SCPC Celebrates Women’s History Month

I was once asked why I wanted to dedicate my career to the papers of “old, fat, bald” men. The question took me aback because SCPC’s collections contain rich materials documenting women in America, and I feel particularly close to a number of our women donors. And even the papers of Fritz Hollings, Bryan Dorn, Olin Johnston, etc., all include voluminous materials reflecting the concerns of female constituents and a variety of issues impacting on the lives of women in America.

League and Hollings

League President Keller Bumgardner (right) and Board member Claire Randall with the recently-elected Senator Fritz Hollings in 1967

SCPC is happy to celebrate Women’s History Month with two small exhibits in the Hollings Library’s Brittain Gallery.

The larger case showcases the papers of the League of Women Voters of South Carolina. This large archives documents the League’s founding, growth, and programming and is one of our core holdings. As I often comment, if you research almost any topic of importance—local, state or national—you will need to study the League’s papers. There is almost nothing about government or society that the League doesn’t address in some form. In addition to the state League, our holdings also document local leagues throughout the state and the work of League leaders. Given our shared interest in good government, many League leaders have become friends.

Against the Tide

Keyserling’s memoir, Against the Tide: One Woman’s Political Struggle

A second case is devoted to the papers of Harriet Keyserling and Liz Patterson. Mrs. Keyserling (1922-2010) came to public service only after rearing her children. The self-proclaimed “New York Jewish liberal,” represented Beaufort County in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1977 until her retirement in 1993. Her memoir provides wonderful insights into her life experiences and the workings of government. The collection itself, at 48 feet, is a particularly large collection for a state legislator. It reflects Keyserling’s deep interest in the arts, education, and nuclear energy and waste.

Patterson and Mann

Liz Patterson and Congressman James Mann speak with a constituent

Elizabeth “Liz” Johnston Patterson (b. 1939) grew up in the public eye as the daughter of former governor and U.S. Senator Olin Johnston. Like her father, she has enjoyed a life in public service. The Columbia College graduate worked with the Peace Corps, Vista, and Head Start, before joining the staff of S.C. Congressman James Mann in 1969. She won election to Spartanburg County Council in 1975, served in the state Senate beginning in 1980, and represented the Fourth District in Congress from 1987 to 1993, where she won a reputation as a strong fiscal conservative.

Both Keyserling and Patterson became good friends and have been wonderful donors—accessible, friendly, and eager to share their papers with the public.

I can’t imagine an SCPC focused solely on men in government. I believe history shows that we will be served best when more women have leadership roles in government.

~ Herb Hartsook

Note: For more on Liz Patterson, you may read an oral history interview with her here.

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Some Brief Reflections: Relationships with Donors

This is very self-indulgent, but I recently went through a stack of my own photos, and thought to share some, reflecting on the people I have had the pleasure to serve over the years.  Following are some favorites, in approximate chronological order.  I don’t regret losing weight but I’d love to have some hair back.

HH001 with Fritz & Peatsy Hollings, April 2000The ever elegant Peatsy Hollings with the Senator.  Many Hollings staffers refer to Hollings as “the Boss,” and that is how I always think of him;

HH002 with Isadore LourieIsadore Lourie, in almost every photo I’ve ever seen, he was smiling;

HH003 with Floyd SpenceFloyd Spence pledged his papers the day we first contacted him;

HH004 with John West, May 2000John West often recalled his early life on the farm, where he worked from dawn to dusk, or as he phrased it, “from can’t see to can’t see;”

HH006 with Wm WestmorelandDean of Libraries George Terry asked me to solicit General William Westmoreland’s papers.  Five years later, I had a great adventure in bringing the collection to the Caroliniana;

HH005 with Bryan Dorn, 2004For years, Steve Griffith and I visited Bryan Dorn each year, just before Christmas;

HH008 with Carroll Campbell, March 2004I met Carroll Campbell after he was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s.  When Dean of Libraries Paul Willis and I visited his home to pick up his papers, Gov. Campbell helped load our van.  When I objected to him carrying the heavy boxes, Mrs. Campbell accurately noted “Well, he’s the most fit.”  And it was true;

HH007 with John SprattJohn and Jane Spratt have proven to be ideal donors.  Here I am twisting his arm hoping he will pledge his papers to SCPC.

