Papers, 1942-2008, 4 ft.
Bates served as mayor of Columbia, South Carolina, from 1958-1970, leading the city through the tumultuous 1960s.
Oral History Transcript
Former Governor and Mrs. Beasley discuss their lives in the South Carolina Governor’s Mansion from 1995 to 1999. Also present, Nancy Bunch of the Governor’s staff.
Papers, 1918-1986, 20 ft.
Sol Blatt's legislative career in the South Carolina House of Representatives (Barnwell County) spanned more than half a century, 1933-1986. He served as Speaker 1937-1946 and 1951-1973.
Papers, 1934-2003, 2.5 ft.
The first Republican elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives since 1900 (Richland County, 1961-1962), Boineau also campaigned for William D. Workman and Floyd Spence in 1962 and Barry Goldwater in 1964. He was a key figure in the emergence of a viable and active Republican Party in South Carolina.
Papers, 1978-2001, 34 ft.
Campbell represented South Carolina's Fourth District (Greenville-Spartanburg) in Congress from 1979 to 1986. He was elected governor in 1986, serving two terms. Following his political career, he was president and CEO of the American Council on Life Insurance (ACLI), 1995-2001.
Crocker, Virginia Leaman "Ginger" (b. 1951)
Currently closed. Virginia Leaman "Ginger" Crocker represented Laurens County in the S.C. House from 1978 to 1984. After leaving the House, she worked as Workers' Compensation Commissioner, 1984-1992. In 1996 she was named Executive Director of the (S.C.) House Democratic Caucus where she worked with then Caucus Leader Jim Hodges, who, as governor, appointed Crocker to his staff as Director of Intergovernmental and Community Relations. Since 2007, she has served the South Carolina Workers' Compensation Commission as its Judicial Director. Crocker has worked for Presbyterian College and on a variety of political campaigns and served on several boards.
Papers, c. 1886-1989, 31 ft.
Culbertson, a labor lawyer and activist, was a "liberal lion" of South Carolina's Upstate for most of the twentieth century, establishing a law practice in which he represented unions, the working class, disabled veterans, African-Americans, and others in need of a voice. He also served in World War II, as a private secretary to Congressman John J. McSwain (D-SC), and as a special agent in the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Papers, 1938-1992, 7.5 ft.
Dennis was one of the most influential legislators of his time. Representing Berkeley County, his career spanned almost fifty years in the South Carolina House of Representatives, 1939-1942, and the South Carolina Senate, 1943-1988.
Papers, c. 1944-2008, 5 ft.
Drummond represented the Greenwood area in the South Carolina Senate for more than forty years, including service as president pro tempore, before retiring in 2008.
Edwards, James B. (1927-2014)
Currently closed, the collection primarily documents Edwards' term as Governor of South Carolina, 1975-1979, and as U.S. Secretary of Energy, 1981-1982. Personal papers include material concerning campaigns and Republican Party activities. The Edwards family reflects on their years in the Governor's Mansion in this Oral History Transcript. See related interview conducted by Ann Edwards.
Papers, c. 1920-1924, 1950-1984, 10 ft.
Marion Gressette served Orangeburg County for half a century in the South Carolina General Assembly. He began his public service in the House, 1925-1928, 1931-1932, and spent the majority of his career in the Senate, 1937-1984 (and as president pro tempore, 1972-1984).
Papers, 1968-2005, 23 ft.
Harvin served in the South Carolina House of Representatives (Clarendon and Williamsburg Counties) from 1977 to 2005. He was Majority Whip, 1979 to 1982, and Majority Leader, 1982 to 1986.
Papers, c. 1960s-2012, 4.75 ft.
Hendricks had a long career as a banker, lawyer and as a Representative in the South Carolina General Assembly. He served five terms in the South Carolina House of Representatives, 1977-1987, and was named Legislator of the Year in 1984 by the South Carolina Chamber of Commerce, and in 1985 by the Greenville News.
Hodges, James H. "Jim" (b. 1956)
Currently closed, these papers document the lives and careers of Governor and Mrs. Hodges. Hodges served as Governor of South Carolina from 1999 to 2003. In this Oral History, Jim and Rachel Hodges reflect on their first 20 months in the Governor's Mansion.
