"During building of the Poplar Grove school, Santuck, South Carolina: "We went out there when they laid the foundation to see how they dig out the trench and everything. I remember once we carried Daddy lunch.." – Lugene Gist oral history interview

SC Rosenwald Schools Timeline

The following timeline features key dates in the educational experiences of the collection's interviewees, pertaining to Rosenwald Schools and other African-American institutions of education, predominantly in South Carolina. To view enlarged images of the Rosenwald schools, courtesy of South Carolina Department of Archives and History, and of the collection's interviewees, click the thumbnails as they appear below.

Dorothy Evans attends Amidon-Bowen Elementary and Samuel Chapman Armstrong Technical High School, both located in Washington, DC.

Evans discusses her educational experiences growing up in Washington, D.C., attending Amidon-Bowen Elementary and Samuel Chapman Armstrong Technical High School prior to moving to South Carolina and attending Allen University, majoring in elementary education. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Early 1910s - Late 1910s

Rosana Felder attends Booker T. Washington High (Columbia, SC)

Felder discusses her educational experiences at Booker T. Washington High School (class of 1922) and Allen University (class of 1949), her teaching experiences at Swanson Elementary (Greenville County) and her time spent singing for the Allen University and Bethel A.M.E. Choruses. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1910s - Early 1920s

Rosana Felder

Dorothy Evans attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Evans discusses her educational experiences growing up in Washington, D.C., attending Amidon-Bowen Elementary and Samuel Chapman Armstrong Technical High School prior to moving to South Carolina and attending Allen University, majoring in elementary education. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1910s - 1922

Dorothy Evans

Agnes Burgess attends Claflin University (Grades 1-7) (Orangeburg, SC)

Burgess discusses her educational experiences at Claflin and Elloree elementary schools during the 1920s and 1930s. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Early 1920s

Agnes Burgess

Lugene Gist attends Greenbrier School of Whitmire (in Newberry, County), SC

Gist discusses her educational experiences attending Greenbrier School and night school at Poplar Grove School (both in Union County). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1920 - 1924

Julia Spann Long attends Finley Elementary & High School (Rock Hill, SC)

Long discusses her educational experiences attending Finley Elementary and High School (Chester County, South Carolina), Benedict College, majoring in English and Math, and her Master's studies at Atlanta University (now Clark Atlanta University), teaching career at H.H. Butler High School, Johnson C. Smith University, and University of South Carolina, Union. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1920s

Finley Grammar School

Telicious Kenly Boyd attends Pine Grove Elementary and Harbison Junior College (Irmo, SC)

Boyd discusses the prominent role of education in her life, including a detailed description of Pine Grove Elementary School (Richland County, South Carolina), games played, school lunches, and the Piney Grove A.M.E. Church, which donated the land upon which the elementary school was built. She also discusses her time at Harbison Junior College and Allen University. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1920 - 1930s

Pine Grove Elementary

Frederick James attends Howard Junior High

James discusses his educational experiences at the Rosenwald schools in Prosperity, South Carolina and Allen University, his career as a bishop in Africa, his friendship with former United States President William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton, the importance and influence of his early education, and his service as chairman of the Howard Junior High Restoration Center Initiative. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1927 - 1937

Frederick C. James

Agnes Burgess attends Allen University (High School) (Columbia, SC)

Burgess discusses her educational experiences at Claflin and Elloree elementary schools during the 1920s and 1930s. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1928 - 1931

Agnes Burgess

Lugene Gist attends Poplar Grove (Union, SC)

Gist discusses her educational experiences attending Greenbrier School and night school at Poplar Grove School (both in Union County). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1928 - 1931

Lugene Gist

Willie Mae Jeter Kelly attends Tinker Creek Elementary (Whitmire, SC)

Kelly discusses her educational experiences at Tinker Creek Elementary School in Union County, South Carolina, its physical layout, teachers and coaches at Sims High School, combined-grade classes and activities such as recess games, cake walks, spelling bees, and exchanging letters with students at nearby Poplar Grove School. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1930s

