cloud Howe, Spartacus
Willa Muir, Mrs. Ritchie
1934Alasdair Gray Cruickshank, Up the Noran Water
Grieve, At the Sign of the Thistle
Gunn, Butcher's Broom
Mitchell, Gray Granite
1935 James Leslie MitchellBlake, The Shipbuilders
1936  Edwin Muir, Scott and Scotland
Willa Muir, Mrs. Grundy in Scotland
1937 J.M. Barrie 
1940 John BuchanMacLean & Sutherland, 17 Poems for 6d
1941 James George FrazerGunn, The Silver Darlings
Mackenzie, The Monarch of the Glen
Sydney Goodsir Smith, Skail Wind
1942Douglas Dunn  
1943 Annie S. SwannGrieve, Lucky Poet
MacCaig, Far Cry
MacLean, Dain do Eimhir agus Dain Eile
Edwin Muir, The Narrow Place
1944Tom Leonard  
1945 David LindsayMacdonald, And the Cock Crew
1946 Helen Bannerman
Catherine Carswell
Jane Findlater
Violet Jacob
MacCaig, The Inward Eye
1947Liz Lochhead Mackenzie, Whisky Galore
Mitchison, The Bull Calves
1948  Henderson, Elegies for the Dead in Cyranica
Sydney Goodsir Smith, Under the Eildon Tree
1949  Muir, The Labyrinth
Sutherland, Chuckis on a Cairn
1952  Morgan, Dies Iraes, The Vision of Cathkin Braes
Sydney Goodsir Smith, So Late into the Night
1953  Scott, Seevin Poems o Maister Francis Villon
1954Iain [M(enzies)] Banks Brown, Self
1955  MacCaig, Riding Lights
1959Robert CrawfordEdwin MuirBrown, Loaves and Fishes
Sydney Goodsir Smith, Figs and Thistles
1960  Iain Crichton Smith, Burn is Aran
Sprak, The Ballad of Peckham Rye
1961 George BlakeSpark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
1963 Mary FindlaterScott, The Ship and Ither Poems
1965  Sydney Goodsir Smith, Kynd Kittock's Land
1966  Grieve, The Company I've Kept
1968  Iain Crichton Smith, Consider the Lilies
1969  Dunn, Terry Street
Fraser, Flashman
Leonard, Six Glasgow Poems
Lindsay, The Business of Living
MacCaig, A Man in My Position
1970 Willa Muir 
1971  Dunn, Backwaters
1972  Brown, Greenvoe
Lochhead, Memo for Spring
1973 Neil M. Gunn
Compton Mackenzie
 
1974 Eric Linklater 
1975 Helen Cruickshank
Thomas Douglas Macdonald
Sydney Goodsir Smith
Sutherland, Two Men and a Blanket
1978 Christopher Murray Grieve 
1981 A.J. Cronin
Robert Sutherland
Gray, Lanark
Iain Crichton Smith, Murdo
1982  Iain Crichton Smith, A Field Full of Folk
1983  Gray, Unlikely Stories, Mostly
1984  Banks, The Wasp Factory
Gray, 1982, Janine
Leonard, Intimate Voices
1985  Dunn, Secret Villages
1987  Lochhead, Mary Queen of Scots Got Her Head Chopped Off
1988  Dunn, Northlight
1990  Crawford, A Scottish Assembly
Gray, Something Leather
1992  Crawford, Devolving English Literature
Gray, Poor Things
1996 George Mackay Brown
Norman MacCaig
 


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