Herb Hartsook

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“I refuse to take it personally”: On the Popularity of the U.S. Congress

I have spent the bulk of my career documenting contemporary government and politics.  First as a graduate assistant during the late 1970s at the University of Michigan where I processed the papers of the Michigan Republican Party.  I take great pride in my association with legislators including Butler Derrick, Bryan Dorn, Jim Edwards, Lindsey Graham, Fritz Hollings, John Spratt and John West.  But, I also sometimes shudder at the antics of our nation’s leaders.  So, it was with great delight that I read remarks by Don Ritchie of the Senate Historical Office.  Don is one of the finest oral historians I have encountered and a fount of information on the Senate.

Don Ritchie

Senate Historian Don Ritchie doing one of his many appearances on C-SPAN

During a recent panel on congressional history presented at the 2014 annual meeting of the Society for History in the Federal Government, Ritchie noted, “Congress registers as the least popular branch of the federal government. Even at its highest levels, right after Watergate, Congress was well regarded by only 40 percent of the population. In recent years that approval rate has dipped below 10 percent—down below used car salesmen and just ahead of telemarketers.


Nicholas Longworth in 1912

But this is nothing new. Back in 1925, Representative Nicholas Longworth—for whom one of the three House office buildings was named—commented that during the 20 years he had served, members of Congress had been “attacked, denounced, despised, hunted, harried, blamed, looked down upon, excoriated, and flayed. I refuse to take it personally,” he said. “I have looked into history. . . .We were unpopular when John Quincy Adams was a congressman. We were unpopular when Henry Clay was a congressman. We have always been unpopular. From the beginning of the Republic, it has been the duty of every free-born voter to look down upon us, and the duty of every free-born humorist to make jokes at us.”

Herb Hartsook

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Roll In With Olin


Senator Olin Johnston with his wife Gladys and daughter Liz in 1957

Political campaigns require a great deal from candidates.  They have to have the “fire in the belly” to withstand the rigors of a contested election and use all manner of “tools” to reach out to voters.  These might consist of meet and greets, door-to-door solicitation, clever advertising, yard signs, billboards, and recently, robo-calling.  Music has long been an effective tool used well by many campaigners.

“Roll In With Olin” was the campaign song used by U.S. Senator Olin D. Johnston, whose papers formed the University’s first major congressional collection when they were received in 1965 shortly after the Senator’s death.

The catchy song was written by Jimmy McHugh (1894–1969) a prolific songwriter active from the 1920s to the 1950s.  His songs were recorded by artists including Louis Armstrong, Nat King Cole, Bing Crosby, Ella Fitzgerald, Judy Garland, Billie Holiday, Peggy Lee, and Frank Sinatra.

Liz Patterson

Liz Johnston (Patterson) campaigned for her father at the fair in Anderson, SC.

Daughter Liz Patterson recalls that the piece was so popular, it even played on the jukeboxes at the beach.  She recounts that Johnston’s connection to McHugh came through a relation who had moved to Hollywood.

We believe this recording was issued during Johnston’s final reelection campaign of 1962, when he turned back challenges by then-Governor Fritz Hollings in the Democratic primary, and Republican Bill Workman in the general election.

Please click below to hear two versions of this short campaign ditty.  Listen along as the song encourages voters to support “the tried and true . . . man who will fight for you.”

By Herb Hartsook

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SCPC Holiday Schedule

holly border topSCPC will be open on Monday, December 22nd,

and will then close for the Christmas break. 

We will be open for business again beginning

Friday, January 2nd.

Enjoy your holidays!

holly border bottom

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Goldwater Nomination Speeches from the 1960 Republican National Convention (Arizona State University)

Arizona State University Libraries holds the Barry Goldwater papers.  Rob Spindler and his excellent staff at their department of Archives and Special Collections, at our request, recently digitized NBC’s coverage of speeches made at the 1960 Republican National Convention nominating Goldwater for President.