Emma Jennings attends McBeth Grammar, Carem Elementary, Poplar Grove and Beatty Bridge (all located in Union, SC)

Jennings discusses her educational experiences in the 1930s at four elementary schools: McBeth Grammar, Carem Elementary, Poplar Grove and Beatty Bridge, describes the size of the school buildings and classes, school activities, games played at recess, community involvement, length of the school year, and the difficulties faced by parents, students, and faculty. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1930s

Poplar Grove Elementary

Jimmie Sims attends McBeth Grammar, Carem Elementary, Poplar Grove and Beatty Bridge (all located in Union, SC)

Sims discusses his educational experiences in Union, South Carolina at McBeth, Carem, Poplar Grove, Beatty Bridge and Sims High School, being drafted into the United States Army, attending the Tuskegee Institute graduating with a degree in nutritional dietetics, field trips to Charleston, South Carolina, and Asheville, North Carolina, social clubs, organizations and sports activities at Sims High School. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1930s

Beatty Bridge Elementary

Durham Carter attends elementary at Booker T. Washington High and Howard Elementary

Carter discusses his experiences attending Booker T. Washington and Howard Elementary schools (both located in Columbia, South Carolina), commenting specifically on the teachers, notable graduates, and classes and extracurricular activities that were available. Carter also discusses his experiences at Allen University, his masters degree work at Indiana University, his career as a high school teacher and counselor in Aiken, South Carolina, his participation in the integration of schools, and his civic work. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1930s - Circa 1940

Howard Elementary

Julia Spann Long attends Benedict College (Columbia, SC)

Long discusses her educational experiences attending Finley Elementary and High School (Chester County, South Carolina), Benedict College, majoring in English and Math, and her Master's studies at Atlanta University (now Clark Atlanta University), teaching career at H.H. Butler High School, Johnson C. Smith University, and University of South Carolina, Union. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Early 1930s

Novella Mills attends Pine Grove Elementary and Harbison Junior College (Irmo, SC)

Mills discusses her educational experiences at Pine Grove Elementary, general description and games played, being bused to Harbison Junior College from 6th grade until the school burned down in tenth grade, attending Booker T. Washington High School for one year, attending Allen University, descriptions of many teachers, and her mother's teaching career. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Early 1930s

Pine Grove Elementary

Mattie Savage attends Beatty Bridge Elementary

Savage discusses her educational experiences in Union, South Carolina, attending Beatty Bridge Elementary School, a Rosenwald School, walking four miles to school, recess games, raising money to fund an additional month of the teacher's salary, a school field trip to Columbia, South Carolina and touring Allen University. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Early 1930s

Mattie Savage

Berry Peake attends Tinker Creek Elementary (Whitmire, SC), Poplar Grove Elementary and Greenbrier Elementary (Union, SC)

Peake discusses his educational experiences growing up in Union, South Carolina, including his attendance at Tinker Creek Elementary, Poplar Grove Elementary and Greenbrier Elementary Schools. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1931

Poplar Grove Elementary

Agnes Burgess attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Burgess discusses her educational experiences at Claflin and Elloree elementary schools during the 1920s and 1930s. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1932

Agnes Burgess

Willie M. Jefferson attends the Mayesville Institute

Jefferson discusses his educational experiences at Mayesville Institute in Mayesville, South Carolina; the school's 160 acre farm; classes in blacksmithing, masonry, and carpentry; and graduating in 1946. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1930s - 1943

Willie M. Jefferson

William Cannon attends Celia Dial Saxon Elementary (grades 1-7) and Booker T. Washington High School (Columbia, SC)

Cannon discusses his educational experiences at Saxon Elementary School, Booker T. Washington High School, Allen University and South Carolina State College (modern day South Carolina State University) in Orangeburg, South Carolina, his time in the United States Army and his 30-year teaching career at Voorhees College, Booker T. Washington High School, A.C. Flora High School, and his tenure as an Assistant Principal at Columbia High School. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1930s - 1946

William Cannon

Ralph Greer attends Central Elementary (Gaffney, SC), Main Street Grammar (Union, SC), and Union High School (Union, SC)

