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New South Newspaper, 1862 - 1866
Union postmaster Joseph H. Sears published the New South newspaper out of the post office building on Union Square in Port Royal, S.C., on a weekly basis beginning in March 1862. The paper was moved to the town of Beaufort sometime in 1865 and remained there until it ceased in 1867. The New South offers a glimpse into an era of unprecedented social upheaval in the South Carolina Lowcountry. The 64 issues available online are fully searchable and readable with the use of the Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Phosphates in South Carolina, 1870 - 1890
During the late 19th century the discovery of phosphate deposits in the Charleston and Florence areas marked the beginning of a rapidly growing industry in South Carolina. Phosphates are rocks formed from the fossilized remains of sea creatures found in areas once covered by oceans. In South Carolina, phosphates were used as fertilizers to extend the life of crops. Freedmen flocked toward the industry seeking employment, and with the financial support of Northern financiers, Carolina farmers began production of this highly sought-after material.
Tried as by Fire: or, The True and The False, Socially by Victoria Woodhull
Victoria Claflin Woodhull (1838-1927) was the first woman to run for President of the United States, the first female stockbroker on Wall Street, and the publisher of the first English translation of the Communist Manifesto. With her sister, Tennessee, she published a progressive journal, Woodhull and Claflin's Weekly (1870-1876) and was involved with the early women's rights movement in America. This 1874 speech, a stinging attack on marriage, was part of her truly radical vision of social, economic, and political equality for both men and women.
U.S. Food Administration Food Conservation Notes, 1918
The U.S. Food Administration was established by Executive Order 2679-A (August 10, 1917). President Wilson appointed Herbert Hoover as its administrator. Hoover realized that conservation was the only way to quickly increase food stocks and correctly believed that people would voluntarily conserve food to help the war effort. Through promotions such as Meatless Mondays and Wheat-less Wednesdays, the agency was able to reduce domestic food consumption by 15% and supply US and allied forces. The US Food Administration ceased with Executive Order 3320 (August 21, 1920) after post-war shipments of food had helped prevent famine in Europe.
This collection contains USDA Periodicals titled, The Cotton Situation (1947-1948), The Farm Income Situation (1946-1955), The Fruit Situation (1946-1949), The Marketing and Transportation Situation (1947-1948), and The Market Reporter (1920-1921).
WPA Week in National Defense
Issued in 1941, The WPA Week in National Defense presented brief news items concerning the Work Projects Administration’s activities throughout the United States. Formerly the Works Progress Administration, this agency provided jobs in construction, adult education, writing, and art. The WPA Week described products of this work leading up to the second World War. The circulars cover subjects such as the building of armories and air bases, mosquito control at military camps, renovation of water and natural gas supply systems, mural painting, and recreation.