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African Americans Seen Through the Eyes of the Newsreel Cameraman
Fox News and Fox Movietone News camera crews covered the people and events of the country and, indeed, the world. From 1919 to 1963 these journalists aimed their viewfinders at the mundane and the spectacular. The resulting images - most of which still exist as camera negatives at Moving Image Research Collections--provide an unparalleled opportunity to glimpse the world through their eyes.
Fox Movietone News, The War Years
“Fox Movietone News: the War Years, 1942 – 1944,” a collaboration between the University of South Carolina and the Library of Congress, provides online access for the first time to over two hundred Fox Movietone News newsreels released in American theaters from September 1942 through August 1944. Before the era of television news broadcasts, newsreels were shown in theaters across the country to inform and entertain audiences. During the war, two newsreels per week were released by each of the five major American newsreel companies (Fox Movietone News, Universal News, Hearst News of the Day, Paramount News, and Pathé News). These 8 to 10 minute Fox Movietone News newsreels record how the world appeared on screen to the American public during the war. As a whole, the collection helps us better understand how the war was waged on the home front. The films reveal a concerted effort to sustain a sense of “normalcy” in America even as war ravaged much of the globe. Battlefield victories (and losses) were interspersed with beauty pageants and ball games. But even when light-hearted news dominated much of a newsreel, the war was an inescapable reality.
John Hensel (1919-1999) Photograph Collection
A native of Kenton, Ohio, John LeRoy Hensel came to Columbia during World War II, upon being stationed at the Columbia Army Air Base as a bomber pilot instructor. Following his return to Columbia in 1946, Hensel opened a photography business in which he extensively photographed children for grade school pictures and many historic people and places throughout the city. This collection contains a series of his photographs from 1949 to 1951.
O.H. Wienges World War II Collection
This collection is comprised of first hand accounts, logs, and photographs of life on the U.S.S. Landing Craft Infantry 759 during World War II. The journaled account was written by Gerald Atherton forty years after his experiences. The Executive's morning order book was kept by Lt. O.H. Wienges while on the Naval ship. The collection also includes a map of the travel route taken by the U.S.S. LCI 759. As an added bonus, Wienge's diary as a teenager in 1938 is also included.
South Carolina and World War II
This virtual collection brings together materials documenting the South Carolina home-front during World War II as well as experiences of South Carolina soldiers.
William Jennings Bryan Dorn: In His Own Words
Named after William Jennings Bryan, Dorn was destined for a life in politics. He began his career at the age of 22 as the youngest member of the South Carolina House of Representatives and served in the United States Congress for 26 years. In his autobiography, Dorn: Of The People, he wrote, "Public speaking was a way life."
This collection of audio clips highlights Dorn's career of service to South Carolina and the nation. Through his pleasing Southern drawl, Dorn draws in his audiences with warmth and passion. The collection is composed of various speeches from the campaign trail and addresses to the American Legion. Additional clips are excerpts from his 1980 and 1981 oral history interviews. Topics include World War II, civil rights, and national defense.