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Ashmore, Robert T. (1904-1989)

Papers, 1914-2002, 3.75 ft.
Ashmore represented South Carolina's Fourth District (Greenville-Spartanburg) in Congress between 1953 and 1969.   

Beasley, Gov. and Mrs. David, and Nancy Bunch

Oral History Transcript
Former Governor and Mrs. Beasley discuss their lives in the South Carolina Governor’s Mansion from 1995 to 1999.  Also present, Nancy Bunch of the Governor’s staff.

Blatt, Solomon (1895-1986)

Papers, 1918-1986, 20 ft.
Sol Blatt's legislative career in the South Carolina House of Representatives (Barnwell County) spanned more than half a century, 1933-1986. He served as Speaker 1937-1946 and 1951-1973.

Boineau, Charles E., Jr. (1923-2005)

Papers, 1934-2003, 2.5 ft.
The first Republican elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives since 1900 (Richland County, 1961-1962), Boineau also campaigned for William D. Workman and Floyd Spence in 1962 and Barry Goldwater in 1964. He was a key figure in the emergence of a viable and active Republican Party in South Carolina.

Brack, Andy (b. circa 1961)

Oral History Transcript
Andrew Clayborne Brack served as campaign spokesman for Fritz Hollings' 1992 campaign for reelection to the U.S. Senate. A journalist and businessman, Brack has held posts at the Charleston Post and Courier and on Capitol Hill as Hollings' Press Secretary.

Campbell, Mrs. Carroll A., and son Mike

Oral History Transcript
Mrs. Iris Campbell, wife of former governor Carroll Campbell, and their son Mike, discuss life in the Mansion from 1987 to 1995.

Chadwick, Thomas W. (1923-2011)

Oral History Transcript
Thomas W. Chadwick served U.S. Senator Olin D. Johnston as Press Secretary, Legislative Assistant, and Campaign Manager between 1955 and the Senator’s death in 1965. 

Chapman, Robert F. (b. 1926)

Oral History Transcript
Robert Chapman (b. 1926) served as Chairman of the South Carolina Republican Party from 1962-1963.  In this interview, he discusses his life and particularly his Party leadership.

Cook, Crawford (1934-2016)

Oral History Transcript
Crawford Cook, political consultant, talks of his life and entry into politics as campaign manager for Marshall Parker’s 1962 bid for Lieutenant Governor, his work in Fritz Hollings’ successful 1966 race for the U.S. Senate, and his role as Hollings’ first Administrative Assistant, 1966-1968. 

Cook, W. A. “Al” (1925-c. 2005)

Oral History Transcript
W. A. “Al” Cook was former Legislative Assistant to S.C. Second-District Congressman John J. Riley and chief of staff to his successors, Albert Watson and Floyd Spence. He served on the Hill from March 1953 to his retirement from federal service in 1985.

Cooksey, Jesse L. (1932-2016)

Oral History Transcript
Mr. Cooksey (1932-2016) reflects on his long association with the Republican Party, including his tenure as chairman of the Spartanburg County Republican Party and, 1974 to 1976, the South Carolina Republican Party.

Copps, Michael (b. 1940)

Oral History Transcript
Dr. Michael Copps worked on the staff of U.S. Senator Fritz Hollings from 1970 to 1985 as a special research assistant, executive assistant, and eventually Administrative Assistant.  Later, Copps was a commissioner of the Federal Communications Commission, 2001 to 2011, and served as Acting FCC Chairman for six months in 2009.

Dennis, Rembert C. (1915-1992)

Papers, 1938-1992, 7.5 ft.
Dennis was one of the most influential legislators of his time. Representing Berkeley County, his career spanned almost fifty years in the South Carolina House of Representatives, 1939-1942, and the South Carolina Senate, 1943-1988.

Dorn, Watson, and Steve Griffith

Oral History Transcript
Watson Dorn and Steve Griffith, William Jennings Bryan Dorn's youngest brother and cousin, respectively, helped Dorn defeat incumbent James B. Hare in 1950 to regain the congressional seat Dorn had first won in 1946.

Dorn, William Jennings Bryan (1916-2005)

Papers, 1912-1995, 151 ft.
Dorn represented Greenwood County in the General Assembly, 1939-1942, and, following service in World War II, was elected to Congress, representing northwestern South Carolina's Third District from 1947-1948 and 1951-1974.  Dorn was active in the leadership of the South Carolina Democratic Party and served as its chairman, 1980-1984.

Edens, Martha (c. 1928-2015)

Oral History Transcript
Edens was a well-known Republican figure in the state from the 1950s, serving as National Committeewoman for SC and Chair of the Richland County Republican Party. Her brother, Drake Edens, Jr. was state Party chairman, 1963-1965.