Greer discusses his experiences at Central Elementary, Main Street Grammar and Union High schools, living conditions in Union Mill Village (which was located close to black neighborhoods), his work for Excelsior Mills while a student at Wofford College, his time spent recording Sims High Football games for the local radio station, and his 35 years of work for the Union Daily Times and Spartanburg Herald newspapers. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1930s - 1946

Jean S. Hopkins attends Mills Creek AME School (Columbia, SC)

Hopkins discusses her educational experiences at Mill Creek A.M.E. Church and Waverly School in Columbia, South Carolina, addresses internal racism among African-American teachers and students, her ground-breaking hire as one of the first African-American nurses at Dorn Veterans Hospital (Columbia, South Carolina) and her position as a member of the Board of Trustees of Palmetto Richland Hospital. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Circa 1935 - Circa 1937

Jean S. Hopkins

John R. Stevenson attends Robert Smalls (Beaufort, SC); Alston High (Summerville, SC); Robertville Junior High (Robertville, SC)

Stevenson discusses his educational experiences as a student, teacher, and administrator in South Carolina, moving often in his childhood and attended a number of different schools as his father was an A.M.E. minister, teacher influences, the classes they taught, and their Northern education, attending Allen University and decision to become an elementary teacher, serving in the Korean War, receiving his Master's degree from Boston University, teaching career, integration, teacher and curriculum development decisions, being the first black Superintendent of a Richland County, South Carolina school district in the 1980s and 1990s. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1930s - Late 1940s

John R. Stevenson

Roosevelt Gilliam, Jr. attends St. Paul's Baptist Church School and McBeth Elementary (both of Union, SC)

Gilliam discusses his educational experiences in South Carolina in the 1940s, his teachers and coaches both in general and in particular, Sims High School, Prof Sims, Coach Moorer, activities such as fraternal clubs and the athletic program, anecdotes about playing football, attending Allen University. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1930s - Circa 1946

McBeth Grammar School

Kay Patterson attends an unnamed elementary school and Savage Glover Elementary (Sumter, SC)

Patterson discusses his educational experiences in South Carolina, descriptions of segregated schools, walking to school, the sports program at his high school and wearing uniforms passed down from white schools, teachers and their teaching styles, his favorite teacher in high school, the beginning of his journey to becoming a state senator, attending Claflin University onward. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1930s - Early 1940s

Kay Patterson

Frederick James attends Drayton Street High (Newberry, SC)

James discusses his educational experiences at the Rosenwald schools in Prosperity, South Carolina and Allen University, his career as a bishop in Africa, his friendship with former United States President William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton, the importance and influence of his early education, and his service as chairman of the Howard Junior High Restoration Center Initiative. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1937 - 1939

Frederick C. James

Jean S. Hopkins attends Waverly Elementary (Columbia, SC)

Hopkins discusses her educational experiences at Mill Creek A.M.E. Church and Waverly School in Columbia, South Carolina, addresses internal racism among African-American teachers and students, her ground-breaking hire as one of the first African-American nurses at Dorn Veterans Hospital (Columbia, South Carolina) and her position as a member of the Board of Trustees of Palmetto Richland Hospital. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1937 - 1942

Jean S. Hopkins

George Harkness attends Due West Elementary (Due West, SC)

Harkness discusses his educational experiences at Due West Elementary, Carver High School, Allen University, career influences in educational administration, and his time serving on the Allen University Board of Trustees which, in 2013, totaled twenty-four years. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Circa 1938 - Circa 1940

Due West Elementary

Frederick James attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

James discusses his educational experiences at the Rosenwald schools in Prosperity, South Carolina and Allen University, his career as a bishop in Africa, his friendship with former United States President William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton, the importance and influence of his early education, and his service as chairman of the Howard Junior High Restoration Center Initiative. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1939 - 1941