Barry Goldwater (LIFE magazine)

Viewers will enjoy commentators Chet Huntley and David Brinkley and hear seconding speeches by Gov. Paul Fannin of Arizona, Cong. Bruce Alger of Texas, our own Gregory D. Shorey, Roy Houck of South Dakota, and Cong. John Rhodes of Arizona.  Finally, they will hear a stirring speech by Goldwater as he withdrew his name in favor of Richard Nixon.

Goldwater’s powerful speech presents a strong case for the conservative wing of the Party.  The newscasters noted that South Carolina and Arizona delegates “seemed to lead” the Goldwater demonstration on the Convention floor.  In his dynamic seconding speech, Shorey called Goldwater, “the most courageous legislator of our time.”

The hour long program can be seen at this link

Contributed by Herb Hartsook

Check out our other posts celebrating the 50th anniversary of Goldwater’s 1964 campaign here, here, and here.

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Goodbye, Lori

Lori and her piles (processing the Hollings Papers)

Lori and her piles (processing a collection)

Lori Schwartz, SCPC’s longtime Special Projects Archivist, will leave us in December to join the staff of the University of Nebraska Omaha’s Criss Library as the Chuck Hagel Archivist.  Hagel is the 24th and current U.S. Secretary of Defense.  The Republican Hagel has served as Secretary since 2013.  Previously, he represented Nebraska in the U.S. Senate from 1997 to 2009. He won two Purple Hearts in Vietnam as an infantry squad leader, then entered into a successful career in business, where his accomplishments included  co-founding Vanguard Cellular.  His collection currently chiefly documents his two terms in the Senate.


hollings and lori

Senator Hollings and Lori at his book signing in 2008

Lori worked for SCPC for three years as a graduate assistant and was then hired as our fourth and final Hollings Papers Project Archivist in 2004.  She completed the processing of the Hollings Collection and assisted the Senator with research for his book, Making Government Work.  She also created the digital publication, Fritz Hollings: In His Own Words, a selection of some 200 documents consisting of 800 pages from the Hollings papers that has become the model for our In Their Own Words series.  In the process, she clearly became Hollings’ favorite archivist, whom he termed his “little lady.”

Dorothy and Lori inspecting the Hollings Library Reading Room prior to the big move in 2010

Dorothy and Lori having a little fun inspecting the Hollings Library prior to the big move in 2010.  Photo by Tucky Taylor.

Among her other accomplishments, Lori planned and supervised the 2010 move of SCPC from the Pearle Warehouse to the Hollings Library.  Thanks to her careful planning and diligence, this immense project proceeded flawlessly.  Some will point to her co-creation of SCPC’s Cheese Day celebration as her greatest contribution to the Library.  Cheese Day has grown almost every year and has spread to other repositories as former graduate students mentored by Lori have found employment through the profession.

Lori will be sorely missed and we wish her well in her new position.

Lori's favorite photo of SCPC staff, circa 2012 L-R: Dorothy, Kate, Caitlin, Virginia, Lori, Katharine, Laura plus Herb on the couch

Lori’s favorite photo of SCPC staff, circa 2012

Lori's favorite photo of SCPC staff, circa 2012 L-R: Dorothy, Kate, Caitlin, Virginia, Lori, Katharine, Laura plus Herb on the couch

Both photos by Kathy Dowell for USC Libraries

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An Evocative Letter from the Trenches of World War I

SCPC is receiving papers of Sarah Leverette, a 1943 graduate of the USC School of Law who served as Law Librarian from 1947 to 1972 and who has been a leader in the South Carolina League of Voters for over fifty years.  An inspirational figure, she currently works as a realtor and continues to serve the League of Women Voters as a staunch voice for good government.  “Fritz” Hollings remembers Sarah with great fondness, noting he’ll never forget her for coming in early every day during the 1945 Christmas holiday to open the law library so that he and other students, many WWII vets, could study.

Grandfather Leverette WWI Photo

In the course of this work, I have gotten to know Steve Casey, Sarah’s nephew.  Many families are lucky to have one member who serves as the family historian and Steve is a most able historian for his extended family and he is generously sharing much of his family’s history with the University.   Among the treasures we recently received was a typescript of the following letter written from the trenches of France by Sarah’s father, Steve’s grandfather, Doughboy Stephen Ernest Leverette.  It is among the most evocative and moving wartime letters I have read.  A German offensive launched on July 15 began the Second Battle of the Marne and was to be Germany’s final push of the Great War.  It resulted in a major Allied victory.   For their steadfast performance during the attack on Allied lines, Leverette’s Division, the 3rd, earned the nickname “The Rock of the Marne.”