Edwards, Governor James B., Mrs. Ann Edwards, and children James B. Edwards, Jr., and Katherine Edwards Wingate

Oral History Transcript
The Edwards family reflect on their years in the Governor’s Mansion from 1975 to 1979.

Graydon, Augustus T. "Gus" (1916-2004)

Oral History Transcript
Augustus T. "Gus" Graydon was a frequent guest of the first families of South Carolina in the Governor's Mansion, beginning in the 1920s.

Hamby, Lottie D. "Dolly" (1918-2001)

Papers, 1946-2001, 6 ft.
Dolly Hamby was a partner in the all-female, Columbia-based Bradley, Graham, & Hamby Advertising and Public Relations Agency. The firm worked for high-profile political candidates and businesses, and on issues of public interest.

Harper, Walter W.

Oral History Transcript
Walter W. Harper served as Director of the South Carolina Development Board from 1959 to 1967. Gov. Fritz Hollings brought Harper in to plan, organize, and help lead an energetic development effort aimed at expanding current manufacturing enterprises, bringing new industry to South Carolina, and promoting tourism. Previously, Harper was engaged in similar development work for Gov. Luther Hodges in North Carolina.

Harrelson, James P. "Preacher" (1919-2003)

Oral History Transcript
James P. "Preacher" Harrelson (1919-2003) of Colleton County was a Walterboro pastor and attorney who served in the South Carolina House (1957-1960) and Senate (1963-1976).

Harris, Raymond A. (1927-2016)

Currently closed, this small collection documents the activities of Raymond A. Harris, former South Carolina Republican Party executive director (1965 to 1968) and chairman (Dec. 1968 to Jan. 1971).  In an Oral History interview from November 2001, Harris reflects on his life and particularly his leadership in the Republican Party. 

Hodges, Governor James H., and Mrs. Rachel Hodges

Oral History Transcript
Governor and Mrs. Hodges reflect on their first 20 months in the Governor's Mansion. Jim Hodges served as Governor of South Carolina from 1999 to 2003.

Hollings, Ernest F. "Fritz" (b. 1922)

Papers, 1943-2009, 800 ft.
Hollings served in World War II, practiced as a lawyer, represented Charleston in the South Carolina House, 1949-1954, and served as Lt. Governor of South Carolina, 1955-1959, Governor, 1959-1963, and U.S. Senator, 1966-2005. 

Hughes, Mary Winton

Oral History Transcript
Mary Winton Hughes was a Senate staff member in the office of Fritz Hollings. She joined his staff in 1969 as a military case worker, later becoming his appointments secretary.

Kollmansperger, Karen (1941-2012)

Oral History Transcript
Karen Kollmansperger was a Senate staff member in the office of Fritz Hollings. She joined his staff in 1967 after working on several campaigns in Tennessee. Kollmansperger started as a case worker, moved to loans and grants, and eventually became one of the Senator's secretaries.

Martin, John A. (1921-2009)

Oral History Transcript
John A. Martin (1921-2009), a native of Winnsboro, served as a South Carolina state senator for thirty-five years (1953-1960 and 1965-1993). He served one term in the House (1951-1952) before his election to the Senate.

Maupin, Joe (1933-2015)

Oral History Transcript
Joe Maupin served as Charleston Area Director for U.S. Senator Ernest F. Hollings. He began directing the Low Country operations of the Senator's office in 1978. Maupin had just retired from a career in the U.S. Army, where he was serving as a congressional liaison for the Secretary of the Army.

McNair, Governor Robert E., and Mrs. Josephine McNair

Oral History Transcript
Former Governor and Mrs. McNair discuss life in the Governor’s Mansion from 1966 to 1971.

McNair, Robert E. (1923-2007)

Papers, 1953-2010, 135 ft.
McNair's public service included stints in the South Carolina House of Representatives (Allendale County), 1951-1962, and as Lieutenant Governor, 1963-1965.  The collection also includes his official records as Governor of South Carolina, 1965-1971.

Meng, Bernard B. "Bubba" (b. 1938)

Oral History Transcript
Bernard B. "Bubba" Meng (b. 1938) initially became involved in South Carolina politics through his friendship with fellow USC student Liz Johnston, daughter of U.S. Senator Olin D. Johnston. Meng worked for Senator Johnston in Washington in the early 1960s, later joining "Fritz" Hollings' 1966 Senate campaign. He stayed on as Hollings' home secretary, working for the Senator until 1989.