Frederick C. James

Telicious Kenly Boyd attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Boyd discusses the prominent role of education in her life, including a detailed description of Pine Grove Elementary School (Richland County, South Carolina), games played, school lunches, and the Piney Grove A.M.E. Church, which donated the land upon which the elementary school was built. She also discusses her time at Harbison Junior College and Allen University. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1940s

Mary Gregory Dillard attends Maple Ridge Elementary and McBeth Grammar Schools (both of Union, SC)

Dillard discusses her educational experiences at Maple Ridge Elementary, St. Jacobs Lodge, McBeth Elementary and Sims High schools (Union County, South Carolina), her time attending Friendship Junior College and Benedict College, and her teaching experiences at various schools in Georgia and South Carolina (including Bryson High School, Sims High School, and Union High School) prior to her retirement in 1992. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1940s

Mary Gregory Dillard

James Floyd attends Fleming Cain Elementary (Laurens, SC)

Floyd discusses his educational experiences, various coaches and players from South Carolina who had notable careers in collegiate and professional track and field, and football, attending Fleming King Elementary and Thomas Sanders High School in Laurens, South Carolina, graduating in 1953, attending Allen University (Columbia, South Carolina), graduating with a degree in biology in addition to his career in the military and coaching. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1940s - Circa 1948

James Floyd

Ernest Jones attends Brutontown Intermediate School (Greenville, SC)

Jones discusses his educational experiences growing up in Greenville County, South Carolina, attending Brutown Intermediate and Sterling High School, playing football as well as Negro League baseball for the Greenville Black Spinners, attending Allen University as well as his career. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Early 1940s

Ernest Jones

Roy Henderson attends Washington High School in Pennsylvania; his schooling was interrupted by military service, then continued later at SC State University

Henderson discusses his educational experiences in Pennsylvania, joining the U.S. Navy, attending South Carolina State on a football scholarship, coaching at Lamar High School (Darlington County, South Carolina), St. Stephens Colored High School (Berkeley County, South Carolina), and Carver High School (Spartanburg County, South Carolina). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Early 1940s

Joseph Brown attends Oak Grove Elementary (Anderson, SC)

Brown discusses his educational experiences in Anderson County, South Carolina. Brown attended Oak Grove Elementary, Anderson County Training School, and Allen University, where he majored in elementary and physical education. Brown taught elementary school at Reeder Point School before becoming principal at Hopkins Elementary (Richland County, South Carolina) and I.E. Johnson High School (Laurinburg, North Carolina). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Circa 1940 - Circa 1942

Joseph Brown

George Harkness attends Carver High School (Lake City, SC)

Harkness discusses his educational experiences at Due West Elementary, Carver High School, Allen University, career influences in educational administration, and his time serving on the Allen University Board of Trustees which, in 2013, totaled twenty-four years. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Circa 1940 - 1949

Novella Mills attends Booker T. Washington High School (Columbia, SC)

Mills discusses her educational experiences at Pine Grove Elementary, general description and games played, being bused to Harbison Junior College from 6th grade until the school burned down in tenth grade, attending Booker T. Washington High School for one year, attending Allen University, descriptions of many teachers, and her mother's teaching career. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1940 - 1942

Jimmie Sims attends Sims High School (Union, SC)

Sims discusses his educational experiences in Union, South Carolina at McBeth, Carem, Poplar Grove, Beatty Bridge and Sims High School, being drafted into the United States Army, attending the Tuskegee Institute graduating with a degree in nutritional dietetics, field trips to Charleston, South Carolina, and Asheville, North Carolina, social clubs, organizations and sports activities at Sims High School. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1940 - 1943

Sims High School

Durham Carter attends Booker T. Washington High School(Columbia, SC)

Carter discusses his experiences attending Booker T. Washington and Howard Elementary schools (both located in Columbia, South Carolina), commenting specifically on the teachers, notable graduates, and classes and extracurricular activities that were available. Carter also discusses his experiences at Allen University, his masters degree work at Indiana University, his career as a high school teacher and counselor in Aiken, South Carolina, his participation in the integration of schools, and his civic work. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1941 - 1946

Dill Gamble attends Melina High School (Sardinia, SC, which is located in Clarendon County)