                                             France, Aug’st 20. 1918.

My Dear Wife and Babies:

    ​After two and one-half months of hard fighting at the front, we have at last been moved back for a few weeks rest. We have been on the front continually since June 1st with an occasional rest of only a day or two, but always in range of the German guns. It is impossible to tell you what we passed through during the last big drive in which the Americans played such an important part, especially our regiment. On July 16th the Germans sent over the greatest barrage of artillery fire in the history of the war, followed by an attack on our lines and succeeded in breaking through the lines held by the French. They crossed the [Marne] river, gaining a foot hold on our side. It was our regiment which checked this — the greatest drive of the war. We pushed them back across the river and drove them for about 25 miles. For this work our regimental flag is to be decorated with the Croix de Guerre, being the first American regiment in France to receive this honor. Of course we suffered many casualties. I am the only officer left in our company, all others either killed or wounded. I have been in command of the company since July 22nd, when our captain was killed and have been recommended for a captaincy by our battalion commander. I am enclosing copies of special orders from our commanding general complimenting our regiment for its work. Each officer in the regiment received a copy. While our losses were heavy, the enemy losses were much heavier. On either side of the river their dead were piled in heaps, while the river was full of floating bodies and ran red with their life blood. Its useless to say we suffered many hardships and had many tough experiences on this drive. I lost all my equipment, in fact everything I had. My only earthly possessions now are the clothes I have on. Guess you’ll think I have no chance of losing them when I tell you that I haven’t had them off in three weeks. I’m sure the kiddies will think “Daddy” is disgraced when they hear that I haven’t had a bath in so long. I slept with my shoes off last night for the first time in 16 nights. We don’t mind small matters like this so long as the Huns are on the run — and we’ve certainly got ’em going. I was in the drive from start to finish and came through without a scratch. I can never explain how I got through, unless it was by the prayers of you people back home. Its fierce to face German artillery, machine gun fire and gas, all of which we get in abundance, but rest assured the Americans have got the grit to stand it. I’ll never forget how our men went into this drive. Few if any of them had ever faced a gun, yet they went up like veterans and those who live to get back hom[e] deserve the best there is in the United States and I’m sure will get it.

    We are now 30 miles behind the lines, yet on July 22nd, the Germans were within 200 yards of where I am now writing. Although we were sent back here for a much needed rest. I have days of work ahead in straightening out company records as to killed, gassed, wounded, missing, etc., besides much other work I can’t explain. In my exhausted condition, I am in bad shape to take up the task of mental work which awaits me. 

    In addition to my other work, I have to censor all letters. Some nights when I am so dead tired and have to read hundreds of letters, I come to the conclusion that every man in my company must have two or three wives and two or three sweethearts. Its a great pleasure — no matter how tired– to read the beautiful letters the boys write to their mothers, which shows the kind of stuff a fellow is made of I also very often run across very nice things indeed they say about me whether or not they say these things just because they know I’ll read the letters, I can’t say, any way it looks good. 

    How I wish you people at home could see some of the battlefields of France. The desolation and destruction are awful. Also wish you could see some of the wonderful battles in the air. I have witnessed many. Sometimes as many as ten and twelve machines are engaged in a battle and its a most thrilling and awe-inspiring sight to see the daring aviators make their dives and dips after one anothe[r] — their machine guns firing hundreds of shots a minute and each trying to get advantage of the other. You often see them shot to pieces and come crashing to earth. 

    The sector where we have been fighting has been one of open warfare altogether. Our front lines were only fifty to 100 yards from the enemy. We couldn’t show our selves at all in the daytime as a rifle would pick us off, consequently our moving was all done at night. During the day we would crawl on our stomachs or stay in our little dugouts. During a battle the big guns boom so loud it makes the little infantry rifles sound like popguns. They get to firing so fast its just one continual roar. Men can shout right in your ears, but you can’t hear a sound. It makes your head feel like you had taken about a peck of quinine. To sleep we would just lay down on the ground and roll up in our blankets. When the big shells would explode near us it would turn us completely over. 