Napier, John Light (b. 1947)

Oral History Transcript
Republican John Light Napier had a long professional association with Senator Strom Thurmond, and in his own right served a term in Congress (1981-1982), as representative for South Carolina’s Sixth District.

Parker, Marshall (1922-2008)

Oral History Transcript
Marshall Parker served as state senator from Oconee County from 1956 to 1966. He joined the Republican Party in 1966 and ran for the U.S. Senate in 1966 and 1968. Parker went to UNC and served with the Marines in the Pacific during WWII. Parker owned and operated Oconee Dairies in Seneca from 1950 to 1981.

Patterson, Elizabeth J. (b. 1939)

Papers, c. 1930-2010, 19 ft.
The collection documents Patterson's service in the South Carolina Senate (Spartanburg County area), 1979-1986, and the U.S. House of Representatives, Fourth District, 1987-1993. Personal Papers reflect her campaigns for office and service outside of public office. 

Payne, Martha (1922-2014)

Oral History Transcript
Martha Payne worked for Ernest F. Hollings during his term as Governor of South Carolina and rejoined his staff shortly after his election to the U.S. Senate. Her work in the Senator's Columbia office chiefly entailed constituent service work. Payne retired in 1995.

Perry, Matthew J., Jr. (1921-2011)

Oral History Transcript
Judge Matthew Perry (1921-2011) was a leading civil rights attorney and the first African American federal judge from South Carolina. A native of Columbia, Perry began practicing law in 1951. He took on civil rights cases in private practice and as chief counsel to the S.C. State Conference of the NAACP. In 1974, Perry became the first African American in the 20th century to win the Democratic nomination for a seat in Congress, but failed to unseat incumbent Floyd Spence. In 1976, he was appointed to the U.S. Court of Military Appeals. In 1979, he was appointed to the U.S. District Court for South Carolina and served on the bench until his death in 2011.

Pope, Thomas Harrington, Jr. (1913-1999)

Oral History Transcript
Thomas Harrington Pope represented Newberry County in the South Carolina House of Representatives (1937-1940 and 1946-1950) and served as chairman of the state Democratic Party (1958-1960).

Ravenel, Arthur Jr. (b. 1927)

Oral History Transcript
Arthur Ravenel, Jr., served in the South Carolina House of Representatives, 1953-1958, South Carolina Senate, 1981-1986 & 1997-2005, U.S. Congress, 1987-1995, and Charleston County School Board, 2007-2010.

Ravenel, Hal (b. 1940)

Oral History Transcript
Hal Ravenel (b. 1940), brother to 1974 gubernatorial candidate Charles D. “Pug” Ravenel, reflects on his brother’s life and his role in that campaign, which ultimately saw the election of Republican James B. Edwards.

Riley, Ann Yarborough "Tunky" (1935-2008)

Papers, c.1880s-2008, bulk 1978-1988, 3 ft.
Ann Osteen Yarborough Riley served as South Carolina's First Lady from 1979 until 1987. She was known not only for her gracious hospitality and warmth, but for her work toward improving South Carolina's educational system and her active involvement in the Governor's Mansion renovations.

Riley, Edward P. "Ted" (1900-1994)

Papers, 1923-1994, 3 ft.
Ted Riley served as Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Western District of South Carolina, 1933-1952, with an interlude of service in the Navy during World War II. In 1953, he became the Greenville County Attorney. Always active in Democratic Party politics, Riley chaired the Greenville County Democratic Party Executive Committee, 1954-1955, and the South Carolina Democratic Party for two terms, 1960-1964.

Riley, Governor Richard W., Mrs. Ann “Tunky” Riley, and son Ted Riley

Oral History Transcript
The Rileys reflect on their years in the Governor’s Mansion from 1979-1987.

Ross, Daniel I., Jr. (1923-2008)

Currently closed, this collection documents Ross' work as County Chair, State Executive Committeeman, 2nd District Chair, Deputy State Chairman of the Nixon Presidential Campaign, District Campaign Chair for Strom Thurmond's 1972 reelection campaign, Chair for James Edwards' 1974 gubernatorial primary campaign and co-chair of Edwards' successful general election campaign. He became active in the state Republican Party in the early 1950s, served as Party chairman from 1976 to 1980 and held a leading role in George Bush's 1988 and 1992 presidential campaigns. In this lengthy oral history interview, Ross reflects on his life and particularly his activity in the Republican Party in South Carolina.

Rubin, Hyman S. (1913-2005)

Oral History Interview
In this interview Rubin, former Columbia mayor pro tem and state senator, reflects on his thirty-two years of public service and particularly the battle to integrate South Carolina society.  Mrs. Rubin also comments on her recollections of this era.