Gamble discusses his experiences attending Melina, a Rosenwald school located in Clarendon County, South Carolina, and Drayton Street High School in Newberry County, South Carolina, commenting specifically on the activities, chores, and spelling bees at Melina School. In her oral history interview, Gist discusses her educational experiences attending Greenbrier School and night school at Poplar Grove School (both in Union County). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1941 - 1950

Dill Gamble

Willie M. Jefferson attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Jefferson discusses his educational experiences at Mayesville Institute in Mayesville, South Carolina; the school's 160 acre farm; classes in blacksmithing, masonry, and carpentry; and graduating in 1946. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1943 - 1946

Willie M. Jefferson

Jean S. Hopkins attends Booker T. Washington High (Columbia, SC)

Hopkins discusses her educational experiences at Mill Creek A.M.E. Church and Waverly School in Columbia, South Carolina, addresses internal racism among African-American teachers and students, her ground-breaking hire as one of the first African-American nurses at Dorn Veterans Hospital (Columbia, South Carolina) and her position as a member of the Board of Trustees of Palmetto Richland Hospital. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1943 - 1947

Jean S. Hopkins

Willie Jeffries attends McBeth Grammar (Union, SC)

Jeffries discusses his educational experiences at McBeth Elementary and Sims High School (Union, South Carolina) playing sports, the influence of his teachers, principals, and coaches, Rosenwald Day celebrations including a song, Indiana University, South Carolina State College (now South Carolina State University) Granard School (Gaffney, Cherokee County, SC), his career coaching football. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1943 - 1951

McBeth Grammar School

Joseph Brown attends Pendleton Elementary (Anderson, SC)

Brown discusses his educational experiences in Anderson County, South Carolina. Brown attended Oak Grove Elementary, Anderson County Training School, and Allen University, where he majored in elementary and physical education. Brown taught elementary school at Reeder Point School before becoming principal at Hopkins Elementary (Richland County, South Carolina) and I.E. Johnson High School (Laurinburg, North Carolina). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Circa 1943 - Circa 1947

Joseph Brown

Willie Mae Jeter Kelly attends Sims High (Union, SC)

Kelly discusses her educational experiences at Tinker Creek Elementary School in Union County, South Carolina, its physical layout, teachers and coaches at Sims High School, combined-grade classes and activities such as recess games, cake walks, spelling bees, and exchanging letters with students at nearby Poplar Grove School. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1944 - 1947

Sims High School

John Harold Bates attends McBeth Grammar and Sims High (both of Union, SC)

Bates discusses his educational experiences at McBeth Elementary and Sims High School (Union, South Carolina), the football team and Coach Moorer, his career as a basketball coach at Maryland Eastern Shore and Coppin State University, and a few of his players that were drafted into the National Basketball Association. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1940s - Mid-1950s

McBeth Grammar School

Mildred McDuffie attends Celia Dial Saxon Elementary and Booker T. Washington High (both of Columbia, SC)

McDuffie discusses her educational experiences in Columbia, South Carolina at Celia Saxon Elementary and Booker T. Washington High School, Allen University (class of 1957) and the Business department, Benedict College, working at the Columbia Housing Authority and pay disparity, volunteering as well as her careers in education and the judicial system. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1940s - Mid-1950s

Mildred McDuffie

Carl Van Williams attends Chalk Hill Elementary (Lexington, SC) and Lakeview High (West Columbia, SC)

Williams discusses his educational experiences at Chalk Hill Elementary, Lakeview High School, and Allen University, graduating Allen University with a major in Mathematics and a minor in Chemistry, his career as a school teacher and basketball coach. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1940s - Late 1950s

Chalk Hill Elementary

Modest Keenan attends McBeth Grammar and Sims High (both of Union, SC)

Keenan discusses his educational experiences growing up in Union County, South Carolina at McBeth Elementary School and Sims High School, time spent in the U.S. Navy, use of the G.I. Bill to obtain an license in cosmetology and an associate's degree in accounting, and owning and operating his father's barber shop. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1940s - Late 1950s

