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Equality of Educational Opportunity Report
This report was submitted in response to Section 402 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It can now be read, searched and chapters may be printed out online.
Eugene Avery Adams Papers, 1892-1968
Eugene Avery Adams (1886-1958) was a minister in the African American Episcopal Church and a leader in the fields of education, civil rights, and business. He was a founder of Bell Street High School in Columbia and a trustee of Allen University. He also helped start the South Carolina Citizens Committee, a state-wide organization that advocated for voting rights and equal teacher pay. Furthermore, he served as president of the Columbia branch of the NAACP. With respect business, he was one of the founders of Victory Savings Bank.
Isaiah DeQuincey Newman Collection
DeQuincey Newman was a Methodist pastor, civil rights activist, and entrepreneur. A leading figure in the Civil Rights movement in South Carolina, he helped organize the Orangeburg branch of the NAACP in 1943, helped found the Progressive Democratic Party, and served the South Carolina NAACP as state field director from 1960 to 1969. In 1983, at age 72, he was elected to the South Carolina Senate, thus becoming the first African American to serve in that body since Reconstruction.
Joseph A. De Laine Papers, ca. 1918 - 2000
This core unit of three hundred fifty items -two hundred sixty-two manuscripts, miscellaneous printed artifacts, and eighty-eight photographs- added to the papers of the late Joseph Armstrong DeLaine (1898-1974) covers chiefly the period from 1942, when he submitted his annual report as secretary of the Clarendon County Citizen[s] Committee, to 1974, when he delivered an address entitled "History leading up to the U.S. Supreme Court's Decision outlawing Segregation in Public Schools."
Modjeska Monteith Simkins Papers, 1909-1992
Activist Modjeska Simkins of Columbia, S.C. served as the South Carolina State Secretary for the NAACP, 1941-1957; as Campaign Director for the renovation of Good Samaritan-Waverly Hospital, 1944-1950; as Public Relations Director for the Richland County Citizens Committee, 1956-1988; and as President of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, 1972-1974. She also helped found, in 1921, the Victory Savings Bank of Columbia.
Modjeska Monteith Simkins: In Her Own Words
A Columbia civil rights activist, Simkins served as the South Carolina State Secretary for the NAACP, 1941 to 1957. She also had leadership roles in the renovation of Good Samaritan-Waverly Hospital and the Richland County Citizens Committee. Simkins was a founder, in 1921, of the Victory Savings Bank of Columbia. Now called South Carolina Community Bank, it survives as one of the oldest African-American owned banks in the country. As a voice of African-American leadership in the South, Simkins was routinely asked to use her influence in political campaigns. Although she helped many leaders win election, Simkins was unable to attain elected office herself. She ran unsuccessfully for Columbia City Council in 1966 and 1984 and the S.C. House of Representatives in 1966.
Negro Travelers' Greenbook, 1956
The Negro Travelers’ Green Book was a travel guide series published from 1936 to 1964 by Victor H. Green. It was intended to provide African American motorists and tourists with the information necessary to board, dine, and sightsee comfortably and safely during the era of segregation.
Robert McNair: In His Own Words
Over the course of his twenty year career in South Carolina politics, including an unprecedented six years as governor, Robert McNair led South Carolina in an era of prosperity and carefully guided the Palmetto State through the turbulent 1960s, a period of profound social upheaval and change. Digitized here are speeches, correspondence, clippings, and photographs that highlight Governor McNair's dedication to and focus on education, tourism, and industrial expansion as well as illuminating the Governor's thoughts and reactions to the Civil Rights movement, desegregation, and the Vietnam War.
Sol Blatt In His Own Words
Sol Blatt (1895-1986) represented Barnwell, Bamburg, and Allendale Counties in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1933 until his death in 1986. He also served as Speaker of the House almost continuously from 1937 until 1973. These documents reveal Blatt's thoughts on issues such as race, economic development, taxes, nuclear energy, and a number of other topics at a critical time in South Carolina's history. Personal letters also detail the day-to-day work of a state politician as well as something of Blatt's drive and personality. Blatt was perhaps the most powerful South Carolina politician of the mid-twentieth century, rendering his papers an invaluable source for understanding the dramatic changes the state has experienced since World War II.
William Gravely Oral History Collection on the Lynching of Willie Earle
The William Gravely Oral History Collection on the Lynching of Willie Earle consists of 41 oral history interviews and accompanying supplementary materials. Dr. William Gravely, Professor Emeritus of Religion at the University of Denver, recorded the recollections of journalists, law enforcement officers, attorneys, clergy, relatives of Willie Earle, and other community members in relation to the lynching of African American and native South Carolinian Willie Earle on February 17, 1947
William Jennings Bryan Dorn: In His Own Words
Named after William Jennings Bryan, Dorn was destined for a life in politics. He began his career at the age of 22 as the youngest member of the South Carolina House of Representatives and served in the United States Congress for 26 years. In his autobiography, Dorn: Of The People, he wrote, "Public speaking was a way life."
This collection of audio clips highlights Dorn's career of service to South Carolina and the nation. Through his pleasing Southern drawl, Dorn draws in his audiences with warmth and passion. The collection is composed of various speeches from the campaign trail and addresses to the American Legion. Additional clips are excerpts from his 1980 and 1981 oral history interviews. Topics include World War II, civil rights, and national defense.