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Bibliography provided by Jennifer Ottervik.


Campus Resources   Other Resources


Abrahams, Roger. Singing the Master: The Emergence of African-American Culture in the Plantation South. New York: Pantheon Books, 1992.

Adams, Edward C. L. Tales of the Congaree. Includes Congaree Sketches (1927) and Nigger to Nigger (1928). Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Dr. C.L. Edwards, a physician from the Congaree River area, collected tales and poems from the slaves who worked on his land. Originally published as two separate books, they are both included in this reprint.

The African Methodist Episcopal Church. Hymn and Tune Book. Philadelphia: African Methodist Episcopal Book Concern, 1938.

Allen, William Francis, Charles Pickard Ware, and Lucy McKim Garrison. Slave Songs of the United States. Reprint, New York: A. Simpson, 1867. New York: Dover Publications, 1995.

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Ball, Edward. The Sweet Smell of Hell Inside: A Family History. New York: William Morrow, 2001.

Bastin, Bruce. Red River Blues: The Blues Tradition in the Southeast. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986.

Bennett, Lerone Jr. Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America, 6th ed. New York: Penguin Books, 1988.

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1998.

Blassingame, John W. The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South, rev. and enl. ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Booth, Stanley. Rhythm Oil: A Journey Through the Music of the American South. New York: Pantheon Books, 1991.

Botkin, B.A., ed. A Treasury of Southern Folklore: Stories, Ballads, Traditions, and Folkways of the People of the South. New York: Bonanza Books, 1980.

Boyd, Joe Dan. Judge Jackson and the Colored Sacred Harp. Alabama: American Folk Life Association, 2002.

Bracey, Jr., John, August Meier, and Elliott Rudwick. Free Blacks in America, 1800-1860. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing, 1971.

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Caldwell, Hansonia L. African American Music: A Chronology, 1619-1995. Los Angeles: IKORO Communications, 1996.

Carawan, Guy, and Candi Carawan. Ain't You Got a Right To the Tree of Life? Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Charters, Samuel. The Poetry of the Blues. New York: Oak Publications, 1963.

________. The Roots of the Blues: An African Search. Boston: Marion Boyars Publishers, 1981.

Cooper, Michael L. Slave Spirituals and the Jubilee Singers. New York: Clarion Books, 2001.

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Dett, Nathaniel, R., ed. Religious Folk-Songs of The Negro. Hampton, Virginia: Hampton Institute Press, 1927.

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Eltis, David. The Rise of African Slavery in the Americas. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Epstein, Dena J. Sinful Tunes and Spirituals: Black Folk Music to the Civil War. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977.

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Fields, Mamie Garvin, and Karen Fields. Lemon Swamp and Other Places: A Carolina Memoir. New York: The Free Press, 1983.

Fisher, Miles Mark. Negro Slave Songs in the United States. New York: Cornell University Press, 1953.

Floyd, Jr. Samuel A., and Marsha J. Reisser. Black Music in the United States: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Kraus International, 1983.

Franklin, Benjamin, V. "The Problem of Local Jazz History: The Example of South Carolina." In Jazz in Mind: Essays on the History and Meaning of Jazz, ed. by Reginald T. Buckner and Steven Weiland. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1991.

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George, Carol. Richard Allen and the Emergence of Independent Black Churches, 1760-1840. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Genovese, Eugene D. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York: Vintage Books, 1976.

Geraty, Virginia Mixson. Porgy: A Gullah Version. Charleston: Wyrick and Co., 1990.

Gordon, Asa H. Sketches of Negro Life and History in South Carolina. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1929.

Green Jeffrey P. Edmund Thornton Jenkins: The Life and Times of an American, Black Composer, 1894-1926. Contributions to the Study of Music and Dance, Number 2. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1982.

Gutman, Herbert, G. The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750-1925. New York: Pantheon Books, 1976.

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Ham, Debra Newman, ed. The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture. Washington: Library of Congress, 1993.

Harris, William J., ed. Society and Culture in the Slave South. New York: Rutledge, 1992.

