Papers, 1926-1984, 5 ft. and 10 scrapbooks
Robert W. Hemphill served South Carolina's Fifth District in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1957-1964. President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed him to a federal district court judgeship in April 1964, and he served in that capacity until his death in 1983.
Papers, 1861 and 1906-2005, 20 ft.
Cameron Bruce Littlejohn represented Spartanburg County in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1937 to 1943 and 1947 to 1949, the latter three years as Speaker. He resigned in 1949 when he won a judicial appointment. For the next thirty-five years, Littlejohn served on South Carolina's Seventh Circuit Court and the South Carolina Supreme Court, attaining the post of Chief Justice in his last two years on the Court.
Papers, 1923-1979, 2.5 ft.
Ted Riley served as Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Western District of South Carolina, 1933-1952, with an interlude of service in the Navy during World War II. In 1953, he became the Greenville County Attorney. Always active in Democratic Party politics, Riley chaired the Greenville County Democratic Party Executive Committee, 1954-1955, and the South Carolina Democratic Party for two terms, 1960-1964.
Papers, 1942-1999, 1.25 ft.
Joseph O. Rogers was the first gubernatorial candidate of the modern Republican Party in South Carolina. Elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives as a Democrat for Clarendon County, he served six consecutive terms, 1955-1967. Rogers gradually became discouraged with what he viewed as a lack of resolve on the part of South Carolina Democrats to resist federal encroachment into the affairs of state government. On March 7, 1966, Rogers formally announced that he was switching to the Republican Party, and he became the first Republican candidate for the governor's office in the 20th century.
Papers, 1929-1998, 23.75 ft.
Russell began his career during World War II at the federal Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion before following director James F. Byrnes to the State Department. He went on to serve as president of the University of South Carolina; Governor of South Carolina, 1963-1965; U.S. Senator, 1965-1966; and a federal district and appellate court judge, 1967-1998.
Papers, c. 1904-1997, 2.5 ft.
George Bell Timmerman, Jr. served as governor of South Carolina from 1955 to 1959, leading the state during a period of growing racial strife. He served as lieutenant governor under both Strom Thurmond and Jimmy Byrnes, 1947-1955. From 1967 until 1984, Timmerman served as Judge for the 11th Circuit; he subsequently served as a special judge, filling in on the Circuit, until his death on Nov. 29, 1994.
Papers, 1918-2003, 7.5 ft.
Johnnie M. Walters began his legal career with the Internal Revenue Service in Washington, D.C., in 1949. In 1953, he moved to the private sector and eventually returned to practice law in his native South Carolina. In 1969, he was appointed Assistant Attorney General in the Tax Division of the United States Department of Justice. He was named Commissioner of Internal Revenue in 1971 and served until 1973. He is best known for his efforts to reorganize the IRS to be more efficient and taxpayer friendly, and for his defiance of President Richard Nixon's orders to use the IRS to investigate and audit those on his "enemies list."
Wilkins, William W. (b. 1942)
Currently closed, this collection chiefly documents Wilkins' career as as Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, 1986- 2007, and Chief Judge, 2003-2007. Previously, Wilkins served as U.S. District Judge, 1981 -1986; Chair of the U.S. Sentencing Commission, 1985-1994; and Solicitor for the 13th Judicial Circuit, 1974-1981.
Papers, 1906-1969, 4 ft.
Charles Cecil Wyche served as the U.S. District Judge for the Western District of South Carolina for almost thirty years, from 1937 until his death in 1966. The collection primarily documents this portion of his career, although he also served a term in the S.C. House in 1913-1914, as well as serving in World War I, as city and county attorney for Spartanburg, and as a specially appointed associate justice on the South Carolina Supreme Court in 1924.