Patrick Military Institute Commencement 1888    It is a most beautiful sight to be back among the big guns and see them open up on the Germans. You can see them fire, then see them hit on German soil and as they explode acres and acres of ground are literally torn up, to say nothing of the Huns.

    This war is a great game and all the more fascinating because of the great danger. You soon become accustomed to the din and roar — and danger too. With shells falling all around me the other day, I actually caught myself singing that old son[g]; “I Love to Tell The Story.”

    I met a French sergeant the other day who told me many of his experiences. He said on one occasion in Belgium, when they pushed the Germans back, he found a little girl about six years old nailed to a door, and just a few yard[s] further on they came to a young girl with ten bayonet wounds in her body. This fellow’s wife and little girl were captured in this German drive. He got letters from his wife up to 1916, but has heard nothing from her since. Although only 31 years old, his hair is white:

    One of the most inspiring sights to the American boys is to see these brave French women patiently toiling from day to day – doing their bit to help win the war. Many of them have lost their fathers, husbands, brothers and sons — still they don’t give up. They are not only working in the shops, cafes, offices, etc., but you see women of refinement and culture working in the fields. Well the “half has not yet been told” but I must stop. Please say to the many friends who have written me such nice letters, that I have appreciated and enjoyed them more than I can say, but it’s impossible for me to answer all of them now. Nothing helps us so much as cheerful letters from home, unless its the Red Cross and Y. M. C. A. They are doing a grand work — follow us right up and do everything in their power for our comfort. Many a Red Cross nurse and Y. M. C. A worker will have stars in their crowns for the wonderful things they are doing for us. 

    Much love to you and all the babies. 


First Lieut. Co. D, 38th Inft. 3rd Div.

–Blog post contributed by Herb Hartsook

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Summering In Connecticut

Editor’s note: At SCPC, we’re proud to see our student assistants complete internships (read about the experiences of Caitlin, Katharine and Chris) and take part in enriching activities (like this and this).  Of course, we then ask them to “blog about it!”  Here, Clara Bertagnolli (a second-year grad student) tells us about her summer in Connecticut.

From Colt revolvers to Katherine Hepburn, from the Charter Oak to the dramatic story of the discovery of gas as an anesthetic, Connecticut has a much richer history than I expected when I began my internship there at the Connecticut Historical Society this summer. I didn’t know what to expect, but what I got was a small taste of what Connecticut has to offer and what many facets of museum work are like.

At the Connecticut Historical Society, I split my time between four different departments, one for each day of the week I worked there. On Mondays, I spent time in Exhibitions, where I developed an exhibit for a small alcove on the brief and tragic family life of the gun entrepreneur Samuel Colt, married five years before his death. I also worked on content for a panel-based exhibit on Horace Wells that is currently being displayed in the lobby of Hartford Stage during their production of Ether Dome. Tuesdays were my Collections days, where I worked on everything from constituent records in the database to cataloging new objects to editing digital photographs of objects taken for our records. I also spent a few hours some Tuesdays as a gallery attendant at the popular Katherine Hepburn fashion exhibit. I worked for Development on Wednesday, drafting business and dining partnership proposal letters and designing an outreach program on Summertime Memories centering around images found in the collections. Thursdays, I worked with the Education department, which mostly consisted of preparing materials for education programs and taking field trips to museums throughout Connecticut.

This was an incredibly busy but rewarding experience. While at first I found myself rather lost and confused in trying to differentiate between the departments and the tasks assigned to me, I was ultimately glad to have an opportunity to explore so many facets of museum work. I feel that this has made a neat [capstone] to my graduate experience and has allowed me to affirm my goal of ultimately working as a collections manager or registrar.

–Contributed by Clara Bertagnolli

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One Last Reflection on the Goldwater 1964 Campaign

This entry is the third and final entry celebrating the 50th anniversary of Barry Goldwater’s 1964 Presidential campaign. See the first and second.

