The W. Graham Arader, III Collection at the University of South Carolina
Welcome to Arader Collection Journal. The catalogers working on cataloging the 9,000 plus item collection use this space to highlight some of their favorite selections based on the material they have cataloged to date. To see all of the items cataloged to date see the W. Graham Arader, III Collection in the online catalog.
Posted December 29th, 2013
John Gould (14 September 1804 – 3 February 1881) was an English ornithologist and bird artist. He published a number of monographs on birds, illustrated by plates that he produced with the assistance of his wife, Elizabeth Gould, and several other artists including Edward Lear, Henry Constantine Richter, Joseph Wolf and William Matthew Hart. He has been considered the father of bird study in Australia and the Gould League in Australia is named after him. His identification of the birds now nicknamed "Darwin's finches" played a role in the inception of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. Gould's work is referenced in Charles Darwin's book, On the Origin of Species. He is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, London.
Georg Dionysius Ehret
Posted December 22nd, 2013
Georg Dionysius Ehret (30 Jan. 1708– 9 Sep. 1770) was a botanist and entomologist, and is best known for his botanical illustrations.
Ehret was born in Germany to Ferdinand Christian Ehret, a gardener and competent draughtsman, and Anna Maria Ehret. Beginning his working life as a gardener's apprentice near Heidelberg, he became one of the most influential European botanical artists of all time. His first illustrations were in collaboration with Carl Linnaeus and George Clifford in 1735-1736. Clifford, a wealthy Dutch banker and governor of the Dutch East India Company was a keen botanist with a large herbarium. He had the income to attract the talents of botanists such as Linnaeus and artists like Ehret. Together at the Clifford estate, Hartecamp, which is located south of Haarlem in Heemstede near Bennebroek, they produced Hortus Cliffortianus in 1738, a masterpiece of early botanical literature.
Posted November 24th, 2013
Joan Blaeu (23 September 1596 – 28 May 1673) was a Dutch cartographer born in Alkmaar, the son of cartographer Willem Blaeu.
In 1620 he became a doctor of law but he joined the work of his father. In 1635 they published the Atlas Novus (full title: Theatrum orbis terrarum, sive, Atlas novus) in two volumes. Joan and his brother Cornelius took over the studio after their father died in 1638. Joan became the official cartographer of the Dutch East India Company.
Posted September 16th, 2013
Jean-Theodore Descourtilz (1796 – 1855) was a French naturalist, painter and illustrator, the son of botanist Michel Étienne Descourtilz (1775-1835). Descourtilz was a noted ornithological artist who published Oiseaux brillans du Bresil in Paris in 1834, and did the plant illustrations for his father's Flore Medicale des Antilles published between 1821 and 1829.
Posted September 11th, 2013
Leonhart Fuchs (1501 – 10 May 1566), was a German physician and botanist. He is chiefly known as the author of an herbal (a book about plants and their medicinal uses), De historia stripium commentary insigne (Basel, 1542). It contains 511 hand-colored woodcuts accurately depicting plants Fuchs drew from life. Fuch's Herbal proved and emphasized the importance of high-quality drawings as the most telling way to specify what a plant name stands for. The Herbal was reprinted 39 times and translated into German, French, Spanish, and Dutch. The botanical genus Fuchsia is named in his honor.
Posted August 24th, 2013
Pierre-Joseph Redouté (1750-1840) was a botanist, botanical illustrator, and painter known for his watercolors, of roses, lilies and other flowers. He was known as the "The Raphael of flowers."
Redouté was the official court artist of Queen Marie Antoinette, and he continued painting through the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror. He survived the turbulent political upheaval to enjoy the patronage of the Empress Josephine. He later became her official artist and painted the roses in her collection at Malmaison.
He gained international recognition for his precise renderings of plants, which remain as fresh in the early 21st century as when first panted. Over the course of his career he published over 2,100 plates depicting over 1,800 different species, many of which had never been rendered before.
Posted August 22nd, 2013
Elizabeth Blachrie Blackwell (1707-1758), the botanical author and artist, was born in Aberdeen, Scotland. At 28, she married Alexander Blackwell, who started a printing business with her dowry. The business failed and Alexander Blackwell went to debtors’ prison in 1734. Elizabeth Blackwell used her talents as an artist to produce realistic images of medicinal plants with the intention of publishing her work as a reference work for apothecaries in order to secure his release from debtors’ prison. She drew from the plants in the Chelsea Physic Garden, which included, plants from the Americas, and then did the copperplate engravings herself, with Alexander Blackwell’s text. Her book, A Curious Herbal (1737-1739), includes 500 plates, and is among the earliest publications on botany by a woman.