Papers, 1923, 1942-2003, 17 ft.
Almost continuously in public office from 1950 until his death, Donald Holland served in both the South Carolina House of Representatives (Kershaw County), 1950-1954, 1956-1964, and Senate, 1969-2003. He was District Highway Commissioner from 1964-1968.
Papers, 1943-2009, 800 ft.
Hollings served in World War II, practiced as a lawyer, represented Charleston in the South Carolina House, 1949-1954, and served as Lt. Governor of South Carolina, 1955-1959, Governor, 1959-1963, and U.S. Senator, 1966-2005.
Johnson, I.S. Leevy (b. 1942)
Currently closed. Recognized as one of the top criminal and civil lawyers in S.C. and the U.S. (Johnson, Toal and Battiste, P.A.), I.S. Leevy Johnson made history in 1970 by becoming one of the first Blacks elected to the S.C. General Assembly since Reconstruction. In 1995, he became owner of Leevy's Funeral Home, a generations-old local business founded by his grandparents.
Papers, 1914-1965, 182 ft.
Olin D. Johnston served South Carolina as a U. S. Senator from 1945 until his death in 1965. Prior to his election to the Senate, Johnston served two terms as Governor, 1935-1939 and 1943-1945, and in the state House of Representatives, 1923-1924 (Anderson County), 1927-1930 (Spartanburg County).
Papers, 1965-2007, 48 ft.
Harriet Keyserling, a Democrat and self-proclaimed "New York Jewish liberal," represented Beaufort County in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1977 until her retirement in 1993. During her legislative career and her service in numerous cultural organizations, Keyserling was a tireless advocate of the arts, of education, and of the protection of the environment from nuclear waste and other energy hazards.
Papers, 1861 and 1906-2005, 20 ft.
Cameron Bruce Littlejohn represented Spartanburg County in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1937 to 1943 and 1947 to 1949, the latter three years as Speaker. He resigned in 1949 when he won a judicial appointment. For the next thirty-five years, Littlejohn served on South Carolina's Seventh Circuit Court and the South Carolina Supreme Court, attaining the post of Chief Justice in his last two years on the Court.
Papers, 1961-1994, 23.75 ft.
Isadore Edward Lourie served in the South Carolina General Assembly from 1965 until his retirement in 1993 and gained a reputation as the champion of the common man and woman. He represented Richland County in the House, 1965-1973, and in the Senate, 1973-1993.
Papers, 1948-1998, 28.75 ft.
James Robert Mann represented Greenville in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1949 to 1953, then became solicitor of the 13th Judicial Circuit. In 1969, Mann was elected to represent the Fourth Congressional District (Greenville-Spartanburg) in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he served until 1979.
Papers, 1937-1996, 1 ft.
Representing Spartanburg County in the South Carolina House from 1967 to 1982, Manning was a major advocate of promoting and commemorating the state's history. He was particularly successful in gaining recognition for the Battle of Cowpens as a pivotal event in the American Revolution and helping to establish Cowpens National Battlefield as a national park.
Papers, 1947-2000, 7.5 ft.
T. Eston Marchant served as the Adjutant General of South Carolina from 1979 to 1995. His career in the military spanned almost fifty years. He also was an attorney and active in his community. Marchant served on the Board of Trustees of the University of South Carolina from 1965 to 1978.
Martschink, Sherry Shealy (b. 1949)
Currrently closed. Martschink served in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1971 to 1975. She was a junior at the University of South Carolina when elected in November 1970 to represent Lexington County, becoming the nation's youngest lawmaker. In 1986, after serving five years on a local school board, she was elected to the South Carolina Senate from Charleston County in a special election and in 1988 was elected to a full term. Martschink was appointed to the South Carolina Workers' Compensation Commission in 1992 and served as commissioner until 2004, including one term as vice chair of the commission.
Papers, 1962-2000, 2005, 3.25 ft.
McDonald was an attorney and member of the South Carolina House (Richland County), 1963-1966, and Senate (Richland, Fairfield, and Chester Counties), 1977-1984. He also served on the state Board of Education.