An exhibit in the Hollings Library’s Brittain Gallery, October 21 through November, titled, In Your Heart, You Know He’s Right: 50th anniversary of Barry Goldwater’s 1964 Presidential Campaign celebrates the anniversary and features campaign ephemera.

bumper sticker liberty bellThe campaign caught the hearts of many South Carolinians and helped create an environment in which a nascent Republican Party began its rise to parity and eventual domination of South Carolina.

Greg Shorey was a leader in the development of South Carolina’s Republican Party in the late 1950s and very early 1960s, during which time he helped transform the Party into an effective and viable entity.  He remains active in Republican affairs and began placing his papers with SCPC in 1995.  Since that time, he has been of immense help in developing our Republican holdings.  Below are his reflections.

brochure opportunity to win50th ANNIVERSARY REFLECTIONS

There are many authentic sources with diverse views on ‘the Goldwater movement.’  My direct involvement focused less on his election, but more on building a viable second Party in S.C. and converting a one Party South.  Such accomplishments would change the balance of political power in our Country forever.  Goldwater was the vehicle and the means.

The 1964 Goldwater presidential candidacy has many misconceptions, as to when and how it really began, it’s underlying mission and real meaning… considering his election was not truly envisioned or even anticipated by Barry himself.  Southern political trends since the Eisenhower campaigns, returning vets with Yankee wives, N.E. Textile and other businesses moving to the Southland and changing post WW II attitudes, were clear indicators that a Democrat dominated South was susceptible. Our Southern States GOP State Chairmen’s Association, under the direction of I. Lee Potter, Virginia State Party Chairman, gave us access to Republican National Chairman Mead Alcorn, adding creditability as we began building a unified block of Southern State’s National Convention delegate votes (often referred to as “young Turks”) uniquely able to affect outcomes and overcome Party dominance by the North East ‘moderates.’

Goldwater panorama1The “Draft Goldwater Committee,” credits my 1959 Goldwater endorsement at a State-wide broadcasted $100./plate fund raising dinner at the old Greenville Hotel as the movement’s, ‘lynch-pin.’  Goldwater was our guest speaker that evening. This event also secured Roger Milliken’s key involvement as our State Party’s Finance Chairman.  Many of my former College Young Republican friends, in positions of Party leadership around the Country, became actively involved with this Committee.  Cliff White’s book, “Suite 3505,” details what ultimately led to Goldwater’s 1964 Candidacy.  The 1960 RNC [Republican National Committee] was the “kick-off” and the role the S.C. delegation played, pledged to Goldwater, to be released only by him, has not been fully credited.  With pressure on his own Arizona delegates, we forced his 1960 Convention nomination, seconded by me as Chairman of the S.C. delegation & the Goldwater for President Committee. {This a story by itself}. Reluctantly agreeing to Barry’s withdrawal, in support of Nixon’s 1960 nomination, we had Goldwater’s 1964 RNC nomination in view.  Our objective of demonstrating the power of a two party South was now evident.

Goldwater panorama2While the election of Jim Edwards (first Republican governor since ‘Reconstruction’), endorsements of Nixon & Goldwater by Jimmy Byrnes, the election of Carroll Campbell as Governor (preceded by his upset victory over 4th Dist. Congressman Democrat Bob Ashmore) and Strom Thurmond’s 1964 Party switch, after Goldwater’s nomination,  were all significant confirmations that S.C. now had a viable second Party.  But the real seminal event had to be South Carolina’s role initiating the “Goldwater movement” preceding the 1960  RNC — that led to his securing his 1964 nomination, thus changing the Nation’s political power base forever!  Contrary to some assertions, that our’s was a”lily-white” movement, the fact is that this effort provided ALL voters with a true competitive choice, that is — Conservatism Vs.  Liberalism (as is still the case) giving our State and the South new leadership and influence.  Proof— Consider where much of today’s Republican Party leadership emulates, plus Governorships and legislative majorities.

Our 1958 South Carolina Republican Party handbook stated our objective: “Better government at all levels, more responsive & responsible to the public.”  Goldwater’s candidacy 8 years later made this objective a reality in a very important and different way. All our communities have benefited.

-Greg Shorey – Feb. 4, 2014

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