Modest Keenan

Ted Trantham attends Central Elementary (Gaffney, SC); Monarch Elementary and Union High (both of Union, SC)

Trantham discusses his educational experiences at Central and Monarch Elementary schools and Union High School (all located in Union County, South Carolina), commenting specifically on attending football and basketball games, as a white man, at segregated Sims High School. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1940s - Late 1950s

Ted Trantham

Rosana Felder attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Felder discusses her educational experiences at Booker T. Washington High School (class of 1922) and Allen University (class of 1949), her teaching experiences at Swanson Elementary (Greenville County) and her time spent singing for the Allen University and Bethel A.M.E. Choruses. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

View Transcript

Late 1940s

Rosana Felder

John R. Stevenson attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Stevenson discusses his educational experiences as a student, teacher, and administrator in South Carolina, moving often in his childhood and attended a number of different schools as his father was an A.M.E. minister, teacher influences, the classes they taught, and their Northern education, attending Allen University and decision to become an elementary teacher, serving in the Korean War, receiving his Master's degree from Boston University, teaching career, integration, teacher and curriculum development decisions, being the first black Superintendent of a Richland County, South Carolina school district in the 1980s and 1990s. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1940s - Early 1950s

John R. Stevenson

Rosa Jeter attends Tinker Creek Elementary and McBeth Grammar (Both of Whitmire, SC)

Jeter discusses her educational experiences at Tinker Creek Elementary, McBeth Elementary, and Sims High schools in Union County, South Carolina, commenting specifically on school lunches, closings, study habits, and walking several miles to school. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1940s - Circa 1954

Rosa Jeter

Tom Crosby attends McBeth Grammar and Sims High (both of Union, SC)

Crosby discusses his educational experiences in Union County, South Carolina, growing up in Santuck on his father's cotton farm, teachers who influenced him at McBeth Elementary, Sims High School, and Allen University, his pursuit of a Master's Degree at Indiana University and his Doctoral work at Pennsylvania State University. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1940s - Late 1950s

Tom Crosby

Roosevelt Gilliam, Jr. attends Sims High (Union, SC)

Gilliam discusses his educational experiences in South Carolina in the 1940s, his teachers and coaches both in general and in particular, Sims High School, Prof Sims, Coach Moorer, activities such as fraternal clubs and the athletic program, anecdotes about playing football, attending Allen University. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Circa 1946 - 1950

Sims High School

Kay Patterson attends Lincoln High (Sumter, SC)

Patterson discusses his educational experiences in South Carolina, descriptions of segregated schools, walking to school, the sports program at his high school and wearing uniforms passed down from white schools, teachers and their teaching styles, his favorite teacher in high school, the beginning of his journey to becoming a state senator, attending Claflin University onward. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1946 - 1949

Kay Patterson

William Cannon attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Cannon discusses his educational experiences at Saxon Elementary School, Booker T. Washington High School, Allen University and South Carolina State College (modern day South Carolina State University) in Orangeburg, South Carolina, his time in the United States Army and his 30-year teaching career at Voorhees College, Booker T. Washington High School, A.C. Flora High School, and his tenure as an Assistant Principal at Columbia High School. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1946 - 1950

William Cannon

Joseph Brown attends Anderson County Training School (Anderson, SC)

Brown discusses his educational experiences in Anderson County, South Carolina. Brown attended Oak Grove Elementary, Anderson County Training School, and Allen University, where he majored in elementary and physical education. Brown taught elementary school at Reeder Point School before becoming principal at Hopkins Elementary (Richland County, South Carolina) and I.E. Johnson High School (Laurinburg, North Carolina). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1948 - 1952

Joseph Brown

Kay Patterson attends Claflin University (Orangeburg, SC)

Patterson discusses his educational experiences in South Carolina, descriptions of segregated schools, walking to school, the sports program at his high school and wearing uniforms passed down from white schools, teachers and their teaching styles, his favorite teacher in high school, the beginning of his journey to becoming a state senator, attending Claflin University onward. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1949 - 1951

