Olde English Consortium Library Media Specialists Professional Development Conference
John Quirk of the South Carolina Digital Library
and Virginia Pierce of the South Carolina Digital Newspaper Program
SCDNP has digitized or is in the process of digitizing newspapers from 80 newspaper titles covering more than 20 upstate and midlands communities that can be utilized by educators in the Olde English Consortium: including, Abbeville, Anderson, Batesburg, Camden, Cheraw, Chesterfield, Columbia, Dillon, Easley, Edgefield, Fort Mill, Greenville, Lancaster, Laurens, Lexington, Newberry, Pickens, Spartanburg, Union, Walhalla, Winnsboro, and York. Visit the SCDNP website for an up to date list.
To view the full list of digitized newspapers, visit the SCDNP website and look for the drop down lists seen below, titled Digitized Historic SC Newspapers Now Available in Chronicling America and Selected Newspaper Titles for Digitization, 2013-2015.
Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers is an excellent resource for educators and library media specialists seeking to use a free, authoritative online resource in the classroom and to find primary sources for their lessons. Chronicling America will also be an excellent source for finding primary sources following Common Core State Standards in Literacy in History, Social Studies, Science, Reading, and the English Language Arts.
Using digitized historical newspapers in the classroom will help students:
- analyze text.
- assess and evaluate point of view.
- integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse formats and media.
- read and comprehend complex literary and information texts independently.
- determine central ideas in primary sources and learn how to accurately summarize the theme.
- distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.
- compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources.
- integrate information from diverse sources into a coherent understanding of a topic.
- gather relevant information from multiple authoritative sources, including digital sources, using advanced searching effectively, assessing the usefulness of each source in answering a research question, and using citations properly.
- and use technology and digital media strategically and effectively.
SC State Standards in which educators and library media specialists can utilize primary resources of digitized South Carolina newspapers and national content in Chronicling America:
The student will demonstrate an understanding….
Standard 3-4: …of life in the antebellum period, the causes and effects of the Civil War, and the impact of Reconstruction in South Carolina.
Standard 3-5: …of the major developments in South Carolina in the late 19th and the 20th century.
Standard 4-5: …of westward expansion of the U.S. and its impact on the institution of slavery.
Standard 4-6: …of the causes, the course, and the effects of the American Civil War.
Standard 5-1: … of Reconstruction and its impact on the U.S.
Standard 5-2: … of the continued westward expansion of the U.S.
Standard 5-3: … of major domestic and foreign developments that contributed to the U.S. becoming a world power.
Standard 5-4: … of American economic challenges in the 1920s and 1930s and world conflict in the 1940s.
Standard 7-4: …of the causes and effects of world conflict in the first half of the 20th century.
Standard 8-4: … of the multiple events that led to the Civil War.
Standard 8-5: …of the impact of Reconstruction, industrialization, and Progressivism on society and politics in South Carolina in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Standard 8-6: … of the role of South Carolina in the nation in the early 20th century.
Standard USHC-3: … of how regional and ideological differences led to the Civil War and an understanding of the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on democracy in America.
Below are a sample of the many topics addressed in these state standards can be researched by students in the classroom, or by teachers and library media specialists who want to share resources with students.
abolition, annexation of Texas, antebellum South Carolina, assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, assassination of Lincoln, the Alamo, black codes, boll weevil, John Brown, James F. Byrnes, Camp Jackson, child labor, civil war, C.S.S Hunley, cotton gin, Dred Scott, Frederick Douglas, W.E.B. Dubois, Freedmen’s Bureau, electricity and introduction of modern conveniences, Emancipation Proclamation, Fort Sumter, free persons of color, fugitive slave laws, William Lloyd Garrison, Gettysburg, Homestead Act, influenza epidemic, Jim Crow laws, Kansas-Nebraska Act, labor laws, League of Nations, 1860 Election of Lincoln, President Lincoln, Mexican Cession, Missouri Compromise, Native Americans, Oregon Treaty, Panama Canal, phosphate industry, Plessy vs. Ferguson, prohibition, race, Radical Republicans, railroads, Reconstruction, Robert Smalls, sharecropping, slavery, Secession Convention, Sherman, slave codes, Spanish American War, States’ Rights, Harriet Beecher Stowe, temperance, textile mills, Ben Tillman, Sojourner Truth, Treaty of Versailles, Union blockade of Charleston, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells, The West, women’s suffrage, The Great War (World War I), 13th Amendment, 14th Amendment, 15th Amendment, and the 19th amendment.
And there are so many other topics that can be researched. Really anything dating from the battle of the Alamo in 1836 to the circa 1920 passage of women’s suffrage and prohibition.
For tips on how to search Chronicling America…see our blog posts on
Other resources helpful in utilizing Chronicling America content…
South Carolina Digital Library Resources
USC Digital Collections are housed in Hollings Special Collections Building at the University of South Carolina. USC works with curators from special collections libraries and faculty at USC to digitize the university’s holdings of photos, maps, rare books, letters, diaries, scrapbooks and more. Their mission is to increase access to holdings, enhance scholarship, support teaching, and to promote learning.
The South Carolina Digital Library is a statewide collaborative effort which brings together 200,000 items from more than 48 institutions across SC. Items are fully searchable and are organized by object type, geography, time period, holding institution.
The SC Digital Academy is an initiative to help teachers incorporate digitized materials into their lessons based on state standards. Teachers can access these resources by grade level and by lesson plan as well as find numerous other helpful resources compiled here.
The K-12 Primary Sources (Pilot Project) was also a collaboration between a group of South Carolina teachers and USC Libraries. It was an experimental, early effort which is searchable by standards indicators.
Additional Resources Available are:
•USC Moving Image Research Collection: http://mirc.sc.edu/
•Library of Congress Teacher Resources: http://www.loc.gov/teachers/
•Internet Archive: http://archive.org
•Lowcountry Digital Library lesson plans: http://lcdl.library.cofc.edu/lesson-plans