Hart, Jr., Edward Brantley. Gullah Spirituals in Prayer Meetings on Johns Island, South Carolina. D.M.A. diss., University of South Carolina, 1993.

Heyward, Dubose. Mamba's Daughters. New York: Doubleday, Doran and Company, Inc., 1929.

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. Army Life in a Black Regiment. Boston: Fields, Osgood, and Co., 1870. Reprint, Cambridge: University Press: Welch, Bigelow, and Co., 1981.

Hoskins, Charles Lwanga. Out of Yamacraw and Beyond: Discovering Black Savannah. Savannah, Georgia: The Gullah Press, 2002.

Hughes, Roberta Wright, and Wilbur B. Hughes III. Lay Down Body: Living in African American Cemeteries. Ed. by Gina Renèe Misiroglu. Detroit, Michigan: Visible Inc. Press, 1996.

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Jackson, Jerma A. Singing in My Soul: Black Gospel in a Secular Age. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Johnson, Guy B. Folk Culture on St. Helena Island. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1930.

Johnson, Guion Griffis. A Social History of the Sea Islands. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1930.

Johnson, James Weldon, and J. Rosamond Johnson. The Books of American Negro Spirituals. 2 vols. New York: Viking Press, 1940.

Johnson, Rosamond, J., ed. Rolling Along in Song. New York: Viking Press, 1937.

Jones-Jackson, Patricia. When Roots Die: Endangered Traditions on the Sea Islands. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1987.

Joyner, Charles W. Folk Song in South Carolina. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1971.

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Klingberg, Frank J. An Appraisal of the Negro In Colonial South Carolina: A Study In Americanization. Philadelphia: Porcupine Press, 1975.

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Lerma de, Dominique-René. Black Music in Our Culture: Curricular Ideas on the Subjects, Materials and Problems. Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1970.

Levine Lawrence L. Black Culture and Black Conscious: Afro-American Thought from Slavery to Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.

Lincoln, C. Eric. The Negro Pilgrimage in America. Banther Pathfinder Edition. Banther Books: New York, 1967.

Lovell, John, Jr. Black Song: The Forge and The Flame. New York: Paragon House Publishers, 1986.

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Marsh, J. B. T. The Story of the Jubilee Singers with Their Songs. Rev. ed. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1881?

McKissack, Patricia C. A Picture of Freedom: The Diary of Clotee, a Slave Girl. New York: Scholastic Inc., 1997.

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Negro Songs from Alabama, rev. and enl. 2d ed. Collected by Harold Courlander. Music Transcribed by John Brooks. New York: Oak Publications, 1963.

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Odum, Howard. W., and Guy B. Johnson. The Negro and His Songs: A Study of Typical Negro Songs in the South. New York: The New American Library, 1969.

Oliver, Paul. Blues Fell This Morning. New York: Horizon Press, 1960.

Oliver, Paul, Tony Russell, Robert M.W. Dixon, John Godrich, and Howard Rye. Yonder Come The Blues. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

An Oral History of Edisto Island: The Life and Times of Bubberson Brown, 1st ed. Transcribed by Nick Lindsay. Indiana: Pinchpenny Press, 1977.

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Parrish, Lydia. Slave Songs of the Georgia Sea Islands. Music transcribed by Creighton Churchill and Robert MacGimsey. New York: Creative Age Press, Inc., 1942.

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Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the Civil War. New introduction by William S. McFeely. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., 1953. Reprint, Da Capo Press Inc, 1989.

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Raboteau, Albert J. Slave Religion: The "Invisible Institution" in the Antebellum South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Roach, Hildred. Black American Music: Past and Present. Boston: Crescendo Publishing Co., 1973.

Roberts, John Storm. Black Music of Two Worlds. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1974.

Robertson, David. Denmark Vesey: The Buried History of America's Largest Slave Rebellion and the Man Who Led It. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999.