Russell, Donald S. (1906-1998)

Papers, 1929-1998, 23.75 ft.
Russell began his career during World War II at the federal Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion before following director James F. Byrnes to the State Department.  He went on to serve as president of the University of South Carolina; Governor of South Carolina, 1963-1965; U.S. Senator, 1965-1966; and a federal district and appellate court judge, 1967-1998.

Saleeby, Edward E. (1927-2002)

Papers, 1968-2002, 0.2 ft.
A native of Hartsville, Saleeby was elected to the S.C. House in 1950 and served there from 1951 to 1959. In 1972 he opposed and defeated powerful incumbent South Carolina state senator "Spot" Mozingo, a legendary figure in South Carolina politics, in a fiercely competed Democratic primary contest and served in the Senate from 1972 until his death.

Scott, Sallie

Oral History Transcript
Sallie Scott was the elder daughter of Olin D. and Gladys Atkinson Johnston. She recalls life in the Governor’s Mansion and in the Maryland suburbs of Washington, D.C., her father’s political campaigns, and her mother’s active role in Johnston’s political career.

Shorey, Gregory D. (b. 1924)

Papers, 1948-2009, 8 ft.
Businessman Greg Shorey became a leading force in developing the Republican Party in South Carolina during the 1950s and 1960s. He served as an active state leader in Eisenhower's presidential campaigns in 1952 and 1956, and in Barry Goldwater's presidential campaigns in 1960 and 1964.  He was chair of the state Party from 1958 to 1961, and continues his involvement to this day.

Smith, Frances (c. 1920-2009)

Oral History Transcript
Frances Smith was the first woman to serve as Clerk of the South Carolina Supreme Court.

Spence, Floyd D. (1928-2001)

Papers, c. 1928-2001, 75 ft.
Spence served in the South Carolina House of Representatives (Lexington County), 1957-1962, when he announced he was leaving the Democratic Party and would run for Congress as a Republican, making him the first notable office holder in SC to switch parties. He went on to represent South Carolina's Second District in Congress from 1971 until his death in 2001.

Waddell, James M., Jr. (1922-2003)

Papers, 1887-1918, 1935-2004, 3.75 ft.
James Madison Waddell, Jr., represented Beaufort and Jasper Counties as a Democrat in the South Carolina General Assembly for over thirty-five years. He was particularly interested in coastal conservation issues, and was founder and chairman of the South Carolina Coastal Council (now the Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management).

Walker, Harry (1929-2008)

Oral History Transcript
Harry Walker (1929-2008) served as Governor Fritz Hollings' legal assistant from 1959 to 1963. He advised Hollings on all legal matters that reached the Governor's office, including statewide appointments and the constitutionality of bills. As the Governor's liaison with law enforcement, Walker worked closely with SLED chief Pete Strom during this watershed period of civil rights activities.

West, Governor John C., Mrs. Lois West, and daughter Shelton West Bosley

Oral History Transcript
John West, Lois West and daughter Shelton West Bosley reminisce about their years in the Governor’s Mansion from 1971-1975.

West, John Carl (1922-2004)

Papers, 1840s, c.1857, 1905, 1924, 1938-2004, 52.5 ft.
John West served his state and nation well as a soldier during World War II, as a member of the South Carolina Senate, 1955 to 1966, as Lieutenant Governor, 1967 to 1971, as Governor, 1971 to 1975, and as United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, 1977 to 1981. Returning from Saudi Arabia, West practiced law, lectured on government and the Middle East at the University of South Carolina, served as Chairman of the Board of the Seibels Bruce Insurance Company, and engaged in a number of philanthropic enterprises.

West, Lois (1921-2014)

Oral History Transcript
Lois West, wife of John West, served as First Lady of South Carolina from 1971 to 1975. She had similar official responsibilities as ambassador's wife in Saudi Arabia from 1977 to 1981.

Williams, Isaac W. "Ike" (1945-2008)

Oral History Transcript

Ike Williams (1945-2008), former NAACP field director and aide to Congressman James Clyburn discusses his relationship with Matthew Perry and his experiences as a Civil Rights leader in South Carolina during the 1950s and 1960s.  He also addresses the role of Civil Rights organizations such as the NAACP, Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), and Black Action Coordinating Council (BACC).

Williams, Marshall (1912-1995)

Oral History Transcript
Marshall B. Williams (1912-1995) represented Orangeburg County in the General Assembly for almost half a century. He served in the House of Representatives from 1947 until his election to the Senate in 1952. He remained in the Senate for over forty years, becoming President pro tempore in 1989. Williams served until his death in 1995.