Papers, 1953-2008, 135 ft.
McNair's public service included stints in the South Carolina House of Representatives (Allendale County), 1951-1962, and as Lieutenant Governor, 1963-1965. The collection also includes his official records as Governor of South Carolina, 1965-1971.
Papers, 1931-1990, 3.75 ft.
P. Bradley Morrah, Jr., represented Greenville County in the S.C. House of Representatives in 1940 and 1947 to 1948, and served in the state Senate from 1953 to 1966. During these years, Morrah and several others, including John West, Earle Morris, and Marshall Parker, banded together to pursue their legislative goals in an informal group they called "the left field boys." The group challenged the old-line establishment represented by Edgar Brown and Marion Gressette.
Mulvaney, John Michael "Mick" (b. 1967)
Currently closed, the collection documents the career of Mick Mulvaney, who is the U.S. Representative for South Carolina's 5th congressional district since 2011. Mulvaney previously served as a member of both the South Carolina House (45th District) from 2007 to 2009, and Senate (16th district - Lancaster and York Counties) from 2009 to 2011. He is the first Republican to represent South Carolina's 5th district since 1883.
Papers, 1929-2003, 2.5 ft.
I. DeQuincey Newman was a Methodist pastor, civil rights activist, and entrepreneur. A leading figure in the Civil Rights movement in South Carolina, he helped organize the Orangeburg branch of the NAACP in 1943, helped found the Progressive Democratic Party, and served the South Carolina NAACP as state field director from 1960 to 1969. In 1983, at age 72, he was elected to the South Carolina Senate, thus becoming the first African American to serve in that body since Reconstruction.
Papers, c. 1930-2010, 18 ft.
The collection documents Patterson's service in the South Carolina Senate (Spartanburg County area), 1979-1986, and the U.S. House of Representatives, Fourth District, 1987-1993. Personal Papers reflect her campaigns for office and service outside of public office.
Papers, 1990-2009, <1 ft.
Patterson served as South Carolina State Treasurer for thirty-six years, November 1966 to 1994 and 1998 to 2007 when he retired. This small collection chiefly documents the years 1998-2007.
Riley, Richard W. (b. 1933)
Currently closed, the collection primarily documents Riley's tenure as U.S. Secretary of Education, 1993-2001. A smaller portion consists of materials from his time as South Carolina Senator (Greenville County area), 1967-1976, and Governor, 1979-1987. The Riley family reflect on their years in the Governor's Mansion in this Oral History Transcript. SCPC also holds the papers of his wife, First Lady Ann "Tunky" Riley, and of his father, Edward "Ted" Riley.
Papers, 1942-1999, 1.25 ft.
Joseph O. Rogers was the first gubernatorial candidate of the modern Republican Party in South Carolina. Elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives as a Democrat for Clarendon County, he served six consecutive terms, 1955-1967. Rogers gradually became discouraged with what he viewed as a lack of resolve on the part of South Carolina Democrats to resist federal encroachment into the affairs of state government. On March 7, 1966, Rogers formally announced that he was switching to the Republican Party, and he became the first Republican candidate for the governor's office in the 20th century.
Oral History Interview
In this interview Rubin, former Columbia mayor pro tem and state senator, reflects on his thirty-two years of public service and particularly the battle to integrate South Carolina society. Mrs. Rubin also comments on her recollections of this era.
Papers, 1929-1998, 23.75 ft.
Russell began his career during World War II at the federal Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion before following director James F. Byrnes to the State Department. He went on to serve as president of the University of South Carolina; Governor of South Carolina, 1963-1965; U.S. Senator, 1965-1966; and a federal district and appellate court judge, 1967-1998.
Papers, 1968-2002, 0.2 ft.
A native of Hartsville, Saleeby was elected to the S.C. House in 1950 and served there from 1951 to 1959. In 1972 he opposed and defeated powerful incumbent South Carolina state senator "Spot" Mozingo, a legendary figure in South Carolina politics, in a fiercely competed Democratic primary contest and served in the Senate from 1972 until his death.
