Simkins, Modjeska (1899-1992)
Papers, 1909-1992, 6.25 ft.
A Columbia civil rights activist, Simkins served as the South Carolina State Secretary for the NAACP, 1941-1957. She also had leadership roles in the renovation of Good Samaritan-Waverly Hospital and the Richland County Citizens Committee. Simkins was a founder, in 1921, of the Victory Savings Bank of Columbia. Now called South Carolina Community Bank, it survives as one of the oldest African-American owned banks in the country. As a voice of African-American leadership in the South, Simkins was routinely asked to use her influence in political campaigns. Although she helped many leaders win election, Simkins was unable to attain elected office herself. She ran unsuccessfully for Columbia City Council in 1966 and 1984 and the S.C. House of Representatives in 1966.
Collection Finding Aid (pdf, 8 pages)
The collection consists of material chiefly relating to civil rights activist Simkins' work as the South Carolina State Secretary for the NAACP, 1941-1957; Campaign Director for the renovation of Good Samaritan-Waverly Hospital, 1944-1950; Public Relations Director for the Richland County Citizens Committee, 1956-1988; and President of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, 1972-1974.
Modjeska Monteith Simkins: In Her Own Words: A digitized collection of documents from the Simkins Papers
Modjeska Monteith Simkins House (National Register of Historic Places)