Kay Patterson

James Floyd attends Thomas Sanders High (Laurens, SC)

Floyd discusses his educational experiences, various coaches and players from South Carolina who had notable careers in collegiate and professional track and field, and football, attending Fleming King Elementary and Thomas Sanders High School in Laurens, South Carolina, graduating in 1953, attending Allen University (Columbia, South Carolina), graduating with a degree in biology in addition to his career in the military and coaching. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1949 - 1953

James Floyd

Mary Gregory Dillard attends Sims High (Union, SC); Friendship Junior College (Rock Hill, SC); and Benedict College (Columbia, SC)

Dillard discusses her educational experiences at Maple Ridge Elementary, St. Jacobs Lodge, McBeth Elementary and Sims High schools (Union County, South Carolina), her time attending Friendship Junior College and Benedict College, and her teaching experiences at various schools in Georgia and South Carolina (including Bryson High School, Sims High School, and Union High School) prior to her retirement in 1992. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1950s

Mary Gregory Dillard

Dill Gamble attends Drayton Street High (Newberry, SC)

Gamble discusses his experiences attending Melina, a Rosenwald school located in Clarendon County, South Carolina, and Drayton Street High School in Newberry County, South Carolina, commenting specifically on the activities, chores, and spelling bees at Melina School. In her oral history interview, Gist discusses her educational experiences attending Greenbrier School and night school at Poplar Grove School (both in Union County). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1950 - 1953

Dill Gamble

Jean S. Hopkins attends Columbia Hospital School of Nursing

Hopkins discusses her educational experiences at Mill Creek A.M.E. Church and Waverly School in Columbia, South Carolina, addresses internal racism among African-American teachers and students, her ground-breaking hire as one of the first African-American nurses at Dorn Veterans Hospital (Columbia, South Carolina) and her position as a member of the Board of Trustees of Palmetto Richland Hospital. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1950 - 1953

Jean S. Hopkins

Ernest Jones attends Sterling High (Greenville, SC)

Jones discusses his educational experiences growing up in Greenville County, South Carolina, attending Brutown Intermediate and Sterling High School, playing football as well as Negro League baseball for the Greenville Black Spinners, attending Allen University as well as his career. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1950 - 1953

Willie Jeffries attends Sims High (Union, SC)

Jeffries discusses his educational experiences at McBeth Elementary and Sims High School (Union, South Carolina) playing sports, the influence of his teachers, principals, and coaches, Rosenwald Day celebrations including a song, Indiana University, South Carolina State College (now South Carolina State University) Granard School (Gaffney, Cherokee County, SC), his career coaching football. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1952 - 1956

Sims High School

Ernest Jones attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Jones discusses his educational experiences growing up in Greenville County, South Carolina, attending Brutown Intermediate and Sterling High School, playing football as well as Negro League baseball for the Greenville Black Spinners, attending Allen University as well as his career. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1953

Ernest Jones

Kay Patterson attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Patterson discusses his educational experiences in South Carolina, descriptions of segregated schools, walking to school, the sports program at his high school and wearing uniforms passed down from white schools, teachers and their teaching styles, his favorite teacher in high school, the beginning of his journey to becoming a state senator, attending Claflin University onward. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1954 - 1956

Kay Patterson

Rosa Jeter attends Sims High (Union, SC)

Jeter discusses her educational experiences at Tinker Creek Elementary, McBeth Elementary, and Sims High schools in Union County, South Carolina, commenting specifically on school lunches, closings, study habits, and walking several miles to school. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1955 - 1959

Rosa Jeter

Mildred McDuffie attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

McDuffie discusses her educational experiences in Columbia, South Carolina at Celia Saxon Elementary and Booker T. Washington High School, Allen University (class of 1957) and the Business department, Benedict College, working at the Columbia Housing Authority and pay disparity, volunteering as well as her careers in education and the judicial system. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1950s - 1957

Mildred McDuffie

Howard F. Jeter attends Poplar Grove and McBeth Grammar (both of Union, SC)