Sanford, Marshall C. "Mark" Jr. (b. 1960)
Currently closed, the collection documents Sanford's three terms representing the 1st District in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1995-2001, as well as his 1994 campaign for Congress, his 2002 campaign for Governor of South Carolina, and his two terms as Governor. Additional material will document Sanford's second stint in Congress, 2013-present.
Papers, 1964-1968, .5 ft.
One of the first Republicans elected to the South Carolina State Senate since Reconstruction, Smoak served one term and then pursued careers with the State Department and in private law practice. The collection, 1964-1968, documents Smoak's campaigns for office and brief tenure in the Senate.
Papers, c. 1928-2001, 75 ft.
Spence served in the South Carolina House of Representatives (Lexington County), 1957-1962, when he announced he was leaving the Democratic Party and would run for Congress as a Republican, making him the first notable office holder in SC to switch parties. He went on to represent South Carolina's Second District in Congress from 1971 until his death in 2001.
Tenenbaum, Inez M. (b. 1951)
Currently closed, the collection documents Tenenbaum's service as State Superintendent of Education, 1999-2007, as well as her two campaigns for that position in 1998 and 2002. Other campaigns covered are her 1994 Lt. Governor and 2004 U.S. Senate races. This collection also documents her community service work with the United Way and the South Carolina Center for Family Policy, a nonprofit organization dedicated to reforming the state's juvenile justice system.
Theodore, Nick A. (b. 1928)
Currently closed, this small collection documents Theodore's service as a member of the S.C. House of Representatives, 1963-1966 and 1970-1978, State Senator, 1967-1968 and 1981-1986, and Lieutenant Governor, 1987 to 1995.
Papers, c. 1904-1997, 2.5 ft.
George Bell Timmerman, Jr. served as governor of South Carolina from 1955 to 1959, leading the state during a period of growing racial strife. He served as lieutenant governor under both Strom Thurmond and Jimmy Byrnes, 1947-1955. From 1967 until 1984, Timmerman served as Judge for the 11th Circuit; he subsequently served as a special judge, filling in on the Circuit, until his death on Nov. 29, 1994.
Papers, 1887-1918, 1935-2004, 3.75 ft.
James Madison Waddell, Jr., represented Beaufort and Jasper Counties as a Democrat in the South Carolina General Assembly for over thirty-five years. He was particularly interested in coastal conservation issues, and was founder and chairman of the South Carolina Coastal Council (now the Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management).
Papers, 1964-2010, 9 ft.
Since 1973, Candy Waites has been a prominent figure in the Columbia community. A former president of the League of Women Voters of Columbia, Waites went on to serve on Richland County Council for twelve years. In 1988, Waites was elected State Representative for House District 75, a position she held for six years.
Papers, 1840s, c.1857, 1905, 1924, 1938-2004, 52.5 ft.
John West served his state and nation well as a soldier during World War II, as a member of the South Carolina Senate, 1955 to 1966, as Lieutenant Governor, 1967 to 1971, as Governor, 1971 to 1975, and as United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, 1977 to 1981. Returning from Saudi Arabia, West practiced law, lectured on government and the Middle East at the University of South Carolina, served as Chairman of the Board of the Seibels Bruce Insurance Company, and engaged in a number of philanthropic enterprises.
Wilkins, David H. (b. 1946)
Currently closed, the collection documents the career of this attorney, legislator, and diplomat. Wilkins served in the South Carolina House of Representatives (Greenville County) from 1981 until his resignation in 2005 to become U.S. Ambassador to Canada. In the House, he chaired the Judiciary Committee, 1986-1992, and served as Speaker, 1994-2005.
Wilson, Addison Graves "Joe" (b. 1947)
Currently closed, this collection will document the life and public service of Congressman Joe Wilson. Before being elected to the U.S. House of Representatives (Second District) in 2001, he served seventeen years in the S.C. Senate.
Papers, 1921-2000, 32.25 ft.
Zeigler's public service began with his election to serve Florence County in the South Carolina House in 1960. In 1966, he was elected to the state Senate, where he served until 1972. Zeigler was a candidate in the 1974 Democratic primary for Governor. In addition, he had a distinguished legal career and was an author of numerous books.