Rosenbaum, Art. Shout Because You’re Free: The African American Ring Shout Tradition in Coastal Georgia. Photographs by Margo Newmark. Musical Transcriptions and Historical Essay by Johann S. Buis. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1998.

Rublowsky, John. Black Music in America. New York: Basic Books, 1971.

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Scarborough, Dorothy, and Ola Lee Gulledge. On the Trail of Negro Folk-Songs. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1925.

Singleton, Teresa A., ed. The Archaeology of Slavery and Plantation Life. Orlando, Florida: Academic Press, 1985.

Smythe, Augustine T., Herbert Ravenel Sass, Alfred Huger, Beatrice Ravenel, Thomas R. Waring, Archibald Rutledge, DuBose Heyward, Katharine C. Hutson, and Robert W. Gordon. The Carolina Low-Country. New York: Macmillan Company, 1931.

Southern, Eileen and Josephine Wright. Images: Iconography of Music in African-American Culture, 1770s-1920s. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 2000.

Southern, Eileen. The Music of Black American: A History. New York: W. W. Norton,1983.

Stevenson, Brenda, ed. The Journals of Charlotte Forten Grimké. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

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Taylor, Marshall W. A Collection of Revival Hymns and Plantation Melodies. Music comp. by Miss Josephine Robinson. Cincinnati: Marshall W. Taylor and W.C. Echols, 1882.

Thomas, Hugh. The Slave Trade: The Story of Atlantic Slave Trade: 1440-1870. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997.

Thomas, Velma Maia. Freedom’s Children: The Journey from Emancipation into the Twentieth Century. New York: Crown Publishers, 2000.

_________. No Man Can Hinder Me: The Journey from Slavery to Emancipation through Song. New York: Crown Publishers, 2001.

Thornton, John. Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic world, 1400-1800, 2d. ed. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

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Wald, Elijah. Josh White: Society Blues. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Walker, Cornelia G. History of Music in South Carolina: South Carolina Composers and Works. Columbia, SC: R. L. Bryan Company, 1958.

Walker, Wyatt Tee. Somebody's Calling My Name. Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press, 1979.

Warren, Gwendolin Sims. Ev'ry Time I Feel the Spirit: 101 Best-Loved Psalms, Gospel Hymns, and Spiritual Songs of the African-American Church. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1997.

Williamson, Joel. After Slavery. New York: W. W. Norton, 1965.

Wilson, Jackie Napolean. Hidden Witness: African-American Images from the Dawn of Photography to the Civil War. New York: St. Martin Press, 1999.

Windley, Lathan Algerna. Edited by Graham Hodges. A Profile of Runaway Slaves in Virginia and South Carolina from 1730 through 1787. New York: Garland Publishing, 1995.

Wood, Peter H. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina From 1672 through the Stono Rebellion. New York: Alfred A. Knopf Inc., 1974.

Work, John W. American Negro Songs: 230 Folk Songs and Spirituals, Religious and Secular. New York: Dover Publications, 1998.

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Campus Resources

In addition to the holdings in the Music Library, other related materials may be found on campus:

Black Thought & Culture

The aim of the collection is to provide the non-fiction works of leading African-Americans so that scholars and students can appreciate the development of African American thought from its beginnings to the present. Along with well-known works, the collection features approximately 5,000 pages of unique, fugitive, and never-before-published materials. Available on and off campus.

The South Caroliniana Library

Holdings include books, newspapers, manuscripts, pamphlets, serials, maps, audio recordings, and visual images. Four major research divisions of the library include: Books, Manuscripts, Modern Political Collections, and University Archives.

McKissick Museum's Folklife Resource Center

USC Film Library's Fox Movietone News Collection

Filmed news stories and performances from 1919 to 1936

  • Gullah Musicians
  • Piedmont and Low-Country Blues Artists
  • Southern Gospel Choirs
  • African-American brass bands
  • Southern Work Song Traditions (chain gangs, field work, etc.)
  • Dance Bands and Orchestras
  • Early Jazz Artists

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Other Resources

State Resources

Out-of-State Resources

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