Jeter discusses his educational experiences at Poplar Grove and McBeth Elementary, being the 1964 valedictorian of Sims High School, Morehouse College years, majoring in political science with minors in economics and French, the Merrill Study Travel Program/ Institute of European Studies, graduate work at Johns Hopkins University, and various assigned diplomatic positions to Africa, including stints as the U.S. Ambassador to Botswana (1983- 1986) and Nigeria (2000-2003). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Mid-1950s

Howard Jeter

Carl Van Williams attends Allen University (Columbia, SC)

Williams discusses his educational experiences at Chalk Hill Elementary, Lakeview High School, and Allen University, graduating Allen University with a major in Mathematics and a minor in Chemistry, his career as a school teacher and basketball coach. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1950s - 1961

John Haynesworth attends Savage Glover Elementary and Bates Junior High (both of Sumter, SC)

Haynesworth discusses his educational experiences in Sumter County at Savage-Glover Elementary, Bates Junior High, and Lincoln High School, South Carolina State College (now South Carolina State University) and his subsequent coaching and administrative duties. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1950s - Mid-1960s

Harold Thompson attends New Primary Elementary (Lukesville, SC) and Sims High School (Union, SC)

Thompson discusses his educational experiences in the Lukesville community of Union, South Carolina at New Primary elementary school and Sims High School, playing football and basketball in high school, moving to Washington, D.C., pursuing a degree in broadcast engineering from Temple Technical Institute, facing racism and prejudice in his career at WSPA - Channel 7- Spartanburg, South Carolina, and serving on the Union City Council and briefly as Mayor pro tem. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Late 1950s - Late 1960s

Harold Thompson

Kenneth Alston attends West End Elementary (Rock Hill, SC)

Alston discusses his educational experiences at West End Elementary and Emmett Scott High School (York County, South Carolina), Friendship Junior College (Rock Hill, South Carolina), St. Augustine's College (Raleigh, North Carolina), and Howard University, from which he earned his doctorate in chemistry. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1958 - 1964

West End Elementary

Howard F. Jeter attends Sims High (Union, SC)

Jeter discusses his educational experiences at Poplar Grove and McBeth Elementary, being the 1964 valedictorian of Sims High School, Morehouse College years, majoring in political science with minors in economics and French, the Merrill Study Travel Program/ Institute of European Studies, graduate work at Johns Hopkins University, and various assigned diplomatic positions to Africa, including stints as the U.S. Ambassador to Botswana (1983- 1986) and Nigeria (2000-2003). To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1960 - 1964

Howard F. Jeter

Allan From attends Sims High (Union, SC)

From discusses his educational experiences, the influence of Professor Sims on Sims High School and the broader community of Union County, S.C., his Jewish heritage, the origin of his family name, and his grandfather's store, I. From's, and its role in the African-American community. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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Circa 1964 - Circa 1968

Allan From

John Haynesworth attends Lincoln School (Sumter, SC)

Haynesworth discusses his educational experiences in Sumter County at Savage-Glover Elementary, Bates Junior High, and Lincoln High School, South Carolina State College (now South Carolina State University) and his subsequent coaching and administrative duties. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1965 - 1969

Linholn High School

Kenneth Alston attends Emmett Scott High (Rock Hill, SC)

Alston discusses his educational experiences at West End Elementary and Emmett Scott High School (York County, South Carolina), Friendship Junior College (Rock Hill, South Carolina), St. Augustine's College (Raleigh, North Carolina), and Howard University, from which he earned his doctorate in chemistry. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1965 - 1969

Jean S. Hopkins attends the USC School of Nursing (Columbia, SC)

Hopkins discusses her educational experiences at Mill Creek A.M.E. Church and Waverly School in Columbia, South Carolina, addresses internal racism among African-American teachers and students, her ground-breaking hire as one of the first African-American nurses at Dorn Veterans Hospital (Columbia, South Carolina) and her position as a member of the Board of Trustees of Palmetto Richland Hospital. To hear this interview, continue to the Audio page.

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1972 - 1976

Jean S. Hopkins
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